Eurasian Patent Convention
Parties (purple), former parties (green) and signatories that did not ratify (blue)
|Signed||9 September 1994|
|Effective||12 August 1995|
|Condition||ratification by three States|
|Parties||8 (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Russia, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan)|
|Depositary||Director-General of WIPO|
The Eurasian Patent Convention (EAPC) (Russian: Евразийская патентная конвенция) is an international patent law treaty instituting both the Eurasian Patent Organization (EAPO) and the legal system pursuant to which Eurasian patents are granted. It was signed on 9 September 1994 in Moscow, Russia, and entered into force on 12 August 1995.
After the Collapse of the Soviet Union, its successor states had no system for protection of intellectual property. A common patent system was perceived in a convention which was signed on 27 December 1991, but never entered into force. This system would provide for a true unitary patent that "may be granted, assigned or canceled in the territory of all the Contracting States with due regard to the invention patentability criteria provided for in the USSR legislation". The second version of the convention went less far: in line with the European Patent Convention, it provided for a single evaluation phase, but after approval, it would be converted in a bundle of national patents.
The convention was signed by 10 states in 1994, 8 of which became members one year later upon ratification.
|Armenia||9 September 1994||27 November 1995|
|Azerbaijan||9 September 1994||25 September 1995|
|Belarus||9 September 1994||8 May 1995|
|Georgia||9 September 1994|
|Kazakhstan||9 September 1994||4 August 1995|
|Kyrgyzstan||9 September 1994||13 October 1995|
|Moldova||9 September 1994||16 November 1995||26 April 2012|
|Russia||9 September 1994||27 June 1995|
|Tajikistan||9 September 1994||12 May 1995|
|Turkmenistan||1 March 1995|
|Ukraine||9 September 1994|
- "Eurasian Patent Convention". Eurasian Patent Organization. Retrieved 19 June 2016.
- "History of the Eurasian patent organization". Eurasian Patent Organization. Retrieved 2 July 2012.
- "Accessing patent information published in Russia – Part 1: Eurasian Patent Office" (PDF). Patent Information News. European Patent Office. 2016 (2): 12–14. June 2016. Retrieved 19 June 2016.
- "Treaty database: Eurasian Patent Convention (EAPO)". WIPO. Retrieved 3 July 2012.
- Eurasian Patent Convention (English translation, archived) Eurasian Patent Organization
- The full text of the Eurasian Patent Convention (Translation by the International Bureau of WIPO) (English) in the WIPO Lex database — official website of WIPO.
- Eurasian Espacenet server - complete, searchable collection of all Eurasian patent applications and patents