Trúc Lâm

Trúc Lâm Yên Tử (竹林安子), or simply Trúc Lâm ("Bamboo Grove"), is a Vietnamese Thiền (i.e. zen) sect. It is the only native school of Buddhism in Vietnam. The school was founded by Emperor Trần Nhân Tông (1258–1308) showing influence from Confucian and Taoist philosophy. Trúc Lâm's prestige later waned as Confucianism became dominant in the royal court.

A revival was attempted by later adherents including Ngô Thì Nhậm (1746–1803) during the Tay Son dynasty.[1] Nhậm attempted to harmonize the "Three teachings" of Buddhism, Confucianism and Taoism.[2][3][4]


  1. Tài Thư Nguyẽ̂n The History of Buddhism in Vietnam Vol. III D.5 2008 Page 210 "Ngo Thi Nham thought that by following the Truc Lam Ch'an sect, he and his comrades would be able to put their ideas into practice and enhance their ... According to Ngo Thi Nham, both doctrines were equally vital for human spiritual life."
  2. Serguei A. Blagov Caodaism: Vietnamese Traditionalism and Its Leap Into Modernity 2001 Page 2 "When Caodaist movement emerged, the concept of "Three teachings" - Buddhism, Confucianism and Taoism - had an ... Another prominent scholar Ngo Thi Nham also endeavored to harmonize Three teachings."
  3. Minh Chi, Văn Tâń Hà, Tài Thu Nguyêñ Buddhism in Vietnam: from its origins to the 19th century 1993 Page 171
  4. George Edson Dutton The Tây Sơn Uprising: Society and Rebellion in Eighteenth-century Vietnam 2006 Page 278
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