Demographic economics

Demographic economics or population economics is the application of economic analysis to demography, the study of human populations, including size, growth, density, distribution, and vital statistics.[1][2]

Aspects of the subject include

Other subfields include measuring value of life[53][54] and the economics of the elderly[55][56][57] and the handicapped[58][59][60] and of gender,[61][62][63] race, minorities, and non-labor discrimination.[64][65] In coverage and subfields, it complements labor economics[66][67] and implicates a variety of other economics subjects.[68][69][70]


The Journal of Economic Literature classification codes are a way of categorizing subjects in economics. There, Demographic Economics is paired with Labor Economics as one of 19 primary classifications at JEL: J.[71] It has 8 subareas, which are listed below with JEL-code links to corresponding available article-preview links of The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics (2008) Online:

JEL: J10 (all) – General
JEL: J11 – Demographic Trends and Forecasts
JEL: J12Marriage; Marital Dissolution; Family Structure
JEL: J13Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
JEL: J14 – Economics of the Elderly; Economics of the Handicapped
JEL: J15 – Economics of Minorities and Races; Non-labor Discrimination
JEL: J16 – Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
JEL: J17Value of life; Foregone Income
JEL: J18 – Public Policy.

See also



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  36. Brander, James A.; Dowrick, Steve (1994). "The role of fertility and population in economic growth". Journal of Population Economics. 7 (1): 1–25. doi:10.1007/BF00160435. PMID 12287546.
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  39. Arrow, K.; Bolin, B.; Costanza, R.; Dasgupta, P.; Folke, C.; Holling, C. S.; Jansson, B.-O.; Levin, S.; Mäler, K.-G.; Perrings, C.; Pimentel, D. (1995). "Economic Growth, Carrying Capacity, and the Environment". Science. 268 (5210): 520–1. doi:10.1126/science.268.5210.520. PMID 17756719.
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  43. National Research Council (1986). Population Growth and Economic Development: Policy Questions. National Academies Press. ISBN 978-0-309-03641-2.
  44. Theodore W. Schultz, 1981. Investing in People: The Economics of Population Quality, University of California Press. Description and chapter-preview links.
  45. Sen, Amartya (1995). "Authoritarianism versus Cooperation" (PDF). International Lecture Series on Population Issues. John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation. Republished as Sen, Amartya (1997). "Population policy: Authoritarianism versus cooperation". Journal of Population Economics. 10: 3. doi:10.1007/s001480050029. JSTOR 20007525.
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  47. Samuelson, Paul A. (December 1958). "An Exact Consumption-Loan Model of Interest with or without the Social Contrivance of Money". Journal of Political Economy. 66 (6): 467–82. doi:10.1086/258100. JSTOR 1826989.
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  65. Sowell, Thomas (1995). Race and Culture: A World View. Basic Books. ISBN 978-0-465-06797-8.
  66. JEL classification codes#Labor and demographic economics JEL: J Subcategories.
  67. Labor and Demographic Economics: Demographic Economics, NBER Working Paper abstract links from the National Bureau of Economic Research.
  68. Assaf Razin and Efraim Sadka, 1996. Population Economics. MIT Press. Description & chapter previews.
  69. Rosenzweig, Mark R.; Stark, Oded (1997). "Handbook of Population and Family Economics Volume 1". Handbook of Population and Family Economics. 1: 1. doi:10.1016/S1574-003X(97)80018-9. ISBN 9780444826459. |chapter= ignored (help)
  70. Search of The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics Online, "population OR demography".
  71. Of which a complete list for JEL: J with corresponding Wikipedia links is at JEL classification codes#Labor and demographic economics JEL: J Subcategories.


"Ageing Populations," pp. 1-3, by Robert L. Clark
"Declining Population," pp. 10-15, by Robin Barlow
"Demographic Transition," pp. 16-23, by Ansley J. Coale
"Extended Family," pp. 58-63, by Oliva Harris
"Family," pp. 65-76, by Gary S. Becker
"Fertility," pp.77-89, by Richard A. Easterlin
"Gender," pp. 95-108, by Francine D. Blau
"Race and Economics," pp. 215-218, by H. Stanback
"Value of Life," pp.289-76, by Thomas C. Schelling


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