January 16, 1945 (age 71)|
Murat Kunt (born January 16, 1945) is a Swiss scientist of Turkish origin. He is known for his research and teaching in the general area of digital signal processing and image and video processing in particular. He is the author of more than 240 publications, 15 books and 16 patents. He played a pioneering role in digital image and video compression. Among the 75 doctoral students he supervised, 20 are now university professors.
He graduated in 1963 from Galatasaray, a legendary high-school in Istanbul. He then moved to Switzerland and studied at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (EPFL) in Lausanne and obtained his MS degree in high-energy physics in 1968. He earned his PhD studying facsimile image compression at the same institute. In 1974 he moved to the United States and worked as a research associate at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). He returned to Lausanne at EPFL where he became a professor in 1980 and directed the Signal Processing Laboratory (one of the largest laboratories) of EPFL from 1989 to his retirement in 2008.
He lectured at several universities in Europe and in the world, in particular at MIT, at the University of Southern California (USC) and at University of California at Berkeley (sabbatical). His first book Traitement numérique des signaux (1980) is one the reference books of the area and has been translated in several languages including English.
In 1978 Kunt created the first scientific journal on signal processing – entitled Signal Processing - and worked as its editor-in-chief till 2006. In parallel with the journal, he founded the European Association for Signal Processing (EURASIP). In 2006 he created the new journal Signal, Image and Video Processing as its editor-in-chief till 2013.
He served as a chairman and/or a member of the scientific committees of several international conferences and on the editorial boards of the Proceedings of the IEEE, Pattern Recognition Letters and Signal Processing. He was the co-chairman of the first European Signal Processing Conference (EUSIPCO) held in Lausanne in 1980 and the general chairman of the International Conference on Image Processing (ICIP'96) held in Lausanne in 1996. He was the president of the Swiss Association for Pattern Recognition from its creation until 1997. He consults for governmental offices including the French General Assembly.
His achievements have been recognized by the awards he has received. In 1986 he became a fellow of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). This was followed by the gold medal of EURASIP for meritorious services in 1983, the IEEE ASSP technical achievement award in 1996, the IEEE Third millennium Medal in 2000, an honorary doctorate from the Catholic University of Leuven in 2001, the technical achievement award of EURASIP and the imaging scientist of the year award of the IS&T and SPIE in 2003.
- "Signal Processing Laboratory of EPFL".
- Book "Traitement numérique des signaux".
- "Scientific review "Signal Processing"".
- "European Association for Signal Processing".
- "Scientific review "Signal, Image and Video Processing"".
- "Editorial boards of the Proceedings of the IEEE, Pattern Recognition Letters and Signal Processing".
- "IEEE ASSP technical achievement award" (PDF).
- "Imaging scientist of the year award of the IS&T and SPIE in 2003".
- "Fastcom Technologies".
- "Murat Kunt opinion in daily newspapers and weekly journals".