Ibn Sa'd

Muhammad ibn Sa'd ibn Mani' al-Hashimi
Title Katib al-Waqidi
Born 784 CE (168 AH)
Died 16 February 845 (aged 61) (230 AH)[1][2]
Era Islamic golden age
Religion Islam
Jurisprudence Muʿtazila[3][4]
Notable work(s) Book of the Major Classes

Abū ‘Abd Allāh Muḥammad ibn Sa‘d ibn Manī‘ al-Baṣrī al-Hāshimī kātib al-Wāqidī[5] or simply Ibn Sa'd (Arabic: ابن سعد) and nicknamed "Scribe of Waqidi" (Katib al-Waqidi), was a scholar and Arabian biographer. Ibn Sa'd was born in 784 CE (168 AH)[6] and died in 845 CE (230 AH).[6] Ibn Sa'd was from Basra,[1] but lived mostly in Baghdad, hence the nisba al-Basri and al-Baghdadi respectively. He is said to have died at the age of 62 in Baghdad and was buried in the cemetery of the Syrian gate. Ibn Sa'd was also a proponent of the Muʿtazila doctrine of the created Quran and supported the king Al-Ma'mun's stance on the matter.[7]

The Major Classes

The Book of the Major Classes (Arabic: Kitab Tabaqat Al-Kubra) is a compendium of biographical information about famous Islamic personalities. This eight-volume work contains the lives of Muhammad, his Companions and Helpers, including those who fought at the Battle of Badr as a special class, and of the following generation, the Followers, who received their traditions from the Companions. Ibn Sa'd's authorship of this work is attested in a postscript to the book added by a later writer. In this notice he is described as a "client of al-Husayn ibn ‘Abdullah of the ‘Abbasid family".[8]


Published editions



See also


  1. 1 2 Ibn Hajar, Taqrib al-Tahdhib
  2. Encyclopedia of Islam, Vol. 1, p.546, Edition. I, 1964
  3. Muhammad in History, Thought, and Culture, ABC-CLIO, p. 277
  4. The Literature of Islam, The Scarecrow Press, p. 107
  5. Fück, J.W. (1960). "Ibn Saʿd". Encyclopedia of Islam (2 ed.). Brill. ISBN 9789004161214. Retrieved 2015-11-05.
  6. 1 2 MM. "Imamate". Al-islam.org. Retrieved 2010-05-19.
  7. Muhammad in History, Thought, and Culture, ABC-CLIO, p. 278
  8. "Muhammad Ibn Sa'ad Ibn al-Hyder Abadee Blogspot". Ibnalhyderabadee.blogspot.com. 2006-04-20. Retrieved 2010-05-19.
  9. Demiri, Lejla (2013). Muslim Exegesis of the Bible in Medieval Cairo: Najm al-Dīn al-Ṭūfī’s (d. 716/1316) Commentary on the Christian Scriptures. BRILL. p. 549. ISBN 978-90-04-24320-0. Retrieved 2015-11-05.
  10. Naveed S, PA. "Ibn Sa'd's Kitab Al-Tabaqat Al-Kabir Vols. 1 & 2". Islamicbookstore.com. Retrieved 2010-05-19.

Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "article name needed". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 

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