Georgian nationality law

Georgian nationality law is the law governing the acquisition, transmission and loss of Georgian citizenship.

Naturalization as a Georgian citizen

Anyone who has stayed in Georgia for a total period of five years may apply for a Georgian citizenship. The applicant will be asked to undergo a language proficiency test which will also test the G.K. (general knowledge) of the applicant about the history and the heritage of Georgia.

Citizenship through marriage

The Georgian citizenship may be applied after the second marriage anniversary. The couple should still be together and having a child would strengthen the case.

Temporary Residence permit

Anyone who enters the Georgian states with a valid visa / travel document may ask for a temporary residence permit which may extend up to a period of 6 years. The decision of giving the residence permit is totally up to the City Hall of the corresponding area. Generally people who come for medical treatment or business are warmly welcomed.

Permanent residence permit

Anyone who has stayed a period of 6 years in Georgia with a temporary residence permit may apply for a permanent residence permit.

Visas and Residence permit

Foreign staff of diplomatic missions and consular posts, as well as similar representations accredited to Georgia need visas for their first entry to the territory of Georgia. During their accreditation period they stay in the country and cross the border on the basis of an accreditation card issued according to the determined rule of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Georgia, if other is not provided by international obligation.

In cases determined by the Georgian legislation a visa/entry permit for up 90 days (visa fee 50 GEL) or for 360 days (visa fee 100 GEL) can be issued by the Patrol Police of Georgia (sub-divisional institution of the Ministry of Internal Affairs) at border crossing points situated at the Georgian State Border.

The basis for the stay of an alien in Georgia is a visa or residence permit (permanent or temporary) if other is not provided by this law and international treaties of Georgia.

Visa requirements for entering the Georgian territory

The citizens of Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and foreign nationals, who permanently reside in the United States, the Republic of Lithuania, Swiss Confederation, Germany, Republic of Korea, Czech Republic, Republic of Hungary, Republic of Poland, Republic of Slovenia, Kingdom of Denmark, Republic of Ireland, Kingdom of Norway, Kingdom of Sweden, Kingdom of Spain, Republic of Bulgaria, Slovak Republic, Republic of Romania, United Mexican States, Republic of Estonia and the Republic of Latvia and possess a document certifying permanent residence in one of these countries, do not need a visa to enter and stay in the territory of Georgia up to 360 days.

Foreign nationals, who have temporary residence document and reside in the territory of Qatar, Sultanate of Oman, Kingdom of Bahrain and State of Kuwait do not need a visa to enter and stay in the territory of Georgia up to 360 days. The citizens of Russian Federation and foreign nationals residing in Kindom of Saudi Arabia having valid resident permit do not need a visa to enter and stay in the territory of Georgia up to 90 days. The citizens of the member states of European Union can enter Georgia on the basis of the Identity Card.

Foreign nationals who are holders of the United Nations', or its specialized agencies', travel documents (Laissez-Passer), can enter or stay in the territory of Georgia without a visa up to 90 days.

Special citizenship

An application is to be written to the president of Georgia. He has the right to grant the Georgian citizenship to anyone. The president of Georgia can grant citizenship to a citizen of a foreign country, dual citizenship, if he finds him important to the national interest of the state of Georgia. Thus, by decree of the president of Georgia, the foreign citizen who had been granted the citizenship of Georgia by declaration of the president will keep his foreign citizenship, dual citizenship, that was allowed for Georgian citizen only in this specific case. This way of granting Georgian citizenship also became a way for the president to enable Georgian citizens in the past, who left Georgia during the Soviet era, and their descendants who had been born out of Georgia, to reunite with their homestate and reconnect with their origin, which was also considered as a national goal and the state interest.

Keeping in consideration that granting the citizenship to a particular person is beneficial for Georgia, such special citizenship is granted without the need of fulfilling the 'residence and language' requirements.

Travel freedom

Visa requirements for Georgian citizens

A Georgian citizen may travel visa-free to 67 countries (as of 17.11.2013), although the EU Schengen states are not among these 67. A visa-free action plan is in progress after which the Georgian nationals will be allowed to visit the 28 Schengen EU states for a period of 90 days in every 180 days or 6 months in a year.

In 2016, Georgian citizens had visa-free or visa on arrival access to 67 countries and territories, ranking the Georgian passport 71st in the world according to the Visa Restrictions Index.


    This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 11/1/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.