Mauritius (Commonwealth realm)

Coordinates: 20°12′S 57°30′E / 20.2°S 57.5°E / -20.2; 57.5

Commonwealth realm
Flag Coat of arms
"Stella Clavisque Maris Indici" (Latin)
"Star and Key of the Indian Ocean"
Royal anthem
God Save the Queen
Capital Port Louis
Languages Mauritian Creole
Rodriguan Creole
Government Constitutional monarchy
   1968–1992 Elizabeth II
  1968 (first) John Shaw Rennie
  1986–1992 (last) Veerasamy Ringadoo
Prime Minister
  1968–1982 Seewoosagur Ramgoolam
  1982–1992 Anerood Jugnauth
   Independence 12 March 1968
   Republic proclaimed 12 March 1992
   1972 2,040 km² (788 sq mi)
   1972 est. 851,334 
     Density 417.3 /km²  (1,080.9 /sq mi)
Currency Mauritian rupee
Calling code +230
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Dominion of Mauritius
Republic of Mauritius
Today part of  Mauritius

The Commonwealth realm of Mauritius, officially known as "Mauritius", was a predecessor to the modern-day Republic of Mauritius and an independent state that existed between 1968 and 1992.

When British rule ended in 1968, the Mauritius Independence Act 1968 transformed the British Crown Colony of Mauritius into an independent sovereign Commonwealth realm. The British monarch, Elizabeth II, remained head of state. Mauritius shared the Sovereign with the other Commonwealth realms. The monarch's constitutional roles were mostly delegated to the Governor-General of Mauritius. The royal succession was governed by the English Act of Settlement of 1701. During the Commonwealth realm phase, the following governors-general held office:

Seewoosagur Ramgoolam and then Sir Anerood Jugnauth held office as Prime Minister of Mauritius.

Elizabeth II visited Mauritius 24–26 March 1972 in her capacity as Queen of Mauritius.

The Republic of Mauritius was proclaimed on 12 March 1992. It is the most recent former Commonwealth realm to become a republic within the Commonwealth. Following the abolition of the monarchy, the last Governor General of Mauritius, Sir Veerasamy Ringadoo became the first President of Mauritius.


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