Creativity (religion)

For creativity in Christianity, see Image of God. For the unrelated, Oregon-based new religious movement whose name was once also used by the Creativity church, see Church of the Creator.

The Creativity flag.
According to Creators, the red field symbolizes the struggle for the survival, expansion, and advancement of the White race under the creed and program of Creativity while the white triangle on the right represents the coming of a "Whiter and Brighter World."[1] The W stands for the White race, the crown indicates that Creators are the elite, and the halo is a symbol of race being "unique and sacred above all other values."
Ben Klassen
Regions with significant populations
Midwestern United States, Texas, Eastern Europe
Nature's Eternal Religion, The White Man's Bible, Salubrious Living, "Expanding Creativity", "Building a Whiter and Brighter World", "RAHOWA! This Planet Is All Ours", "Klassen Letters, Volumes One and Two", "A Revolution Of Values Through Religion", "Against The Evil Tide", "On The Brink Of A Bloody Racial War", "Trials, Tribulations And Triumphs" and "Little White Book"
English, Spanish, French, Serbian, Croatian, Ruthenian, Icelandic, German, French and Polish

Creativity is a white supremacist new religious movement founded in Lighthouse Point, Florida by Ben Klassen as the "Church of the Creator" in 1973. The worldview of Klassen's church is based on veneration of the white race.

Two separate organizations currently promote Creativity: the Creativity Movement (TCM) and the Creativity Alliance (also known as the Church of Creativity). The groups have common origins.[2]


Adherents of Creativity are known as "Creators". The church was founded as the "Church of the Creator" and then known as "World Church of the Creator". Use of these names was lost to Church of the Creator, an unrelated Oregon church, in a trademark infringement case.[3] The names "Creativity" and "Creator" are derived from the foreword of the first edition of Nature's Eternal Religion by Ben Klassen, which states, "We call our religion Creativity, and members thereof, Creators, because, we believe these words, in essence, best describe the characteristic soul of the White Race."[4] The term "creator" does not refer to a supernatural deity but only to adherents of Creativity and to the collective white race which is regarded to the creators of civilization. The Church continues under several organizations, including "The Creativity Movement".[5]


The Creativity organization, as formulated by Ben Klassen was self-proclaimed as structured for the "survival, expansion and advancement of the White Race".

Moral conduct and behavior

Creativity has Sixteen Commandments that primarily address conduct and the Five Fundamental Beliefs of Creativity, which only deal with race, including: the belief that "Race is their Religion," that Creativity is based on the "external laws of nature, the experience of history, on logic and common sense", that the white race is "nature's finest", and that which helps the biological continuance of the white race on Earth is the "highest good".[6] They believe that American culture is becoming "more decadent", evidenced by "black crimes, growing acceptance of homosexuality, interracial marriage, increasing drug use, and lack of racial identity among white people."[7] Creators are encouraged to recite the five fundamentals daily. Creativity also promotes a religious diet and health doctrine called 14 Points of Salubrious Living, a form of raw veganism, though not a prerequisite for membership.[8]

The What We Believe In affirmation is two broad lists titled Essence of a Creator and What a Creator is Not, which serve as basic guidelines for general behavior and ideals to exemplify. What We Believe In may be viewed as an extension of the Five Fundamental Beliefs of Creativity.

Creativity list of ideals

Some ideals include "responsible, productive and constructive", "place a high value on honor and self-respect", "eager and optimistic", "inquisitive and adventurous", "cheerful zest for living", "healthy, positive and dynamic attitude" towards life, physically fitness, personal achievement, problem-solving, "racial loyalty" before any other loyalty, defending family honor, and directing love and hate in the "proper channels.

Creativity list of flaws

Creators are told to hate their enemies and non-whites, who Klassen listed as "Jews, niggers and mud races", to not be gullible, not practice superstition, shun "sexual deviation" (including homosexuality), that miscegenation is a form of bestiality, not whine nor complain, shun race-mixing or social interaction with non-whites as much as possible.[9]

Race is the supreme value of the religion and the Golden Rule of their socio-ethical system teaches that what is good for the White Race is the highest good. Inversely, the religion teaches what is bad for the White Race is the ultimate sin. Adherents are asked to self-reflect, "how will this accrue to the benefit of the White Race?"

Heaven, hell and the supernatural

Creativity is a non-supernatural religion that fundamentally rejects the supernatural while affirming a pantheist[10] view of Nature, asserting "everything is in nature", and defining Nature as "the whole cosmos, the total universe, including its millions of natural laws through space and time."[11][12] According to Klassen, "A Creator is not superstitious and disdains belief in the supernatural. He will waste no time giving credence to, or playing silly games with imaginary spooks, spirits, gods and demons." As such, Creators do not believe in an afterlife, that upon death they go to oblivion, and that life on Earth is the only life. Their only true "immortality" is genetic and memorial. Creators believe they should view life and death on Earth in a "rational, fearless manner", and in so doing may concentrate on the positive aspects of life.[13]

Racial socialism

The Southern Poverty Law Center classifies Creativity's ideology as Neo-Nazi,[14] though Klassen stated that Creativity was not a rehash of Nazism, and listed eight differences between his political ideology and the Nazis.[15] Ben Klassen adopted the phrase "racial socialism" to describe his political ideology. He was highly critical of democracy and advocated meritocracy, believing strong, effective leaders should have the ability to rule. Under racial socialism, "whites would work together toward common goals but without the massive economic planning in the style of the Soviet GOSPLAN".[16] Klassen supported a limited version of a market economy, concerned that social and economic activities should be in the best interests of white people. He criticized the "leftist proclivities" to recruit solely from the white working class, that "all [white] members of the national or racial community... had an important role to play."[16]

Klassen stated many people were "confused" about the true definitions of socialism or collectivism, citing use of the term by Jews, Christians, conservatives, and other groups. Klassen and the Creativity church viewed socialism as "Organized Society". Klassen's socialism does not "imply state ownership of the means of production," nor "confiscation of private property". The Creativity church is opposed to state ownership of the basic means of production (farms, factories, stores, etc.), instead promoting individual property ownership. They believe some functions are best performed by organized society as a whole, such as highways, airports, harbors, national defense, and law enforcement.

Salubrious living

Klassen, in the book Salubrious Living, expounded on physical health for individuals and groups, based on the idea of a "sound mind in a sound body in a sound society in a sound environment".[17] Salubrious Living promotes a fruitarian form of raw veganism, encouraging raw organic foods, organic farming, clean environment, fasting, heliotherapy, racial hygiene or eugenics, sexuality, exercise, recreation, work, sleep, fasting, and rejection of modern medicine in favor of naturopathy.

Natural law

Creators adhere to a naturalist philosophy, claiming to base their religion on the "Eternal Laws of Nature" and believe that Nature is governed by laws immutable, "unchanging, unbending and unyielding." They theorize one of these "laws of Nature" is inner-segregation of species, and that racial animosity is a natural instinct. They believe Nature is "continually striving" to improve each species by dividing them into sub-species for each sub-species to compete against each other. They reference the many segregations of birds, hummingbirds with 320 species, sparrows with 263 species, wrens with 60 species, and so on. Similarly with many other animals, they have been segregated into dozens of different species, each with its own "peculiar means of protection, of mating, of propagation" in competition against its own sub-species.


Creativity highly promotes proselytizing. Their established goal is to place 10 million copies of the two books Nature's Eternal Religion and the White Man's Bible among white people as part of "gird[ing] up for total war ... politically, militantly, financially, morally and religiously", stating that "Rahowa! [racial holy war] is inevitable... the Ultimate and Only Solution". They are especially concerned of a perceived population explosion in underdeveloped nations, with a simultaneous population decline in Europe and white countries with mass migration of non-whites into white countries with forced racial integration leading to miscegenation.[18] The organization places heavy emphasis on activism and professes non-violence, as members and supporters who engaged in illegal activities have been expelled from the church. The Creator Membership Manual states, "any member of the Church who either commits crimes (other than unconstitutional violations of our right to freedom of speech, assembly, etc.) or encourages others to do so, will be subject to expulsion from the Church."[19] Creators view Rahowa as a religious war of racial self-defense within the framework of law, and not as a call for violence.[20][21] Therefore, a Creator's primary mission should be to convert other white peoples to Creativity and to practice racial loyalty.[22] One key slogan used by Creators is White People Awake! Save the White Race!


Because Creativity opposes Catholicism, it does not use the Gregorian calendar. 1973 is considered the Incepto de Creativitat (Inception of Creativity, or IC). Years following are called Anno de Creativitat, and years before PC are called Prius Creativitat. Thus 1974 CE is 1 AC, 1972 CE is called 1 PC, and 2013 would be 40 AC.


Creativity has numerous holy days. Creators are encouraged to acknowledge these holidays, to spend time with their families and with friends of the religion.[23]

Religious ceremonies

Creativity has four sacred ceremonies, called sacraments: wedding, pledging for children, confirmation, and eulogy for deceased. The names of these ceremonies in Latin, the sacred language of Creativity, are Carimoni Nuptiae Creatora, Carimoni Fidem Obligari, Carimoni Confirmationis and Memoria Celebritas, respectively.[25] All ceremonies are performed by church ministers. For weddings, the bride and groom exchange vows before Nature. The pledging ceremony is ideally conducted the first week after the child's birth. Both parents pledge to raise their child as a "loyal member of the White Race and faithful to the church." The confirmation ceremony can be performed on or after a child's 13th birthday.[26]

Ordained ministers

Klassen intended every worthy Creator be an ordained minister in the church.[27] Ministers in Creativity must have proven themselves and have passed the Minister's Exam, written and oral. The written Minister's Exam consists of 150 questions, requiring a written paragraph response for each question, and an essay. Applicants are encouraged to have recommendations of three established ministers. The final requirement is to sign an oath.[22] Men and women can be ordained as ministers in Creativity.

Religious texts

Nature's Eternal Religion

Nature's Eternal Religion is the founding text of Creativity, divided into two sub-sections, which can be considered separate books. They are Book I — The Unavenged Outrage and Book II — The Salvation. The first chapter discusses nature, and what Klassen sees as Natural law. The second chapter states the religious belief that the White race is "Nature's Finest."[28] The first book goes on to critique Christianity, including the Christian Bible. A large number of biblical stories, including the story of Adam and Eve, Jonah and the whale and the Resurrection, are ruled historically unlikely. The historicity of Jesus is also questioned, with the author concluding that he can find no independent evidence for the existence of the man.[29] Creativity teaches that Christianity is a violent religion that has killed 1000 fellow Christians for every Christian killed by the Romans throughout history.[7] Adherents do not believe in Jesus Christ as having been a real person and reject Christian teachings as "suicidal poison" created by Jews and foisted on the white race. They reject the principle of loving one's enemies, instead declaring that enemies should be hated. Creators reject the Golden Rule saying it does not make "good sense" and at a "closer look" it is a "completely unworkable principle".[7]

In Nature's Eternal Religion, Nature is anthropomorphized as female and essentially identified as divinity, the white race is called the real creators of Aztec, Egyptian and Chinese civilization, the need to expunge the "black plague", a view that Jews are "parasites", a critique of the Old Testament and New Testament. Klassen wrote "what is good for the Jews is good and what is bad for the Jews is bad". Also included is a full reprint if The Protocols of the Elders of Zion, a critique of Marxism, and declaring the Book of Revelation to be "A Jewish Nightmare in Technicolor".

The second book, The Salvation, begins with the religion's foundation, regarding the need for religion as inherent in humanity. Klassen said he was unconcerned with the survival of non-white races, only for the survival of the white race. A chapter entitled "Sixteen Commandments" includes the basic idea to be fruitful and multiply and fill the earth with White people, and that it is the duty of every species and race to aid and abet their own kind. It says that loyalty is a "sacred trust", draws inspiration from Islam, calls Mormonism a "better fraud" than mainstream Christianity due to its then-exclusion of black men from the Priesthood (LDS Church), and calls the average Mormon "more industrious, more law abiding, and more responsible than the average American". Queen Isabella I of Castile is praised for her expulsion of the Jews from Spain. Klassen urges Creators to "work feverishly and aggressively to organize politically, to distribute literature on behalf of the White Race, to promote and foster White solidarity, and to get control of the government and political machinery of the state by legal means if possible. If this is not possible by legal means, then we must resort to the same means as our forefathers used two hundred years ago to defend their liberty, their property, their homes and their families." The book labels Christianity and Communism "Jewish twins", praises Latin as a sacred language, and urges for an updated form of it to be used an ideal international auxiliary language (an example being the Occidental language).

Klassen also offers advice and guidance to White teens, advocating self-employment. A goal of the Creativity church is for Classical Latin to become the primary language among White peoples. The book ends with a chapter about the future which, containing Klassen's view of a Whiter and brighter world.

White Man's Bible

The White Man's Bible was Klassen's second book, first printed in 1981, consisting of 73 chapters (called "Credos"). It adds and expounds on Nature's Eternal Religion. The "Dedication" reads: "Dedicated towards developing the tremendous potential of Nature’s Finest – the WHITE RACE. May this book give our great race a religion of its own that will unite, organize and propel it forward towards a Whiter and Brighter World."

Early years

Creativity was formed in 1973 when Klassen self-published the book Nature's Eternal Religion. Klassen attempted to recruit neo-nazis into the church because, aside from disagreements over religion, there was no fundamental conflict between the church's doctrine and National Socialism. Klassen eventually established a rapport with National Alliance leader William Luther Pierce.[30] Klassen met Pierce twice in 1975 and they maintained a relationship "on and off" for at least 18 more years. Klassen noted he "never did understand the logic of what he called his Cosmotheism religion... it has not been of any significance as far as our common goal of promoting White racial solidarity was concerned." In Trials, Tribulations, and Triumphs, Klassen describes Pierce as "a great man and an outstanding intellectual thinker, and as one of us."[31] Pierce never became a Creator, and later created the racist religion Cosmotheism, which is similar to Creativity although more akin to Pantheism.

In 1982, Klassen established the headquarters in Otto, North Carolina. Although the Klassen family expected resistance from local people, Klassen states that "we were not quite prepared for the viciousness of the onslaught by the local paper...." Opposition grew, and on May 13, 1982, the Franklin Press headline said "Pro-Hitler, anti-Christ Leader Headquarters Here".[32]

Key people

Gaede family

April Gaede, mother of Lynx and Lamb Gaede of the band Prussian Blue, is a longtime supporter of the doctrines of Creativity and was once a member of the World Church of the Creator, before joining the National Alliance (United States).[33] Prussian Blue's song "Stand Up", although written for David Lane,[34] author of the Fourteen Words, was part of the unreleased Free Matt Hale CD, intended to support the incarcerated Matthew F. Hale, former Pontifex Maximus of the World Church of the Creator. Lamb and Lynx Gaede have since distanced themselves from racial politics, citing that they are more "liberal" now.[35]

Craig Cobb

Main article: Craig Cobb

Craig Cobb operated the video sharing website Podblanc and has had high-profile publicity stunts in the Midwest, trying to take over small towns.[36] Recently he tried establishing an enclave in North Dakota, and renaming it either “Trump Creativity” or “Creativity Trump,” in honor of Donald Trump.[37]

George Burdi

Main article: George Burdi

Also known as the Reverend George Eric Hawthorne, Burdi was the lead singer of the Canadian metal band Rahowa, leader of the Toronto branch of the Church of the Creator, and founder of Resistance Records.[38] He was convicted of assault and renounced racism after serving time in prison.[39] Burdi has been credited by some with playing a role in ensuring the survival of Creativity after the death of Ben Klassen.[29]

Matthew F. Hale

Main article: Matthew F. Hale

Several years after Klassen's death in 1993, white supremacist Matthew Hale founded the "New Church of the Creator", later changed to "World Church of the Creator". Hale made national news when he was denied admission to the Illinois State bar three times due to his racist beliefs.[40] On November 12, 1999, the Illinois Supreme Court refused to further consider the denial of Hale's law license, continuing "a decision by its Committee on Character and Fitness that said Hale lacked the moral character to practice law."[41] The committee's denial of Hale's law license may have provoked the actions of Benjamin Nathaniel Smith.

On January 9, 2003, Hale was arrested and charged with attempting to direct his security chief Anthony Evola to murder Judge Lefkow.[42][43] Judge Lefkow's husband and mother were later murdered by Bart Ross who had no previously known connections to Hale or the Creativity religion. Hale was found guilty of four of the five counts (one count of solicitation of murder and three counts of obstruction of justice) on April 26, 2004. In April 2005, he was sentenced to 40 years in a Federal penitentiary.[44]

Johannes Jurgens Grobbelaar and Jurgen Matthews White

Two Afrikaner Creators and members of the National Socialist Partisans (the paramilitary branch of the Blanke Bevrydingsbeweging) were killed in a gun battle with South African police, while allegedly attempting to smuggle weapons and explosives into a survivalist compound in Namibia. The two Creators were stopped by police who were suspicious that their vehicle had been stolen. According to the report, while being escorted to a nearby police station, the two detonated a smoke bomb and attempted escape. After police discovered their abandoned vehicle five miles away, the two suspects ambushed from cover and fired at the police. Two officers were shot, one fatally.[45]

Ron McVan

Ron McVan, a co-founder of the White Nationalist Pagan religion of Wotanism was once affiliated with the Church of the Creator for two years as second-in-command,[46] contributing articles and artwork to its periodical Racial Loyalty and serving as a martial arts instructor at the church. While Ben Klassen and Ron McVan shared similar anti-Christian beliefs, McVan sought a more spiritual approach and felt Creativity needed spirituality. He moved to the Pacific Northwest and founded Wotan's Kindred in Portland, Oregon in 1992, claiming Wotanism is rooted in the "genetic character and collective identity" of the white race.[47][48][49]

Legal troubles and re-organization

In 1992, in the midst of financial and legal troubles (including a civil lawsuit from the Southern Poverty Law Center), the death of his wife, and his own aging, Klassen sought to appoint a successor. Rudolph G. "Butch" Stanko was favored for the position, however he was imprisoned at the time.[50][51] Klassen had selected Charles Edward Altvater, but replaced him before he could assume leadership. Altvater may have been replaced due to recurrent criminal charges,[52][53][54] as he was later convicted of attempted murder and other offenses.[55] Klassen then chose Mark Wilson, a neo-nazi from Milwaukee, who ran the church from July 1992 until January 1993. Klassen suddenly replaced Wilson with Richard McCarty, working to introduce and establish McCarty within the Creativity community, then sold most of the church's physical property to William Pierce, of the National Alliance, for $100,000. Pierce quickly sold the property to an unaffiliated third party, for $185,000, profiting $85,000.

Shortly before and during McCarty's leadership, the Creativity Church was plagued with criminal obstacles, as some members were arrested on conspiracy, unlawful firearm possession, and association with the firebombing of an NAACP building in Tacoma in July 1993.[56] McCarty struggled to keep the group unified.

The lengthy lawsuit led by the Southern Poverty Law Center (SPLC), seeking damages related to the May 1991 murder of Harold Mansfield Jr by Creator George Loeb, had finally ruled in March 1994, finding the Church of the Creator culpable for $1,000,000.[57] The court also ruled that Klassen's earlier sale of property to Pierce just before his suicide was merely collusion to deny payment to the victim's family. The court further required Pierce pay for the profits from the final sale of the property, the $85,000. Unable to pay the outstanding balance, the SPLC sued for dissolution of the church to settle the remaining damages, and McCarty readily agreed.[58]

These situations led to a succession crisis and a schism within the Creativity Movement.

Creativity Movement

The emblem of Creativity as designed by Ben Klassen

Matthew F. Hale founded the "New Church of the Creator" in 1996. As the last Pontifex Maximus of the now defunct "Church of the Creator". Although headquartered in Zion, Illinois, there is a heavy concentration of Creators in Montana[59] with 24 regional and local branches and members "all over the world."[60]

In 2000, the Oregon-based TE-TA-MA Truth Foundation filed a lawsuit against the World Church of the Creator for using the name "Church of the Creator", as the Oregon group had trademarked and registered the name in 1982.[61] U.S. District Court Judge Joan Humphrey Lefkow ruled in favor of the World Church of the Creator, per prior usage. However, TE-TA-MA appealed through the Kirkland & Ellis firm, winning the appeal in November 2002.[62] In December 2002, the World Church of the Creator announced it would relocate its headquarters to Riverton, Wyoming, in what the Anti-Defamation League claimed was an effort to avoid the court injunction barring use of the name.[63][64] Further appeals were denied by the U.S. Supreme Court in 2003.[65][66][67]

Hale was arrested for contempt of court and for soliciting the murder of a Judge Lefkow.[68] He was sentenced to 40 years on 6 April 2005.[19][69]

Bill White was arrested and convicted for threatening a juror in the Matt Hale case (among other charges). The conviction was overturned on appeal, under the First Amendment, before being reinstated. In 2013, White was sentenced to 42 months in prison[70] Hal Turner was arrested and sentenced to 33 months for threatening the three federal judges who handled a Matt Hale case.

Following the resignation of The Creativity Movement's remaining officers, the skinhead-only section, now renamed as "Skinheads of the Racial Holy War", took control the remaining membership.

Creativity Alliance (Church of Creativity)

The Creativity Alliance is an amalgam of many formerly independent Church of Creativity groups. Regional groups have local designations (e.g. Church of Creativity Italy). According to the SPLC in 2015, the Creativity Alliance has groups in Georgia, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Utah and Vermont.[71] Led by the "Guardians of the Faith Committee" and an elected Pontifex Maximus. Members of the Creativity Alliance do not associate with Creativity Movement members. Unlike other White Supremacist groups, the Creativity Alliance claims a policy of "non-participation in the White Power social scene". The group is currently led by former World Church of the Creator member Cailen Cambeul, formerly known as Colin Campbell.[72] The Creativity Alliance used to be known as the White Crusaders of the Rahowa (WCOTR), which was founded by former Church Members after Hale's arrest in 2003.[73][74][75]

Notable members in the Creativity Alliance are former Klassen supporters George Loeb and Joseph Esposito, each serving extended prison sentences in Florida. Despite the Creativity Alliance maintained a web site for almost ten years known as the Reverend Matt Hale Archive, the Creativity Alliance has distanced itself from Hale and no longer actively supports him.[76]

Randolph Dilloway, former "Hasta Primus" of the Creativity Alliance[77] and founder of the defunct Smoky Mountains Church of Creativity[78][79] served as an accountant[80] for the newly revived National Alliance assessing financial damages done under past leadership. Fearing for his life after discovering and discussing the errors, he contacted police and later the SPLC leaking documents alleging fraud and embezzlement by the organization.[81][82]

The Creativity Alliance is known for creating disturbances by distributing fliers in Australia[83] and New Zealand.[84][85][86] In 2015 they distributed flyers in Liverpool and Inverbervie in Scotland. [87][88] In a letter to the editor from the Reverend James Mac of the Church of Creativity Britain, Mac stated the leaflets were legal and called for "Racial Separation", not supremacy. The South Australian Attorney General and Minister for Multicultural Affairs have made numerous attempts to close the website of the South Australian representative and current Pontifex Maximus for the Creativity Alliance, and to outlaw the organization.[89][90] Cailen Cambeul filed a complaint to the Australian Press Council arguing that description of the Creativity Alliance as a white supremacist organization rather than a recognized religion, and characterization of the members as “a few loners looking for something to do with all their hate”, was unfair. The complaint was dismissed on the basis that the bylined journalist's descriptions were not included in a news article, but an opinion piece.[91]

Creativity Alliance web pages and published books stress that they make no attempt to assume or supersede the US registered trademark "Church of the Creator" owned by TE-TA-MA Truth Foundation.[92]

Legal challenges

Creativity was recognized as a religion by the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Wisconsin in Peterson v. Wilmur Communications (205 F.Supp.2d 1014) (2002).[93][94] The American Civil Liberties Union intervened on behalf of the World Church of the Creator.[95]

Maxine M. Chesney, a district judge in the state of California ruled against an imprisoned Creator who brought suit against Pelican Bay State Prison based on an alleged violation of the Religious Land Use and Institutionalized Persons Act in Conner v. Tilton, 2009 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 111892 (ND CA, Dec. 2, 2009)[96] in which Creativity and several other organizations and belief-systems including the Black Supremacist MOVE, Veganism,[97] and the Church of Marijuana were declared to not constitute "religions" but rather moral or secular philosophies under the subjective definition of religion being defined based on an addressing of “fundamental and ultimate questions having to do with deep and imponderable matters”[98] as part of a "three-point" test for determining a religion developed by the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit. In the case, the court concluded that plaintiff had failed to raise a genuine issue as to whether Creativity is a religion and found that to the extent Creativity deals with a "fundamental concern", such concern is with secular matters and not with what the court considers to be religious principles and that Creativity is not "comprehensive" in nature because it was presented as confined to one question or moral teaching, namely Creativity's Golden Rule and that the structural characteristics of Creativity "do not serve to transform what are otherwise secular teachings and ideals into a religious ideology." However, the Supreme Court has recognized atheism as equivalent to a “religion” for purposes of the First Amendment on numerous occasions, most recently in McCreary County, Ky. v. American Civil Liberties Union of Ky., 545U.S. 844, 125 S.Ct. 2722, 162 L.Ed.2d 729 (2005).[99] In a similar although non-related case, Cutter v. Wilkinson involving a member of the Aryan Nations and those of other religions including Wicca and Satanism, court ruled in favor of prisoners.

In Hale v. Federal Bureau of Prisons (2015),[100][101] the court found that Creativity may qualify as a religion under the First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution with potential recognition by the IRS and that it can be practiced in prison.[102]

United Kingdom

In March 2015, leaflets posted through doors in south Liverpool claimed "the white race is nature’s finest". Cailen Cambeul, a minister and Pontifex Maximus of the organisation stated he was responsible for the distribution. Complaints were made to the police by local councillors. Cllr Sarah Jennings, of the local Green Party, denounced it as a “fringe group of blatant racists”. Cambeul said "any politician claiming disgust at our flyers and seeking to make political gains via our 100% legal message is partaking in an opportunistic abuse of power at the expense of innocent people exercising their rights to speak out against the injustices of a politically correct world."[103]

See also


  1. Robinson, B. A. "The Creativity Movement: Introduction". Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance. Retrieved March 19, 2012.
  2. Michael, George (2003). Confronting Right Wing Extremism and Terrorism in the USA. Routledge. p. 72. ISBN 1134377614.
  3. "Church Sues Hale's Group Over Trademark". Chicago Tribune. May 3, 2000. Retrieved March 19, 2012. A church based in Oregon filed a trademark-infringement lawsuit Tuesday in federal court in Chicago against the World Church of the Creator, led by white supremacist Matthew Hale of Downstate East Peoria.
  4. Klassen, Ben. "Foreword". Nature's Eternal Religion. Lighthouse Point, FL: Ken Klassen. p. 8.
  5. "The Creativity Movement". The Creativity Movement. Retrieved 2016-05-25.
  6. "World Church of the Creator". Retrieved 2016-05-25.
  7. 1 2 3 "World Church of the Creator". Retrieved 2016-05-25.
  8. Klassen, Ben. Victor Wolf, ed. The Little White Book: Fundamentals of the White Racial Religion Creativity for Daily Reading and Affirmation of the White Faith.
  9. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on April 19, 2014. Retrieved March 27, 2012.
  10. "The Website of Political Research Associates". Retrieved 2016-05-25.
  11. The Laws of Nature Are Eternal
  12. Life, Death and Immortality, Creativity movement
  13. "The Creativity Movement". Southern Poverty Law Center. Retrieved March 19, 2012.
  14. "13. Creativity Unique", Little White Book, Word press, Jan 21, 2011
  15. 1 2 Michael, George (2009). Theology of Hate: a History of the World Church of the Creator. University Press of Florida. ISBN 978-0-8130-3350-1.
  16. Klassen, Ben (1982). "Introduction". Salubrious Living. Lighthouse Point, Florida: Creativity Book Publisher. p. 2.
  17. Perry, Barbara (2009). Hate Crimes. Westport, Connecticut: Praeger Publishers. pp. The Victims of Hate Crime 37, Hate Crime Offenders 31. ISBN 978-0-275-99569-0.
  18. 1 2 "World Church of the Creator". Retrieved 2016-05-25.
  19. "Archived copy". Retrieved November 22, 2015.
  20. "Little White Book – 19 The Program to Overcome the Tyranny and Violence against the White Race | Little White Book". 2011-01-21. Retrieved 2016-05-25.
  21. 1 2 Robinson, B. A. "The Creativity Movement: Church Practices". Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance. Retrieved March 19, 2012.
  22. "Creator Calendar – Creativity Alliance". Retrieved 2016-05-25.
  23. "A Festival of White Racial Pride" (PDF). Retrieved 2016-05-25.
  24. "The Little White Book" (PDF). Retrieved 2016-05-25.
  25. Robinson, B. A. "The Creativity Movement". Retrieved July 19, 2013.
  26. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on April 26, 2012. Retrieved October 26, 2011.
  27. Terrorism in the United States (PDF), US: Justice Department, FBI, 1999, p. 4
  28. 1 2 "World Church of Creator founded in 1973". Helena Independent Record. March 27, 2004. Retrieved December 26, 2010.
  29. Michael, George, Theology of Hate: a History of the World Church of the Creator, p. 62
  30. Klassen, Ben, Trials, Tribulations, and Triumphs, p. 219
  31. Trials, Tribulations, and Triumphs
  32. ""Saving White Babies:" White Supremacists Raise Funds for Kalispell Crisis Pregnancy Center" (PDF). Montana Human Rights Netwrork. January 25, 2010. Retrieved July 19, 2013.
  33. "Prussian Blue Dresden 2007 STAND UP - YouTube". 2012-07-21. Retrieved 2016-05-25.
  34. "New York Post". Retrieved 2016-05-25.
  35. Ryan Lenz (2015-10-07). "Elsewhere on the Plains: Craig Cobb is Trying Once Again to Build a Home for Racists | Southern Poverty Law Center". Retrieved 2016-05-25.
  36. "Craig Cobb, White Supremacist, Wants To Rename City After Donald Trump « CBS New York". 2015-10-07. Retrieved 2016-05-25.
  37. The Toronto Star, August 14, 1993
  38. Intelligence Report, Fall 2001, Issue Number: 103
  39. Evan Osnos and James Janega. "ACLU Sides With Supremacist on Right to Obtain Law License." Chicago Tribune 12 Aug. 1999: 4. Print.
  40. "Review of Law License Denial." Washington Post 13 Nov. 1999: A5. Print.
  41. "Race extremist jailed in plot to kill judge". CNN. 2003-01-09. Retrieved August 17, 2007.
  42. "United States of America v. Matthew Hale" (PDF). Retrieved 2016-05-25.
  43. "White supremacist found guilty". 2004-04-26. Retrieved August 17, 2007.
  44. "SAPA - 17 Jul 96 - FEARS OF COMMUNISTS PROMPTED BRUTAL MURDERS:". Retrieved November 24, 2012.
  45. "David Lane". Retrieved 2016-05-25.
  46. Nicholas Goodrick-Clarke. "Black Sun: Aryan Cults, Esoteric Nazism, and the Politics of Identity". p. 247. Retrieved 2016-05-25.
  47. Jeffrey Kaplan. "Encyclopedia of White Power: A Sourcebook on the Radical Racist Right". p. 201. Retrieved 2016-05-25.
  48. Mattias Gardell. "Gods of the Blood: The Pagan Revival and White Separatism". p. 222. Retrieved 2016-05-25.
  49. "793 F.2d 232". Retrieved 2016-11-21.
  50. "United States of America, Plaintiff-appellee, v. Cattle King Packing Co., Inc., Rudolph G. "butch" Stanko,and Gary Waderich, Defendants-appellants, 793 F.2d 232 (10th Cir. 1986)". Justia Law. Retrieved 2016-11-21.
  55. "Business | FBI Says Bombing Of Naacp Just A Start -- Suspects Planned Racial Rampage, Court Papers Allege | Seattle Times Newspaper". Retrieved 2016-11-21.
  56. "You are being redirected...". Retrieved 2016-11-21.
  57. Florida Department of State, Document # 237320644
  58. "The Creativity Movement | Southern Poverty Law Center". Retrieved 2016-05-25.
  59. "The Creativity Movement". Religious tolerance. Retrieved November 24, 2012.
  60. "What's in a Name?". Southern Poverty Law Center. Winter 2002. Retrieved August 17, 2007.
  61. "Creator Crack-Up". Southern Poverty Law Center. Winter 2002. Retrieved August 17, 2007.
  62. White Supremacist Group Fined $1,000 a Day, The Anti-Defamation League, May 1, 2003
  63. Shia Kapos, Tribune staff reporter (April 25, 2003). "Hale church fined on trademark; U.S. judge sets penalty until it stops using name". Chicago Tribune. p. C3.
  64. "Appeals Court ruling" (PDF).
  65. same ruling at
  66. Note a U.S. Supreme Court denial of further review (certiorari) was issued in January, 2003."Supreme Court denial of certiorari)" (PDF).
  67. Heidi Beirich; Mark Potok (2003-04-15). "World Church of the Creator In Turmoil After Leader Matt Hale Imprisoned | Southern Poverty Law Center". Retrieved 2016-05-25.
  68. Natasha Korecki and Frank Main, "Hale gets max: 40 years in prison," Chicago Sun Times, 7 April 2005,
  69. "White supremacist sentenced after soliciting harm to federal juror - tribunedigital-chicagotribune". 2013-02-21. Retrieved 2016-05-25.
  70. "Active hate groups in the united states in 2015". Southern Poverty Law Center. Retrieved 29 March 2016.
  71. "If the sheet fits, wear it: white supremacy is like so passé", The Punch, In South Australia there’s a guy called Reverend Cailen Cambeul (he calls himself the racist formerly known as Colin Campbell
  72. "From the ashes neo–Nazi group now cal…", Intelligence Report, SPLC, Winter 2010
  73. "The creativity movement", Get informed, SPL center, In January 2007, a spin-off calling itself the Creativity Alliance was formed. It is composed of individuals from Klassen and Hale’s former groups and new members, but has no affiliation with the Creativity Movement
  74. About the Creativity Alliance (Policy), Creativity Alliance
  75. The Creativity Alliance does not proactively support Matthew F Hale, Rahowa directory
  76. "The Alliance: Issue Iii" (PDF). Retrieved 2016-05-25.
  77. "Smoky Mountain Church of Creativity". 2009-11-23. Archived from the original on November 23, 2009. Retrieved 2016-05-25.
  78. "The Creativity Directory: Creativity is a Religion for White People, by White People". 2009-09-25. Archived from the original on September 25, 2009. Retrieved 2016-05-25.
  79. Heidi Beirich (2015-05-20). "New Report Details Allegations of Massive Financial Improprieties in the neo-Nazi National Alliance | Southern Poverty Law Center". Retrieved 2016-05-25.
  80. "Chaos at the Compound | Southern Poverty Law Center". 2015-05-20. Retrieved 2016-05-25.
  81. ""National Alliance Implodes:" Racist Leaders Reject NA Chairman Will Williams' Excuses while Questioning His Judgment and Temperament | Southern Poverty Law Center". 2015-05-26. Retrieved 2016-05-25.
  82. Hamwi, Omar (29 March 2010), White Supremacists Target Penrith (editorial), AU: Penrith Press, retrieved October 26, 2011
  83. "NZ posters call for race riots", The age, Melbourne, AU, December 15, 2005
  84. "Wellington posters call for race riots", Herald, NZ, December 15, 2005
  85. Victory in Cronulla, AU: Australia/Israel Jewish Affairs Council
  86. Police say controversial leaflet claiming 'white race is nature's finest' is not illegal, UK: Liverpool Echo
  87. McCann, Lee (19 March 2015). "Inverbervie targeted by racist group". Kincardineshire Observer. Retrieved 29 March 2016.
  88. "SA Attorney-General wants racist website shut down". ABC Australia. 2006-01-31. Retrieved May 23, 2009.
  89. "Race hate website referred to police". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. January 31, 2006. Retrieved July 19, 2013.
  90. "Press council dismisses complaint against The punch", The punch, AU
  91. Legal disclaimer, Creativity Alliance, The Creativity Alliance makes no attempt to assume or supersede trademark
  92. Decision and Order: Peterson v. Wilmur Communications. 205 F.Supp.2d 1014 (2002). United States District Court for the Eastern District of Wisconsin.
  93. "Selected Cases on Religious Discrimination" (PDF). Office of Legal Counsel, United States Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. May 2005. p. 3.
  94. "ACLU Warns Chesterfield Not to Block World Church of the Creator Meeting in Public Library". American Civil Liberties Union of Virginia. September 17, 2002. Retrieved July 19, 2013.
  95. "White-supremacy group doesn't qualify as religion | First Amendment Center – news, commentary, analysis on free speech, press, religion, assembly, petition". 2009-12-11. Retrieved 2016-05-25.
  96. "What Makes a Religion a Religion Under Law?". Retrieved 2016-05-25.
  97. "The Little White Book" (PDF). Retrieved 2016-05-25.
  98. "Kaufman V. Mccaughtry | Findlaw". Retrieved 2016-05-25.
  99. "Hale v. Federal Bureau of Prisons et al, No. 1:2014cv00245 - Document 66 (D. Colo. 2015) :: Justia". Retrieved 2016-05-25.
  100. "Convicted felon awarded 'religion' decision". 2015-10-12. Retrieved 2016-05-25.
  101. "Leaflet claiming "the white race is nature's finest" slammed after being delivered in south Liverpool". Liverpool Echo. 24 March 2015. Retrieved 24 March 2015.

External links

This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 12/1/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.