An eschatocol, or closing protocol, is the final section of a legal or public document, which may include a formulaic sentence of appreciation, and the attestation of those responsible for the document, i.e., the author, the writer, or the countersigner, principal parties involved, and any witnesses to the enactment or the subscription.[1][2] It also contains the documentation context of the action described therein (i.e., enunciation of the means of validation, indication of the responsibilities for documentation of the act) and the final formulae.

Formerly common in medieval charters, they have been relegated to notarial acts, diplomatic treaties, certificates, and other highly formalized writings.

Eschatocols usually contain:

For notarial writings, it is specifically a long form notarial authentication (the notarization proper) and takes the form of the final clause of an act in public form or the certificate at the end of an act in private form (typically to certify for use overseas). The exact wording of an eschatocol is highly formulaic and will vary depending on the nature of the notarial act. At least for English, much of what was several sentences has been condensed into one.

For acts in public form, typical eschatocols read as follows:

For those in private form, the following are typical:

See also

Look up eschatocol in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.


  1. Marvin Zelkowitz (5 August 2003). Advances in Computers: Information Repositories. Academic Press. pp. 73–. ISBN 978-0-08-049351-0. Retrieved 12 August 2013. In a formal structure, intrinsic elements have three classes: protocol, text, and eschatocol. An example of eschatocol in private records is a sequence of appreciation sentence, salutation, complimentary clause (e.g., “sincerely yours”), signature, ...
  2. Timothy Lubin; Donald R. Davis Jr; Jayanth K. Krishnan (21 October 2010). Hinduism and Law: An Introduction. Cambridge University Press. pp. 67–. ISBN 978-1-139-49358-1. Retrieved 12 August 2013. The final part (eschatocol) could include subscriptio: signatures (mata) of the parties or stamps, sometimes the name of the scribe is also mentioned; apprecatio: blessings (e.g., śrīh., śubham, “hail”), authoritative confirmations (e.g.,pramān ̇a) ...
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