Abu'l-Fadl Bayhaqi

Ibn Zeyd ibn Muhammad Evesi Khāzimi Bayhaqi Shāfe'ī
Personal Details
Title Abu'l-Fadl Bayhaqī
Born 385 A.H/ 995 A.D.
Died 469-470 A.H/ 1077 A.D. (aged 84-85 lunar calendar)
Ethnicity Persian
Region Khorasan and Ghazna
Religion Islam
Jurisprudence Shafi`i
Main interest(s) History
Notable work(s) Tārīkh-e Mas'oudī

Abu'l-Fadl Bayhaqī (Persian: ابوالفضل بیهقی, Ibn Zeyd ibn Muhammad Abul-Fazl Mohammad ibn Hossein ibn Soleyman Ayyoub Ansari Evesi Khazimi Bayhaqī Shafe'i), was a Persian historian and author.[1]

He wrote the famous work of Persian literature Tarikh-e Mas'oudi ("Masoudian History", also known as "Tārīkh-e Bayhaqī").

Bayhaqi was born in the village Haares-Abad of Bayhaq in Khorasan Province near Sabzevar. He studied various sciences in Neishabur city, and then he was employed as a clerk in the secretariat of Sultan Mahmud. Abolfazl could show his efficiency there.

In 1039 his master and chief Abu Nasr Mushkan passed and a few years later King Abd al-Rashid elected him as the chief of the Royal Secretariat.

After the retirement in 1058, Bayhaqi started the editing of his daily notes and historical data and published them in a book, named it "Tarikh-e Baihaqi".

His book is one of the most creditable sources about the Ghaznavid Empire, and his fluent prose style has made the book considerable in Persian literature too.

In his book he has a famous chapter about the execution of Hasanak the Vizier.


  1. An Oriental Samuel Pepys? Abuʾl-Faḍl Bayhaqī's Memoirs of Court Life in Eastern Iran and Afghanistan, 1030-1041, C. Edmund Bosworth, Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, Third Series, Vol. 14, No. 1 (Apr., 2004), 13.

See also

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