Autocausative verb

Autocausative reflexive signifies that the (usually animated) "referent represented by the subject combines the activity of actor and undergoes a change of state like a patient/subject".[1]

Language Examples
Portuguese Pedro tornou-se ofendido.
Spanish Pedro se tornó ofendido.
Italian Pietro divenne offeso.
Serbo-Croatian Petar se uvrijedio.
Polish Piotr został obrażony.
Russian Пётр обиделся.
German Peter wurde beleidigt.
English Peter became offended.


  1. Parry, Mair (1998). "The reinterpretation of the reflexive in Piedmontese: 'impersonal' SE constructions". Transactions of the Philological Society. 96 (1): 63–116. doi:10.1111/1467-968X.00024. ISSN 0079-1636.
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