1978 Giro d'Italia
|Dates||7 May - 28 May|
|Stages||20 + Prologue, including one split stage|
|Distance||3,610.5 km (2,243 mi)|
|Winning time||101h 31' 22"|
|Winner||Johan De Muynck (BEL)||(Bianchi)|
|Second||Gianbattista Baronchelli (ITA)||(Scic)|
|Third||Francesco Moser (ITA)||(Sanson)|
|Points||Francesco Moser (ITA)||(Sanson)|
|Mountains||Ueli Sutter (SUI)||(Zonca)|
|Youth||Roberto Visentini (ITA)||(Vibor)|
|Combination||Giuseppe Saronni (ITA)||(Scic)|
|Team||Bianchi - Faema|
The 1978 Giro d'Italia was the 61st running of the Giro d'Italia, one of cycling's Grand Tours races. The Giro started in Saint-Vincent, on 7 May, with a 2 km (1.2 mi) prologue and concluded in Milan, on 28 May, with a 220 km (136.7 mi) mass-start stage. A total of 130 riders from thirteen teams entered the 20-stage race, that was won by Belgian Johan de Muynck of the Bianchi team. The second and third places were taken by Italians Gianbattista Baronchelli and Francesco Moser, respectively.
Amongst the other classifications that the race awarded, Sanson's Moser won the points classification, Ueli Sutter of Zonca won the mountains classification, and Vibor's Roberto Visentini completed the Giro as the best neo-professional in the general classification, finishing fifteenth overall. Bianchi finishing as the winners of the team points classification.
A total of 13 teams were invited to participate in the 1978 Giro d'Italia. Each team sent a squad of ten riders, so the Giro began with a peloton of 130 cyclists. Out of the 130 riders that started this edition of the Giro d'Italia, a total of 90 riders made it to the finish in Milan.
The teams entering the race were:
Route and stages
|P||7 May||Saint-Vincent||2 km (1 mi)||Individual time trial||Dietrich Thurau (GER)|
|1||8 May||Saint-Vincent to Novi Ligure||175 km (109 mi)||Plain stage||Rik Van Linden (BEL)|
|2||9 May||Novi Ligure to La Spezia||195 km (121 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Giuseppe Saronni (ITA)|
|3||10 May||La Spezia to Càscina||183 km (114 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Johan De Muynck (BEL)|
|4||11 May||Larciano to Pistoia||25 km (16 mi)||Individual time trial||Dietrich Thurau (GER)|
|5||12 May||Prato to Cattolica||200 km (124 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Rik Van Linden (BEL)|
|6||13 May||Cattolica to Silvi Marina||218 km (135 mi)||Plain stage||Rik Van Linden (BEL)|
|7||14 May||Silvi Marina to Benevento||242 km (150 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Giuseppe Saronni (ITA)|
|8||15 May||Benevento to Ravello||175 km (109 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Giuseppe Saronni (ITA)|
|9||16 May||Amalfi to Latina||248 km (154 mi)||Plain stage||Enrico Paolini (ITA)|
|10||17 May||Latina to Lago di Piediluco||220 km (137 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Giuseppe Martinelli (ITA)|
|11a||18 May||Terni to Assisi||74 km (46 mi)||Plain stage||Bruno Zanoni (ITA)|
|11b||Assisi to Siena||145 km (90 mi)||Plain stage||Francesco Moser (ITA)|
|12||19 May||Poggibonsi to Monte Trebbio||204 km (127 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Giancarlo Bellini (ITA)|
|13||20 May||Modigliana to Padua||183 km (114 mi)||Plain stage||Francesco Moser (ITA)|
|14||21 May||Venezia to Venezia||12 km (7 mi)||Individual time trial||Francesco Moser (ITA)|
|22 May||Rest day|
|15||23 May||Treviso to Canazei||234 km (145 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Gianbattista Baronchelli (ITA)|
|16||24 May||Mazzin to Cavalese||48 km (30 mi)||Individual time trial||Francesco Moser (ITA)|
|17||25 May||Cavalese to Monte Bondone||205 km (127 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Wladimiro Panizza (ITA)|
|18||26 May||Mezzolombardo to Sarezzo||245 km (152 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Giuseppe Perletto (ITA)|
|19||27 May||Brescia to Inverigo||175 km (109 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Vittorio Algeri (ITA)|
|20||28 May||Inverigo to Milan||220 km (137 mi)||Plain stage||Pierino Gavazzi (ITA)|
|Total||3,610 km (2,243 mi)|
Three different jerseys were worn during the 1978 Giro d'Italia. The leader of the general classification – calculated by adding the stage finish times of each rider, and allowing time bonuses for the first three finishers on mass-start stages – wore a pink jersey. This classification is the most important of the race, and its winner is considered as the winner of the Giro.
For the points classification, which awarded a purple (or cyclamen) jersey to its leader, cyclists were given points for finishing a stage in the top 15; additional points could also be won in intermediate sprints. The green jersey was awarded to the mountains classification leader. In this ranking, points were won by reaching the summit of a climb ahead of other cyclists. Each climb was ranked as either first, second or third category, with more points available for higher category climbs. The Cima Coppi, the race's highest point of elevation, awarded more points than the other first category climbs. The Cima Coppi for this Giro was the Passo Valles. The first rider to cross the Passo Valles was Italian rider Gianbattista Baronchelli. The white jersey was worn by the leader of young rider classification, a ranking decided the same way as the general classification, but considering only neo-professional cyclists (in their first three years of professional racing).
Although no jersey was awarded, there was also one classification for the teams, in which the awarded points to each team based off their riding's finishing position in every stage; the leading team was the one with the most points.
The rows in the following table correspond to the jerseys awarded after that stage was run.
||Young rider classification||Team classification|
|P||Dietrich Thurau||not awarded||not awarded||not awarded||not awarded||not awarded|
|1||Rik Van Linden||Rik Van Linden||Rik Van Linden||?||?||?|
|3||Johan De Muynck||Johan De Muynck|
|4||Dietrich Thurau||Giuseppe Saronni|
|5||Rik Van Linden||Francesco Moser|
|6||Rik Van Linden||Rik Van Linden|
|7||Giuseppe Saronni||Roger De Vlaeminck|
|8||Giuseppe Saronni||Giuseppe Saronni|
|9||Enrico Paolini||Roger De Vlaeminck|
|10||Giuseppe Martinelli||Giuseppe Saronni|
|11b||Francesco Moser||Roger De Vlaeminck|
|12||Giancarlo Bellini||Francesco Moser|
|17||Wladimiro Panizza||Ueli Sutter|
|20||Pierino Gavazzi||Roberto Visentini||Bianchi|
|Final||Johan De Muynck||Francesco Moser||Ueli Sutter||Roberto Visentini||Bianchi|
|Denotes the winner of the General classification||Denotes the winner of the Mountains classification|
|Denotes the winner of the Points classification|
|1||Johan De Muynck (BEL)||Bianchi||101h 31' 22"|
|2||Gianbattista Baronchelli (ITA)||Scic||+ 59"|
|3||Francesco Moser (ITA)||Sanson||+ 2' 19"|
|4||Wladimiro Panizza (ITA)||Vibor||+ 7' 57"|
|5||Giuseppe Saronni (ITA)||Scic||+ 8' 19"|
|6||Ronald De Witte (BEL)||Sanson||+ 8' 24"|
|7||Alfio Vandi (ITA)||Magniflex||+ 9' 04"|
|8||Claudio Bortolotto (ITA)||Sanson||+ 9' 25"|
|9||Bernt Johansson (SWE)||Fiorella||+ 12' 36"|
|10||Ueli Sutter (SUI)||Zonca||+ 12' 38"|
|1||Francesco Moser (ITA)||Sanson||275|
|2||Giuseppe Saronni (ITA)||Scic||274|
|3||Gianbattista Baronchelli (ITA)||Scic||260|
|4||Pierino Gavazzi (ITA)||Zonca||130|
|5||Johan De Muynck (ITA)||Bianchi||118|
Young rider classification
|1||Roberto Visentini (ITA)||Vibor||101h 50' 17"|
|2||Giancarlo Casiraghi (ITA)||Intercontinentale Assicurazioni||+ 41' 33"|
|3||Ennio Vanotti (ITA)||Zonca||+ 54' 39"|
|4||Claudio Corti (ITA)||Zonca||+ 1h 05' 20"|
|5||Vincenzo De Caro (ITA)||Mecap||+ 1h 19' 15"|
Campionato delle Regioni classification
|1||Fiorenzo Favero (SUI)||Intercontinentale Assicurazioni||38|
|2||Alessio Antonini (ITA)||Selle Royal-Inoxpran||27|
|3||Giuseppe Martinelli (ITA)||Magniflex||19|
|4||Giuseppe Saronni (ITA)||Scic||17|
|5||Giancarlo Tartoni (ITA)||Magniflex||13|
Traguardo Fiat Ritmo classification
|1||Luciano Rossignoli (ITA)||Fiorella||37|
|2||Walter Dusi (ITA)||Intercontinentale Assicurazioni||16|
|3||Ottavio Crepaldi (ITA)||Magniflex||13|
Team points classification
- "De Muynck, al libro de oro del "Giro"" [De Muynck, the Golden Book "Tour"] (PDF) (in Spanish). El Mundo Deportivo. 29 May 1978. p. 31. Archived from the original on 2013-06-30. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
- "El "Giro" Comenzia Hoy" [The "Tour" Commences Today] (PDF) (in Spanish). El Mundo Deportivo. 7 May 1978. p. 28. Archived (PDF) from the original on 8 March 2015. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
- "Giro, oggi e domani" [Giro, today and tomorrow] (PDF). La Stampa (in Italian). Editrice La Stampa. 7 May 1978. p. 17. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
- "<<Traguardo Rito>> al Giro d'Italia" [<<Target Rite>> the Tour of Italy] (PDF). Stampa Sera (in Italian). Editrice La Stampa. 6 May 1978. p. 16. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
- "Il Giro d'Italia corre in coppia" [The Tour of Italy runs in pairs] (PDF). La Stampa (in Italian). Editrice La Stampa. 6 May 1978. p. 15. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
- Bill and Carol McGann. "1978 Giro d'Italia". Bike Race Info. Dog Ear Publishing. Archived from the original on 27 February 2014. Retrieved 2012-08-06.
- Laura Weislo (13 May 2008). "Giro d'Italia classifications demystified". Cycling News. Future Publishing Limited. Archived from the original on 17 June 2014. Retrieved 13 July 2013.
- "Classifica finale" [Final classification] (PDF). l'Unità (in Italian). PCI. 29 May 1978. p. 12. Archived (PDF) from the original on 8 March 2015. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
- "le classfiche finali" [The final classifications] (PDF). La Stampa (in Italian). Editrice La Stampa. 29 May 1978. p. 17. Retrieved 27 May 2012.