Ganale Doria River

This article is about the river in Ethiopia. For the dam in Somalia, see Ganale Doria.
Ganale Doria River

Map of the Jubba/Shebelle drainage basin
Country Ethiopia
River mouth Jubba River
4°10′42″N 42°04′48″E / 4.1784°N 42.0801°E / 4.1784; 42.0801Coordinates: 4°10′42″N 42°04′48″E / 4.1784°N 42.0801°E / 4.1784; 42.0801
Physical characteristics
Length 858 km (533 mi)

The Ganale Doria River (also transliterated as Genale Dorya) is a perennial river in southeastern Ethiopia. Rising in the mountains east of Aleta Wendo, the Ganale flows south and east to join with the Dawa at the border with Somalia to become the Jubba. Tributaries include the Welmel, Weyib (also known as Gestro), Dumale, Doya, Hawas and the Hambala. The Del Verme Falls is a notable feature of its middle course.

According to materials published by the Ethiopian Central Statistical Agency, the Ganale has a total length of 858 km (533 mi), of which 480 km (300 mi) are inside that country.[1] The Ethiopian Ministry of Water Resources, describes the catchment area of the Ganale Dorya-Dawa river basin as 171,050 km2 (66,040 sq mi) in size, with an annual runoff of 5.80 billion cubic metres (205×10^9 cu ft), and specific discharge of 1.2 litres per second (0.042 cu ft/s) per square kilometre.[2] The catchment area is estimated as having the potential to irrigate 1,070 km2 (410 sq mi), and to generate 9270 gigawatt-hours per year.[3]

The river Ganale was renamed Ganale Doria by the Italian explorer Vittorio Bottego after the Italian biologist Giacomo Doria.[4]

The Genale Doria is historically important because it served as the boundary between Sidamo and Bale Provinces. The confluence of the Ganale Doria with the Dawa is notable as the starting point for the boundary between Ethiopia and Kenya to the west, and the starting point for the boundary between Ethiopia and Somalia to the east.[5] The Battle of Genale Doria was fought to the south of its course.


  1. "Climate, 2008 National Statistics (Abstract)", Table A.1. Central Statistical Agency website (accessed 26 December 2009)
  2. "Water Sector Development Program: Main Report, Volume II", Ethiopia Ministry of Water Resources (2002), p. 12
  3. "Nature and Features of the Ethiopian River Basins: Table 6.1, Simple Parameters Indicating the Potential of the Basin", Ethiopian Ministry of Water Resources (accessed 12 February 2009)
  4. V. Bottego, Il Giuba esplorato, Roma 1895; A. Donaldson Smith, Through unknown African Countries, Londra 1897; I. N. Dracopoli, Through Jubaland to the Lorian Swamp, Londra 1914; C. Citerni e L. Vannutelli, L'Omo. Viaggio di esplorazione nell'Africa orientale, Milano 1899; R. Governo della Somalia Italiana, Il Giuba, Torino s. a. [1926]; id., La Vallata del Giuba, Torino s. a. [1927]; Commissariato generale dell'Oltre Giuba, Notizie sul territorio di riva destra del Giuba, Roma 1927.
  5. See, for example, "Ethiopia – Kenya Boundary", U.S. State Department International Boundary Study, No. 152 – October 15, 1975

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