Bhikampur and Datawali (Aligarh) State
|Bhikampur and Datawali|
|Principality under the nominal sovereignty of Mughal Empire and British India|
Coat of arms
|•||Established||Collapse of Mughal Empire|
|•||Independence of India||1947|
|Today part of||Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, India|
The Bhikampur and Datawali principality is in Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh. For nearly four centuries, before the advent of British Raj in India, it was ruled by the descendants of a Sherwani Pathan from Jalalabad in Afghanistan. The Sherwani clan were practically independent rulers in the period between the collapse of Mughal Empire and the rise of the British.
The clan had two main branches, the lineage of Bhikampur and that of Datawali, and practiced Cousin marriage to an almost exclusive degree. The family tree presents a bewildering array of interlocking relationships. Their marriage patterns kept the family properties intact, while taking a toll on the health of their increasingly inbred offspring. The Sherwanis were a family that displayed an intriguing combination of the progressive and the conservative: They were supporters of education, whether Islamic or western, and promoters of education for women, although the women of the family maintained strict purdah and were educated at home. Their loyalist politics were manifested in civic service and membership in reform associations, along with resistance to the growing forces of anti-British activism before and after World War I.
The Sherwani clan of Aligarh district produced a number of distinguished figures,
- Nawab Daud Khan (1785-1866): He purchased an 18th-century gate which belonged to the Agra Fort, when the British authorities in 1833 auctioned off valuable material from the fort, and put it up at the Bhikampur fort in 1835. The Sherwani family presented this Bhikampur Gate to the Aligarh Muslim University in 1961, and it was installed at the present site in 1963.
- Nawab Faiz Ahmed Khan (1826-1895): He migrated to Hejaz in the aftermath of the Indian Rebellion of 1857. He gave a financial assistance of Rs. 50,000/- to Sultan Abdul Hamid II of the Ottoman Empire during the Russo-Turkish War (1877-78), for which Nawab Faiz Ahmed Khan was granted a salute of 8-guns. He was married into the royal family of Afghanistan.
- Nawab Sir Muhammad Muzzammilullah Khan Sherwani, Khan Bahadur (1865-1935): In 1916, he was nominated to the Uttar Pradesh Legislative council and in 1926, was appointed as a member of the Viceroy's Council of State. During the reign of Nawab Muzzammil-Ullah Khan, Bhikampur fort witnessed a revival and restoration of its former glory. Sir Muzammilullah was an important figure in the Aligarh Movement. A follower of Sir Syed Ahmad Khan, he was a leading member of the Board of Trustees of Aligarh College, a champion of turning Aligarh College into a University, and politically loyal to the British connection. He was also a skillful poet in Persian.
- Nawab Moosa Khan Sherwani (1872-1944): founding secretary of All-India Muslim League in 1906.
- Padma Bhushan Haroon Khan Sherwani (1891-1980): a well-known historian.
- Zahida Khatun Sherwani (1894-1922): an Indian poet and writer who wrote in the Urdu language and was also an activist for women's rights.
- Rahil Begum Sherwani (1894-1982): founder of All India Women’s Muslim League.
- H.H. Nawab Muhammad Kazim ‘Ali Khan Bahadur, Nawab of Malerkotla.
- H.H. Nawab Sarwar Jahaan Begum Sahiba, wife of Ali Jah, Nawab Muhammad Zafar ‘Ali Khan Bahadur, Firuz Jang, Nawab of Kurwai.
- Kamil Zaman Begum Sahiba, wife of Nawab Muin ud-din Haider Jilani Bijli Khan, Nawab of Wai.
- Saleem Iqbal Shervani: Union Minister of State for Health and Family Welfare from 1996 to 1997, and the Union Minister of State for External Affairs from 1997 to 1998.
- Lieutenant colonel Wali Ahmed Khan, Sahibzada of Tonk and Dewan of Dujana. He was married to Nawab Faiz Ahmed Khan's grand daughter.
- H.H. Nawab Muhammad Altaf Ali Khan Bahadur (1912-1994): Nawab of Malerkotla. He was married to Nawab Faiz Ahmed Khan's great-grand daughter.
- Jalaluddaula Nawab Muhammed Iqtidar Ali Khan Bahadur Mustaqil-i-Jan, Nawab of Dujana. He was married to Nawab Faiz Ahmed Khan’s great-grand daughter.
- Masud Husain Khan (1919-2010): the Father of Urdu-Linguistics, and the fifth Vice-Chancellor of Jamia Millia Islamia. He was married to Nawab Faiz Ahmed Khan’s great-grand daughter.
- "Heritage & History". www.bhikampurlodge.in. Archived from the original on 23 May 2016. Retrieved 23 May 2016.
- "Zay Khay Sheen, Aligarh's Purdah-Nashin Poet" (PDF). Columbia University. Columbia University. p. 2. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 May 2016. Retrieved 23 May 2016.
- "Architectural History" (PDF). Aligarh Muslim University. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 May 2016. Retrieved 23 May 2016.
- The London Gazette: . 8 January 1919.
- "Padma Awards" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 November 2014. Retrieved 21 July 2015.
- "Maulana Azad National Urdu University pays a befitting tribute to Professor Sherwani - The Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 2015-10-12.
- "Contribution of Zay Khay Sheen highlighted". Dawn. 19 February 2012. Retrieved 9 April 2016.
- Budaun awaits to elect outsider with Yadav-Muslim support
- Salim Sherwani rejoins Congress
- Prof Masud Husain turns 90