Order of the Roman Eagle
The Fascist Order of the Roman Eagle founded in 1942 with civil and military divisions, was abolished in Italy in 1944; although it continued to be awarded by Benito Mussolini in the short-lived Italian Social Republic until 1945. A self-styled order of the same name was founded by Romano Mussolini, fourth and youngest son of Benito Mussolini, in 1997.
The various degrees of the order, with corresponding ribbons, were as follows:
|Ribbon||Class (English)||Full title in Italian|
|1st Class / Knight Grand Cross||Cavaliere di Gran Croce dell'Ordine civile e militare dell'Aquila romana|
|2nd Class / Grand Officer||Grande Ufficiale dell'Ordine civile e militare dell'Aquila romana|
|3rd Class / Commander||Commendatore dell'Ordine civile e militare dell'Aquila romana|
|4th Class / Officer||Ufficiale dell'Ordine civile e militare dell'Aquila romana|
|5th Class / Knight||Cavaliere dell'Ordine civile e militare dell'Aquila romana|
The separate Order of the Patron Saints of Italy (Ordine dei Santi Patroni d'Italia), St. Francis of Assisi and St. Catherine of Siena, was also conferred by the so-called Republic of Salò between February and April 1945. An organisation of this name was also founded by Romano Mussolini in 1997.
- By Royal Decree No. 172 of 14 March 1942
- By Decree of the Lieutenant of the Realm of 5 October 1944
- By Decree of the Duce and Head of Government of 2 March 1944
- Statuto e successive modificazioni attualmente in vigore (Statutes and subsequent amendments currently in force) Ordine dell'Aquila Romana, 19 April 1997