List of federal judges appointed by James Buchanan

President Buchanan.
Buchanan's only Supreme Court appointee, Nathan Clifford.

Following is a list of all United States federal judges appointed by President James Buchanan during his presidency.[1] In total Buchanan appointed eight federal judges, including one Associate Justice to the Supreme Court of the United States, and seven judges to the United States district courts. Buchanan appointed no judges to the United States circuit courts during his time in office.

United States Supreme Court Justices

JudgeSeatStateBegan active
Ended active
Nathan Clifford Seat 2 Maine January 12, 1858 July 25, 1881

District courts

JudgeCourtBegan active
Ended active
Asa Biggs D. N.C. May 13, 1858 April 3, 1861
John Cadwalader E.D. Pa. April 24, 1858 January 26, 1879
Matthew Deady D. Or. March 9, 1859 March 24, 1893
William Giles Jones N.D. Ala.
S.D. Ala.
September 29, 1859[2] January 12, 1861
Wilson McCandless W.D. Pa. February 8, 1859 July 24, 1876
Rensselaer Russell Nelson D. Minn. May 20, 1858 May 16, 1896
William Davis Shipman D. Conn. March 12, 1860 April 16, 1873

Specialty courts

United States Court of Claims

Judge Began active
Ended active
Gilchrist, John JamesJohn James Gilchrist18551858
Scarburgh, George ParkerGeorge Parker Scarburgh18551861



    1. All information on the names, terms of service, and details of appointment of federal judges is derived from the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public-domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center.
    2. Recess appointment; formally nominated on January 23, 1860, confirmed by the United States Senate on January 30, 1860, and received commission on January 30, 1860.


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