Donna J. Kossy|
September 8, 1957
since 1984 (zine)|
since 1994 (book)
|Subject||weird ideas and beliefs, "kooks", pseudoscience, fringe science, conspiracy theory, UFO, obscure books|
Strange Creations (2001)
Donna J. Kossy (born September 8, 1957) is a US writer, zine publisher, and online used book dealer based in Portland, Oregon. Specializing in the history of "forgotten, discredited and extreme ideas", which she calls "crackpotology and kookology", she is better known for her books Kooks: A Guide to the Outer Limits of Human Belief (1994, featuring the first biography of Francis E. Dec) and Strange Creations: Aberrant Ideas of Human Origins from Ancient Astronauts to Aquatic Apes (2001). Kossy was also the founder and curator of the Kooks Museum (1996–1999, online), and the editor-publisher of the magazine Book Happy (1997–2002, about "weird and obscure books").
Described by Wired as "an expert on kooks [who] has a genuine, if sometimes uncomfortable, affection for her subjects", Kossy wrote books reviewed in publications ranging from Fortean Times to New Scientist. Journalist Jonathan Vankin named her "the unchallenged authority on, well, kooks", and writer Bruce Sterling noted that she "boldly blazes new trails in the vast intellectual wilderness of American writers, thinkers and philosophers who were or are completely nuts".
Donna J. Kossy was born in 1957. She started doing zines in sixth grade, co-editing Kid Stuff with a friend: "It had gossip, fashions, poetry, jokes and even movie reviews. It sold for 5 cents. My mom typed it up and Xeroxed it at work!" After graduating college in 1979, Kossy became involved in punk culture via collage art, color xerox postcards and mail art.
At one time, Kossy was the housemate of fellow zine maker Pagan Kennedy. She attuned Chicago writer Dan Kelly to cult "kook" Francis E. Dec. In the early 1980s, she was part of the Processed World (PW) magazine, then romantically involved with anti-PW and ex-SubGenius anarchist Bob Black until 1987, moving with him to Boston in 1985.
In 1989, research for her Kooks Magazine led Kossy to abandon much of her other work. She is now married to Ken DeVries (a.k.a. Orton Nenslo), also a member of the Church of the SubGenius and contributor to their books, who provided some illustrations for her books and some articles for her website.
False Positive (1984–1988)
In 1984, Kossy started publishing False Positive (1984–1988), a Xeroxed zine which ran for eleven issues. Each issue focused on one topic (such as technology, sex, Japan, cars, crime, kooks, food & drugs) and featured related book excerpts, satire, collages, drawings, etc.
The zine and Kossy were quoted by Discordianism co-founder Kerry Thornley (alias Omar Khayyam Ravenhurst) in his 1991 foreword to the 5th edition of the Principia Discordia, reprinting the "Manifesto of the Artistic Elite of the Midwest". Kossy said that her "career as a crackpotologist" started there with the "Kooks Pages" within each issue and the two special all-kooks issues.
Kooks Magazine (1988–1991)
In 1988, Kossy started publishing Kooks Magazine (1988–1991), now using offset printing and running for eight issues. A spinoff of the kooks pages of her zine, it was in line with the 1988 book High Weirdness by Mail by SubGenius co-founder Rev. Ivan Stang (who later praised the collected book) and featured obscure "kooks" as well as some better-documented "cranks" such as reclusive Spider-Man co-creator Steve Ditko in its final issue (#8, November 1991).
In Factsheet Five, the zine magazine, founder-editor Mike Gunderloy described it as "A collection of bizarre literature and semi-scholarly research on kooks: those folks who have all the answers that science and the authorities have been trying to suppress. This issue features [...] progress towards a theory of kookdom." then reported one year later that it "keeps getting better; you can spend hours lost in the worldviews here." SubGenius and writer Richard Kadrey described it as "indispensable for anyone interested in the real bleeding edge of thought." Research for the topic even led Kossy to attend a recruitment meeting of Heaven's Gate (when it was calling itself Human Individual Metamorphosis), the group that ended in a 1997 mass suicide.
In 1994, Feral House published Kossy's first book, Kooks: A Guide to the Outer Limits of Human Belief, an anthology containing updated articles from her zine along with articles written exclusively for the book, with the cover illustration painted by her husband. Organized into seven parts (Religion, Science, Metaphysics, Politics, Conspiracy, Enigmas; plus Outtakes in the 2nd ed.), it documented the rants and ravings of "kooks" such as Richard Brothers (Anglo-Israelism alias British Israelism), Charles E. Buon (God's Envoy to the U.S.A.), Ray Crabtree (The Philosopher King), the first biography of Francis E. Dec (Your Only Hope against the Gangster Computer God), Professor Arnold Ehret (Mucusless Diet Healing System), Joe Gould alias Professor Seagull (The Longest Book Ever Written), Jim and Lila Green (Aggressive Christianity Missionary Training Corps), Hillman Holcomb (Well Regulated Militia of Christian Technocracy), Les U. Knight (Voluntary Human Extinction Movement), alien abductee artist Paul Laffoley (Third Generation Lunatic Fringe), Alfred Lawson (Lawsonomy: The Base for Absolute Knowledge), David Linton (How Men Can Have Babies), Emil Matalik (World/U.S. Presidential Candidate Since 1964), the MIT's crank files (The Archive of Useless Research), Rose Mokry (Jewish Poisoners Are the Sole Producers of All the Diseases, Sudden Deaths and Birth Defects), Dr. Cyrus Teed (not Cyrus Tweed) alias Koresh (Koreshanity: We Actually Live on the Inside of the Earth), black supremacist Dwight York alias Malachi Z. York et al. (Ansaaru Allah Community of Nuwaubianism), etc.
The book was praised as "a rich compendium of looniness" by the Los Angeles Times, "indispensable for anyone interested in the real cutting edge of thought" by the San Francisco Chronicle, and a "delight" by Fortean Times. In Factsheet Five, the new editor R. Seth Friedman recommended it with, "I've been anxiously awaiting this book ever since Donna Kossy told me about her plans several years ago. [...] Don't miss out on this book." Jay Kinney, publisher of Gnosis Magazine, found it "Compulsively readable. The 'kooks' collected in this volume are our true American originals and Donna Kossy chronicles their jaw-dropping messages with a rare mix of objectivity, sympathy, and wit." And a 1995 Wired review described Kossy as "an expert on kooks [who] has a genuine, if sometimes uncomfortable, affection for her subjects."
Kooks Outtakes (1995)
In 1995, Kooks Outtakes followed its namesake, being a 36-page supplement of material Kossy had left out for space reason; it was later merged with the second edition of the book in 2001, which the editor of Ink 19 praised, noting that "Kossy's style is direct and surprisingly unjudgemental. [...] Kossy is quite systematic in her research, and margin comments abound, along with a lush bibliography. This is serious stuff."
Kooks Museum (1996–1999)
In 1996, Kossy founded and curated on her web site the Kooks Museum (an online summary and extension of her book Kooks, updated until mid-1999 when it was discontinued and kept as an archive), explaining: "As curator and founder of the first Kooks Museum in history I am fulfilling a half-life-long goal of housing kook ideas from all over the world under one crumbling roof. [...] The point of all this excess is neither to debunk nor to proselytize. Rather, my intent is to document and study the vast cornucopia of forgotten, discredited and extreme ideas, with all due consideration to social and cultural context. Nor do I think all ideas are equally valid. Rather, I try to be both open-minded to and skeptical of them."
The Museum was listed in the MetroActive guide to "the most interesting, unusual, weird or otherwise alternative sites on the World Wide Web" by journalist and writer on conspiracies Jonathan Vankin, who named Kossy "the unchallenged authority on, well, kooks."
Book Happy (1997–2002)
In 1997, Kossy started editing and publishing Book Happy (1997–2002), a printed magazine which ran for seven issues. Written by Kossy and others (recurrent contributors includes Greg Bishop, Ken DeVries, Dan Howland, Dan Kelly, John Marr, Chris Mikul, David C. Morrison, Chip Rowe, Brian Tucker, Robert Tucker), it was dedicated to reviewing "weird and obscure books".
The magazine was complemented by her web site (later becoming its domain name) and the formation of Book Happy Booksellers () an online used book business specializing in unusual and hard-to-find items, with inventory listed on various book listing sites including Abebooks, Biblio, Alibris, Choosebooks and others. Book Happy was reviewed positively by English artist Mark Pawson (creator of Die-Cut Plug Wiring Diagram Book) in a 1999 review for the British cultural magazine Variant.
Strange Creations (2001)
In 2001, Feral House published Kossy's second full-length book, Strange Creations: Aberrant Ideas of Human Origins from Ancient Astronauts to Aquatic Apes (right after reprinting Kooks in an expanded edition). As of August 1998, Kossy had already announced the manuscript for her second book as being finished (with a tentative title balancing between "Aberrant Anthropology" and "Nazis, Saucers and Aquatic Apes") and its publication at Feral House scheduled for "Fall, 1999"; it would however be two more years before the actual release.
Organized into seven parts (Extraterrestrial Origins, De-evolution, Race, Eugenics, Creationism, The Aquatic Ape Theory, and Urantia/Szukalski/H.I.M.), the book documented the fringe and pseudoscientific theories of "crackpots" such as David Barclay (mankind as dinosaurs pets), Helena Blavatsky (The Seven Root Races of Theosophy), Darwin's cousin Francis Galton (inventor of eugenics against regression toward the mean), Henry H. Goddard (inventor of moronism with The Kallikak Family), Madison Grant (Nordicism and scientific racism), Finnvald Hedin (The Thorians), Brinsley Le Poer Trench (UFOs from Hollow Earth), slave trader Edward Long (Polygenism: Man Comes From God, Negroes Come From Apes), Oscar Kiss Maerth (The Beginning Was the End: ape brain cannibalism), Alfred W. McCann (creationism), Elaine Morgan (aquatic ape hypothesis), Raël (creation by extraterrestrials), B. H. Shadduck (de-evolution), Zecharia Sitchin (ancient astronauts), Lothrop Stoddard (Pan-Aryanism and racial purity), Stanisław Szukalski (Zermatism: post-deluge Easter Island vs. Yetis), the Urantia Book (intelligent design by Life Carriers), George Van Tassel (Space Brothers aliens), Erich von Däniken (Ancient Astronauts from the Chariots of the Gods?), etc.
The book was praised from Fortean Times to Booklist and from the Washington City Paper to Counterpoise. In a mixed review, the New Scientist noted that "Donna Kossy's Strange Creatures [sic!] is about people who have spent rather more time on these problems than most, visiting some of the weirder reaches of the human imagination". And Rev. Ivan Stang remarked: "To write entertainingly for 'nonkooks' about so-called kooks, crackpots, and possible visionaries requires walking a tightrope between tolerant understanding of 'outsider' psychology and graceful sarcasm, balancing both a solid grounding in the mainstream scientific paradigm, and a healthy distrust of the status quo."
Science-fiction writer Bruce Sterling, who also touched upon online cranks in his essay "Electronic Text", commented that "Donna Kossy boldly blazes new trails in the vast intellectual wilderness of American writers, thinkers, and philosophers who were or are completely nuts. Kooks ranks with such sociological classics as Mackay's Extraordinary Popular Delusions and Dudley's Mathematical Cranks. This, for obvious reasons, is a book which every science fiction writer should possess." In her own words, Kossy has stated, "I seek not to debunk strange ideas, but to present them as a necessary segment of the full spectrum of human thought."
Kossy is currently focused on her bookselling business and from November 2007 to September 2008 wrote a blog, "The Cutthroat World of Book Scouting" (http://bookhappy.easyjournal.com), which chronicled her experiences in the book trade.
- 1984–1988: False Positive #1–11 (aka False Positive Magazine)
- 1988–1991: Kooks Magazine #1–8 (alias The Original Donna Kossy's Kooks Magazine for #1–4)
- 1997–2002: Book Happy #1–7 (aka Book Happy Magazine)
- 1994: Kooks: A Guide to the Outer Limits of Human Belief
- Portland, OR: Feral House. ISBN 0-922915-19-9 (1st ed. pbk., 254 p., May 1994, LCCN 96-195497) and ISBN 0-922915-20-2 (1st ed. hbk., 254 p., May 1994). Reissued by Los Angeles: Feral House, ISBN 978-0-922915-67-5 (2nd exp. ed. pbk., 287 p., May 2001) — Collects material from her Kooks Magazine. The 2nd ed. was expanded with 1995's Kooks Outtakes.
- 1995: Kooks Outtakes [supplement]
- 8½" × 11", 36 p. – Material cut from Kooks due to space, later added to its 2nd edition.
- 1996: The Kooks Museum [online]
- Web site (OCLC 77656278), updated 1996–1999 (archived mid-1999), formerly at www.teleport.com/~dkossy, now at http://web.archive.org/web/20080215015348/http://www.pacifier.com/~dkossy/kooksmus.html — Updated summary and extension of Kooks.
- 2001: Strange Creations: Aberrant Ideas of Human Origins from Ancient Astronauts to Aquatic Apes
- Los Angeles: Feral House. ISBN 978-0-922915-65-1 (1st ed. pbk., 264 (x, 253) p., June 2001).
- Similar books
- Extraordinary Popular Delusions (1841), Charles Mackay's debunking of popular folly
- Fads and Fallacies in the Name of Science (1957), Martin Gardner's scientific skepticism
- Mathematical Cranks (1992) and The Trisectors (1996), Underwood Dudley's crank math books
Main sources used for this article:
- Bagato, Jeff (2002). "Kooks Chronicles: Strange Creations" (book review), Washington City Paper, May 17–23, 2002 (Vol. 22, #20)
- Bennett, Colin (2001). "Strange Creations / Kooks" (book reviews), Fortean Times Online, May 2001
- Feral House (2009). "Kooks", feralhouse.com, consulted in March 2009
- Feral House (2009). "Strange Creations", feralhouse.com, consulted in March 2009
- Gale Reference Team (2007). "Biography – Kossy, Donna J. (1957–)", Contemporary Authors, Thomson-Gale, December 16, 2007 (pay article via Amazon.com) – Not consulted, but title provides birth date
- Kossy, Donna (1998). "Introduction to the Kooks Museum" at the Wayback Machine (archived December 3, 1998), updated August 17, 1998, at the old teleport.com/~dkossy – The introduction text was probably written in 1996, but this is the oldest snapshot.
- Kossy, Donna (1999). "The Kooks Museum Gift Shoppe" at the Wayback Machine (archived February 10, 1999), at the old teleport.com/~dkossy – Holds pull quotes and bibliographical data.
- Kossy, Donna (2009). "Not Yet Asked Questions", consulted in March 2009
- Kossy, Donna (2009). "Ordering Information", consulted in March 2009 – Some bibliographical data.
- Turnaround (2009). "Kooks (2nd Edition)", Turnaround Publisher Services, www.turnaround-uk.com, consulted in March 2009
- Van Bakel, Rogier (1995). "Street Cred: A Guide to the Outer Limits of Human Belief" (book review), Wired, Issue 3.09, September 1995
- Vankin, Jonathan (1996). "The Kooks Museum" at the Wayback Machine (archived June 17, 1997), CyberScape: AlterNodes, MetroActive (online version of Metro Silicon Valley), 1996
- Zines (1997). "Donna Kossy, Kooks" (interview), The Book of Zines, www.zinebook.com, 1997
- FOIA (2000). "Federal Bureau of Investigation – Freedom of Information Act – Case Log January, 2000 through December 31, 2000", The Memory Hole, www.thememoryhole.org, consulted in March 2009 – Shows that Kossy was granted a FOIA from the FBI about Kenneth Goff (alias Oliver Kenneth Goff, 1909–1972; self-alleged ex-member of the Communist Party, proponent of the water fluoridation conspiracy theory, and one of the two possible authors, along Scientology founder L. Ron Hubbard, of the Brainwashing Manual).
- Gale Reference Team (2007). "Biography – Kossy, Donna J. (1957–)", Contemporary Authors, Thomson-Gale, December 16, 2007 (pay article via Amazon.com)
- Kossy 1998, "Introduction to the Kooks Museum".
- Zines 1997.
- Van Bakel 1995.
- Vankin 1996.
- Turnaround, "Kooks".
- Gale 2007.
- Blume, Harvey (1996). "Zine Queen: Pagan Kennedy on zines in the age of Web" (p. 2), Wired, Issue 4.01, January 1996.
- Kelly, Dan (2005). "I've grown accustomed to your rants", Chicago Journal, February 2, 2005
- Black, Bob (1989). "Bomb 'Em If They Can't Take a Joke", 1989, reprinted at www.inspiracy.com/black (from the other side, also reprinted and discussed at SubGenius.com)
- Friedman, R. Seth (1994). "Kooks: A Guide to the Outer Limits of Human Belief" (review), Factsheet Five, No. 52, July 1994, ISSN 0890-6823, p. 44: "I've been anxiously awaiting this book ever since Donna Kossy told me about her plans several years ago. I was first introduced to the intriguing phenomena of kooks in her first zine False Positive. In 1989 she abandoned much of her other work in order to produce Kooks Magazine, completely devoted to documenting the ideas of people whose visions of the world don't correlate with the rest of us. It will take most people months to get through this entire 253-page volume just as it took her years to create it. [...] Don't miss out on this book. It's the one chance you'll get to find out how 'men can have babies' and if JFK is still alive."
- Thornley, Kerry (1991). "Fifth Edition Introduction", in Principia Discordia, January 23, 1991, online copy at www.cs.cmu.edu/~tilt/principia
- Kossy, "Ordering Information".
- Stang, Ivan. "The Best Book on Real KOOKS", www.subgenius.com
- Ditko Fever. "Kooks Magazine #8", www.ditko-fever.com, consulted in March 2009
- Gunderloy, Mike (1989). "The Original Donna Kossy's Kooks Magazine #4" (notice), Factsheet Five, No. 32, October 1989, ISSN 0890-6823, p. 45.
- Gunderloy, Mike (1990). "Kooks Magazine #6" (notice), Factsheet Five, No. 38, October 1990, ISSN 0890-6823, p. 34.
- Kadrey, Richard (1998). "Kooks" (review), CyberCulture Zone: Resources: Zines, Street Tech, www.streettech.com, copyright 1998 – Original date and place of publication unclear: issue #5 is mentioned as if recent, which would be around 1990–1991.
- Bagato 2000.
- Feral House, "Kooks", citing this September 18, 1994 book review.
- Powell's Books, "Kooks" (sale page)
- Bennet 2001.
- Kossy 1999, "The Kooks Museum Gift Shoppe".
- Koss, Ian (2001). "Kooks, by Donna Kossy" (review), Ink 19, August 2001, www.ink19.com
- Kossy, "Not Yet Asked Questions".
- Pawson, Mark (1999). "Comic and Zine reviews" at the Wayback Machine (archived January 21, 2004), Variant magazine (Glasgow, Scotland), ISSN 0954-8815, vol. 2, no. 9 (Winter 1999/2000), online copy at www.variant.randomstate.org (www.variant.org.uk)
- Quoted in "Strange Creations" at Amazon.com.
- Feral House, "Strange Creations".
- Herbert, Roy (2001). "Where did we come from?" (book review), New Scientist 2307:49, September 8, 2001.
- Kossy in Strange Creations (2001).
- AbeBooks (2009). "Author: Donna Kossy, Title: Kooks Magazine" (search results), www.abebooks.com, consulted in March 2009 – Bibliographical data of the full run (8 issues) for sale.
- AbeBooks (2009). "Author: Donna Kossy, Title: Book Happy" (search results), www.abebooks.com, consulted in March 2009 – Bibliographical data of the full run (7 issues) for sale.
- Undated interview, 1997 assumed: the mention "age 39" implies 1996–1997 (added to birth year 1957); the mention "I recently started a new zine now called Book Happy" implies 1997 (first issue).
- Book-Happy.com – Donna Kossy's official website (redirected to pacifier.com/~dkossy)
- Book Happy Booksellers at AbeBooks
- Donna Kossy at Facebook
- Archived February 15, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. The Kooks Museum