Belarusian parliamentary election, 2016
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politics and government of
Parliamentary elections were held in Belarus on 11 September 2016.
The 110 members of the House of Representatives were previously elected using the two-round system. However, a new electoral code was introduced in 2013, abolishing the requirement for candidates to receive an absolute majority, effectively changing the voting system to first-past-the-post. All candidates are elected in single-member constituencies. However, if there is only one candidate, they are required to receive at least 50% of the votes cast (voters may also vote against all). Voter turnout in a constituency must be at least 50% for the election to be deemed valid.
|City of Minsk||20|
The pro-government Communist Party of Belarus, the Liberal Democratic Party, the Republican Party of Labour and Justice and the Belarusian Patriotic Party all participated in the elections, whilst many pro-government candidates ran as independents.
In contrast to the previous elections in 2012, the opposition did not boycott the elections, instead forming an alliance under the name Prava Vybora (The Right to Choose) consisting of the BPF Party, the Belarusian Christian Democracy, the Belarusian Social Democratic Party (Assembly), the Za svabodu movement, the United Civic Party of Belarus, the Belarusian Party "The Greens", the Belarusian Liberal Party of Freedom and Progress and the Trade Union of Electric Industry. The Belarusian Left Party "A Just World" also contested the elections.
|Party||Leader||Ideology||Position|| Number of participating |
|Liberal Democratic Party||Sergei Gaidukevich||Pan-Slavism||Constructive opposition (declarative)|
Pro-government (in fact)
|United Civic Party of Belarus||Anatoly Lebedko||Liberal conservatism||Part of the opposition alliance "The Right to Choose"||53|
|BPF Party||Alaksej Janukevich||Belarusian nationalism||Part of the opposition alliance "The Right to Choose"||45|
|Belarusian Left Party "A Just World"||Sergey Kalyakin||Democratic socialism||Opposition||37|
|Communist Party of Belarus||Igor Karpenko||Communism, Marxism–Leninism||Pro-government||36|
|Belarusian Social Democratic Party (Assembly)||Irina Veshtard||Social democracy||Part of the opposition alliance "The Right to Choose"||27|
|Republican Party of Labour and Justice||Vasil Zadnyaprany||Social democracy||Pro-government||16|
|Belarusian Patriotic Party||Nikolai Ulakhovich||Social justice||Pro-government||16|
|Belarusian Party "The Greens"||Aleh Novikaŭ||Green Politics||Part of the opposition alliance "The Right to Choose"||5|
The Central Election Commission stated that elections had been deemed valid in all constituencies. At the same time, independent observers declared that turnout data had been falsified in many constituencies, particularly in Minsk, and the real turnout was less than 50% required for the results in a constituency to be deemed valid.
The elections saw two opposition candidates win seats; Hanna Kanapatskaya, a member of the United Civic Party won in one of the Minsk constituencies, whilst independent candidate Alena Anisim won in a constituency in the Minsk Region. The other 93 independent candidates were considered to be pro-government. The Communist Party of Belarus, the Republican Party of Labour and Justice and the Belarusian Patriotic Party all support President Alexander Lukashenko, and although the Liberal Democratic Party declares to be "constructive democratic opposition", but it was de facto pro-government.
|Communist Party of Belarus||380,770||7.40||8||+5|
|Liberal Democratic Party||218,081||4.24||1||+1|
|Republican Party of Labour and Justice||147,378||2.87||3||+2|
|United Civic Party||111,227||2.16||1||+1|
|Belarusian Patriotic Party||111,045||2.16||3||New|
|Belarusian Left Party "A Just World"||72,185||1.40||0||0|
|Belarusian Social Democratic Party (Assembly)||66,381||1.29||0||0|
|Belarusian Party "The Greens"||9,038||0.18||0||New|
- Global electoral calendar NDI
- Electoral System Design data for Belarus IDEA
- Article 87. Repeated elections Electoral Code of the Republic of Belarus
- About Prava Vybora
- Оппозиционные коммунисты рассказали, с чем пойдут на выборы Tut, 20 June 2016 (Russian)
- Elections In Belarus: The Continuation Of A New Model? Belarus Digest
- Belarusian Opposition Prepares For The 2016 Parliamentary Elections Belarus Digest
- Formation Of Precinct Election Commissions - Digest Of The 2016 Parliamentary Elections Belarus Digest
- Nomination And Registration Of Candidates - Digest Of The 2016 Parliament Elections Belarus Digest