Gamo is the name of the Ethiopian ethnic group who speak the Gamo language. The name "Gamo" means a lion, which refers to their legacy; along with the Goffa, they gave their names to the former Gamo-Gofa province of Ethiopia. The 2007 Ethiopian national census reported that 1,107,163 people (or 1.5% of the population) identified themselves as Gamos, of whom 141,233 were urban inhabitants. The Southern Nations, Nationalities, and People's Region is home to 94.5% of this people.
- "Census 2007, Country Level", Table 3.1
- Dena Freeman, "From Warrior to Wife: Cultural Transformation in the Gamo Highlands of Ethiopia", Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute, 8 (2002), pp. 23–44