Albinus of Angers
|Saint Albinus of Angers|
Saint Albinus at the Third Council of Orléans
c. 470 AD|
Roman Catholic Church|
|Major shrine||Saint-Aubin, Angers|
|Patronage||invoked against pirate attacks|
Saint Albinus of Angers (French: Saint-Aubin) (c. 470 – March 1, 550) was a French abbot and bishop. Born to a noble Gallo-Roman family at Vannes, Brittany, St. Albinus was a monk and from 504 C.E. Abbot of Tintillac (which no longer stands; its location has not been satisfactorily identified). His reputation spread during the twenty-five years in which he served as abbot. In 529, St. Albinus was elected, against his wishes, Bishop of Angers.
He campaigned against incestuous weddings, such as those that occurred between members of the nobility. He participated in the Third Council of Orléans (538) after King Childebert granted permission for this council to take place. Albinus sought advice from St. Caesarius of Arles after seeing laxity in other bishops.
Tradition states that he helped all in distress, using diocesan funds to free hostages from pirates. Another tradition states that he clashed with King Childebert, who had imprisoned a woman called Etherie, from Douille near Angers. Unable to secure her release Albinus visited her in prison, and the soldier who tried to resist him fell dead at his feet. This so impressed the king that he allowed St. Albinus to bail her out.
Death and burial
St. Albinus died in 550 and was buried in the church of Saint-Pierre at Angers. In 556, a church was dedicated to him and his body was buried in its crypt. Near this church an abbey arose, called Saint-Aubin.
St. Gregory of Tours remarks on the cult of St. Albinus, which later became diffused in Germany, England, and Poland, making St. Albinus a popular saint during the Middle Ages. St. Venantius Fortunatus, a near contemporary, wrote a life of this saint.
Churches were dedicated to him right across the continent as far as Poland, and he was sometimes seen as the patron saint for protection from pirate attack. This may have been based on the tradition that he bought back parishioners who had been taken captive by pirates sailing up the Loire river. Later the tradition was reinforced by a miracle recorded in the 10th century, when the walled town of Guérande, near the mouth of the Loire, prayed to St. Albinus for help and found their attackers miraculously defeated.
In the Middle Ages, Nicholas Belfort notably wrote describing miracles performed at the tomb of St. Aubin after the year 1000 AD. Belfort was a Regular Canon in the monastery of St John the Baptist by the city of Soissons.
Thus, his fame increased and many coastal villages chose Aubin as their patron saint. Presumably this is the reason why St. Aubin in Jersey bears his name, preserving the name of an ancient chapel that has long since disappeared. St. Aubin is venerated there in the Anglican church of St Aubin on the Hill. (See Saint-Aubin for other places named for him.)
St. Albinus' feast day is celebrated on March 1.
THE LIFE OF ST. AUBIN by Venantius Fortunatus, translated by John Dodd
- Author's Prologue
- Chapter 1: Aubin the monk (later the abbot) renowned for his miracles
- Chapter 2 Aubin is honoured by King Childebert and by many miracles through God's grace.
- Chapter 3: More miracles of St Aubin – his death and his translation
- Notes on the Text
THE MIRACLES OF ST AUBIN by Nicholas Belfort, translated by John Dodd
- Chapter 1 Madmen are healed at St Aubin's Tomb – Sacred Healing of Fever
- Chapter II The remarkable case of the paralysis of a certain pious man who after seven years was healed at St Aubin's tomb.
- Chapter III Victory over the enemy by the good offices of Saint Aubin – the habit of swearing is rebuked.
THE LIFE OF ST AUBIN – DETAILS ON SOURCES by John Dodd
- Chapter I: The Age of St Aubin – his birth and monastic life
- Chapter II The Miracles of St Aubin and his Translation
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- Information about St. Aubin
- (Italian) Sant' Albino di Angers
- "A Life of St. Aubin and His Times" by Rosemary Hampton
- Catholic Encyclopedia: Angers