Richard Stockton (U.S. Senator)

Richard Stockton
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New Jersey's At-large district
In office
March 4, 1813  March 3, 1815
Preceded by James Schureman
Succeeded by George Sykes
United States Senator
from New Jersey
In office
November 12, 1796  March 4, 1799
Preceded by Frederick Frelinghuysen
Succeeded by Jonathan Dayton
Personal details
Born (1764-04-17)April 17, 1764
Princeton, New Jersey
Died March 7, 1828(1828-03-07) (aged 63)
Princeton, New Jersey
Political party Federalist

Richard Stockton (April 17, 1764  March 7, 1828) was a lawyer who represented New Jersey in the United States Senate and later served in the United States House of Representatives. He was the first U.S. Attorney for the District of New Jersey, holding that office from 1789 to 1791, and ran unsuccessfully for vice president in the 1820 election as a member of the Federalist Party, which did not nominate a candidate for president.


Stockton was born in Princeton, New Jersey, the son of Richard Stockton, a signer of the Declaration of Independence. He was tutored privately, and graduated from the College of New Jersey (now Princeton University) in 1779. He studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1784 and commenced practice in Princeton.

He was elected as a Federalist to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Frederick Frelinghuysen and served from November 12, 1796 to March 4, 1799, but declined to be a candidate for reelection. He was an unsuccessful candidate for Governor of New Jersey in 1801, 1803, and 1804. He was elected as a Federalist to the Thirteenth Congress, serving from March 4, 1813 to March 3, 1815, and declined to be a candidate for renomination to the Fourteenth Congress.

Stockton was elected a member of the American Antiquarian Society in 1815.[1]

After leaving Congress, he resumed the practice of his profession. He died at Morven, near Princeton, and was interred in Princeton Cemetery in Princeton.


His brother Lucius Horatio Stockton served as U.S. Attorney for the District of New Jersey.

His son Commodore Robert F. Stockton was the Military Governor of California who defeated the Mexican army in 1846. He later became a Senator from New Jersey like his father before him.

His daughter Annie Stockton was the first wife of U.S. Senator John Renshaw Thomson.


United States Senate
Preceded by
Frederick Frelinghuysen
U.S. Senator (Class 2) from New Jersey
November 12, 1796 March 4, 1799
Served alongside: John Rutherfurd, Franklin Davenport
Succeeded by
Jonathan Dayton
United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
Adam Boyd, Lewis Condict, Jacob Hufty, George C. Maxwell, James Morgan, Thomas Newbold
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New Jersey's 2nd congressional district

March 4, 1813 March 4, 1815
alongside (At-large): James Schureman
Succeeded by
Benjamin Bennet, Henry Southard
Party political offices
Preceded by
John Eager Howard
Federalist Party nominee for
Vice President of the United States

Succeeded by
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