Codex Ebnerianus

Not to be confused with another Codex Ebnerianus, the 15th-century manuscript copy of Ptolemy's Geography in the New York Public Library
Minuscule 105

New Testament manuscript

Gospel of John 1:5-10
Name Codex Ebnerianus
Text New Testament (except Rev)
Date 12th century
Script Greek
Now at Bodleian Library
Size 20.5 by 16 cm
Type Byzantine text-type
Category V

Codex Ebnerianus, Minuscule 105 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), δ 257 (Soden),[1] is a Greek language illuminated manuscript of the New Testament, though missing the Book of Revelation.[2]

Formerly it was labeled by 105e, 48a, and 24p.[3]


It is believed written in Constantinople at the start of the 12thC during the Comnenian Period.[4] It is unique amongst surviving Greek New Testament manuscripts in that it places author portraits before each epistle, act and gospel, as opposed to just the gospels.[5] This manuscript gives a good example of Greek calligraphy of the 12th century.

The text is written in 1 column per page, 27 lines per page, on 426 parchment leaves (20.5 by 16 cm). Capital letters in gold.[3]

The book itself was bound in silver inlaid with ivory[6] and comprises 426 leaves of vellum in quarto (20.5 by 16 cm).[7] It contains Epistula ad Carpianum, the Eusebian Tables, tables of the κεφαλαια, the τιτλοι, numbers of the κεφαλαια at the margin, the Ammonian Sections, but not o references to the Eusebian Canons, subscriptions at the end, στιχοι, and the Nicene Creed all in gold.[8] Synaxarion and Menologion were added by Joasaph, a calligraphist, in 1391, who also added John 8:3-11 at the end of that Gospel.[8]

The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type. Aland placed it in Category V.[9] It belongs to the textual family Family Kx.[10]


The codex is named after Hieronymus Wilhelm Ebner von Eschenbach (1673–1752); a Nuremberg diplomat and German Enlightenment historian, who founded a library using his extensive collection.

Formerly it was labeled by 105e, 48a, and 24p. In 1908 Gregory gave for it number 105.[1]

It is currently housed at the Bodleian Library, Oxford, (MS. Auct. T. inf. 1. 10).[11]

See also


  1. 1 2 Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 52.
  2. The harmony of the Gospels. With an account of ancient MSS. and of the various tr. of the Scriptures Oxford University 1863
  3. 1 2 Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments. 1. Leipzig. p. 152.
  4. It was once believed to have been written in 1391
  5. Cecelia Meredith,The Illustration of Codex Ebnerianus; Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes, Vol. 29, (1966)
  6. p. 304; Thomas Hartwell, An Introduction to the Study of Bibliography; T. Cadell and W. Davies, 1814; Original from the New York Public Library
  7. Thomas Hartwell Horne, An Introduction to the Critical Study and Knowledge of the Holy Scriptures Published by E. Littell, 1825
  8. 1 2 Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament. 1. London: George Bell & Sons. p. 208.
  9. Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 138. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1.
  10. Wisse, Frederik (1982). The Profile Method for the Classification and Evaluation of Manuscript Evidence, as Applied to the Continuous Greek Text of the Gospel of Luke. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 54. ISBN 0-8028-1918-4.
  11. K. Aland, M. Welte, B. Köster, K. Junack, Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments, Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, New York 1994, p. 52.
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