List of federal judges appointed by William Howard Taft
Following is a list of all United States federal judges appointed by President William Howard Taft during his presidency. In total Taft appointed 57 federal judges, including five Justices to the Supreme Court of the United States and the elevation of another to Chief Justice, thirteen judges to the United States Courts of Appeals, and 38 judges to the United States district courts. Taft also appointed judges to various specialty courts, including the first five appointees each to the United States Commerce Court and the United States Court of Customs Appeals. The Commerce Court was abolished in 1913; Taft was thus the only President to appoint judges to that body.
United States Supreme Court Justices
|Hughes, Charles EvansCharles Evans Hughes||Seat 6||New York||May 2, 1910||June 10, 1916||–|
|Lamar, Joseph RuckerJoseph Rucker Lamar||Seat 3||Georgia||December 17, 1910||January 2, 1916||–|
|Lurton, Horace HarmonHorace Harmon Lurton||Seat 1||Tennessee||December 20, 1909||July 12, 1914||–|
|Pitney, MahlonMahlon Pitney||Seat 8||New Jersey||March 13, 1912||December 31, 1922||–|
|Van Devanter, WillisWillis Van Devanter||Seat 4||Wyoming||December 16, 1910||June 2, 1937||February 8, 1941|
|White, Edward DouglassEdward Douglass White||Chief Justice||Louisiana||December 12, 1910||May 19, 1921||–|
Courts of Appeals
|Archbald, Robert W.Robert W. Archbald||Third||January 31, 1911||January 13, 1913||–|
|Carland, John EmmettJohn Emmett Carland||Eighth||January 31, 1911||November 11, 1922||–|
|Denison, Arthur CarterArthur Carter Denison||Sixth||March 2, 1911||December 31, 1931||–|
|Dodge, FredericFrederic Dodge||First||July 23, 1912||June 30, 1918||–|
|Hunt, William HenryWilliam Henry Hunt||Ninth||February 8, 1911||January 31, 1928||November 30, 1928|
|Knapp, Martin A.Martin A. Knapp||Second||December 20, 1910||February 10, 1923||–|
|Knappen, Loyal EdwinLoyal Edwin Knappen||Sixth||January 31, 1910||April 15, 1924||May 14, 1930|
|Lanning, William M.William M. Lanning||Third||May 18, 1909||February 16, 1912||–|
|Mack, JulianJulian Mack||Seventh||January 31, 1911||September 6, 1940||–|
|McPherson, John BayardJohn Bayard McPherson||Third||April 3, 1912||January 20, 1919||–|
|Schofield, WilliamWilliam Schofield||First||June 6, 1911||June 10, 1912||–|
|Smith, Walter I.Walter I. Smith||Eighth||January 31, 1911||January 27, 1922||–|
|Warrington, John WesleyJohn Wesley Warrington||Sixth||March 16, 1909||October 6, 1919||May 26, 1921|
|Angell, Alexis CaswellAlexis Caswell Angell||E.D. Mich.||March 2, 1911||June 1, 1912||–|
|Bean, Robert S.Robert S. Bean||D. Or.||April 28, 1909||January 7, 1931||–|
|Bourquin, George M.George M. Bourquin||D. Mont.||March 8, 1912||March 9, 1934||November 15, 1958|
|Carpenter, George AlbertGeorge Albert Carpenter||N.D. Ill.||January 11, 1910||June 30, 1933||–|
|Cheney, John MosesJohn Moses Cheney||S.D. Fla.||August 26, 1912||March 3, 1913||–|
|Connor, Henry G.Henry G. Connor||E.D.N.C.||May 25, 1909||November 23, 1924||–|
|Cushman, Edward E.Edward E. Cushman||W.D. Wash.||May 1, 1912||November 3, 1939||January 25, 1944|
|Day, William LouisWilliam Louis Day||N.D. Ohio||May 9, 1911||May 1, 1914||–|
|Denison, Arthur CarterArthur Carter Denison||W.D. Mich.||January 31, 1910||October 3, 1911||–|
|Donworth, GeorgeGeorge Donworth||W.D. Wash.||May 18, 1909||March 20, 1912||–|
|Elliott, James DouglasJames Douglas Elliott||D.S.D.||June 7, 1911||January 30, 1933||–|
|Geiger, Ferdinand AugustFerdinand August Geiger||E.D. Wis.||March 20, 1912||May 22, 1939||–|
|Grubb, William IrwinWilliam Irwin Grubb||N.D. Ala.||May 18, 1909||October 27, 1935||–|
|Hand, LearnedLearned Hand||S.D.N.Y.||April 26, 1909||December 29, 1924||–|
|Hollister, Howard ClarkHoward Clark Hollister||S.D. Ohio||March 7, 1910||September 24, 1919||–|
|Howard, Clinton WoodburyClinton Woodbury Howard||W.D. Wash.||August 26, 1912||March 3, 1913||–|
|Hundley, Oscar RichardOscar Richard Hundley||N.D. Ala.||March 6, 1909||May 25, 1909||–|
|Killits, John MiltonJohn Milton Killits||N.D. Ohio||June 24, 1910||October 6, 1928||September 13, 1938|
|Mayer, Julius MarshuetzJulius Marshuetz Mayer||S.D.N.Y.||February 26, 1912||October 13, 1921||–|
|Morton, Jr., James MadisonJames Madison Morton, Jr.||D. Mass.||August 12, 1912||January 19, 1932||–|
|Orr, Charles PrentissCharles Prentiss Orr||W.D. Pa.||April 8, 1909||May 16, 1922||–|
|Pope, William HayesWilliam Hayes Pope||D.N.M.||February 20, 1912||September 13, 1916||–|
|Purdy, Milton DwightMilton Dwight Purdy||D. Minn.||March 6, 1909||May 1, 1909||–|
|Rasch, Carl L.Carl L. Rasch||D. Mont.||May 2, 1910||October 15, 1911||–|
|Rellstab, JohnJohn Rellstab||D.N.J.||May 18, 1909||October 10, 1928||September 22, 1930|
|Rose, John CarterJohn Carter Rose||D. Md.||April 4, 1910||December 26, 1922||–|
|Rudkin, Frank H.Frank H. Rudkin||E.D. Wash.||January 31, 1911||January 17, 1923||–|
|Russell, Gordon J.Gordon J. Russell||E.D. Tex.||June 6, 1910||September 14, 1919||–|
|Sessions, Clarence W.Clarence W. Sessions||W.D. Mich.||March 2, 1911||April 1, 1931||–|
|Sloan, Richard ElihuRichard Elihu Sloan||D. Ariz.||August 26, 1912||March 3, 1913||–|
|Smith, Henry Augustus MiddletonHenry Augustus Middleton Smith||D.S.C.||June 7, 1911||March 3, 1915||–|
|Thompson, Joseph WhitakerJoseph Whitaker Thompson||E.D. Pa.||July 16, 1912||February 3, 1931||–|
|Tuttle, Arthur J.Arthur J. Tuttle||E.D. Mich.||August 6, 1912||December 2, 1944||–|
|Van Valkenburgh, Arba SeymourArba Seymour Van Valkenburgh||W.D. Mo.||June 21, 1910||March 18, 1925||–|
|Veeder, Van VechtenVan Vechten Veeder||E.D.N.Y.||January 26, 1911||December 31, 1917||–|
|Willard, Charles AndrewCharles Andrew Willard||D. Minn.||May 18, 1909||March 13, 1914||–|
|Witmer, Charles B.Charles B. Witmer||M.D. Pa.||March 2, 1911||April 7, 1925||–|
|Youmans, Frank A.Frank A. Youmans||W.D. Ark.||June 20, 1911||April 11, 1932||–|
United States Commerce Court
|Archbald, Robert WodrowRobert Wodrow Archbald||1911||January 13, 1913|
|Carland, John EmmettJohn Emmett Carland||1911||December 13, 1913|
|Hunt, William HenryWilliam Henry Hunt||1911||December 13, 1913|
|Knapp, Martin AugustineMartin Augustine Knapp||1910||December 13, 1913|
|Mack, Julian WilliamJulian William Mack||1911||December 13, 1913|
United States Court of Customs Appeals
|Barber, Orion MetcalfOrion Metcalf Barber||1910||1930|
|De Vries, MarionMarion De Vries||1910||1922|
|Martin, George EwingGeorge Ewing Martin||1911||1924|
|Montgomery, Robert MorrisRobert Morris Montgomery||1910||1920|
|Smith, James FrancisJames Francis Smith||1910||1928|
Board of General Appraisers
|Cooper, Samuel BronsonSamuel Bronson Cooper||1910||1918|
- All information on the names, terms of service, and details of appointment of federal judges is derived from the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public-domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center.
- Hughes resigned from the Court to run for the office of President of the United States, unsuccessfully. He was later reappointed as Chief Justice by President Herbert Hoover.
- White had previously been appointed as an Associate Justice by President Grover Cleveland on March 12, 1894.
- Impeached and removed from office by the United States Congress.
- Reassigned to the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit on January 1, 1916.
- Reassigned to the United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit on June 30, 1929.
- Recess appointment; the United States Senate later rejected the appointment.
- Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 3, 1912, but not confirmed by the United States Senate.
- Recess appointment; resigned with no formal nomination having been submitted. Hundley had previously been appointed by recess appointment twice by Taft's predecessor, Theodore Roosevelt, and both times his nomination was not confirmed by the United States Senate.
- Recess appointment; the United States Senate later rejected the appointment.
- On January 1, 1912, Smith was reassigned by operation of law to the United States District Court for the Western District of South Carolina.