Global macro

Global macro is an investment strategy based on the interpretation and prediction of large-scale events related to national economies, history, and international relations. The strategy typically employs forecasts and analysis of interest rate trends, international trade and payments, political changes, government policies, inter-government relations, and other broad systemic factors.

Other definitions

A noted example of what is now called a Global Macro strategy was George Soros' profitable sale of the pound sterling in 1992 prior to the European Rate Mechanism debacle.[1]:225[2]

In the 2010, Opalesque Roundtable[3] discussion of global macro, hedge fund manager John Burbank discussed the increasing importance and shift of private and institutional investors toward more global macro strategies. Burbank defined global macro as "having a reason to be long or short something that is bigger than a fundamental stock view."

Global macro trading

Global macro trading strategies are based on educated guesses about the macroeconomic developments of the world. Mike Novogratz, former president of Fortress Investment Group, runs a global investment management firm with total assets under management of approximately $41.6 billion and $4.3 billion in a global macrohedge fund in 2015 discussed global macro trading in his video interview.[4] Novogratz described global macro strategies as monitoring these macroeconomic stories, such as global imbalances, business cycles, the survival of the Euro, and changing growth models of emerging economies. He says that there is an inherent difference between global macro fund managers and traditional equity managers. Most long/short equity managers started in research as analysts and look to follow these macroeconomic stories based on what positions they believe in and stock positions they rely on.

On the other hand, global macro traders and managers focus primarily on the risk side of trading. For macro traders and managers, the primary element in decision-making is risk, because when investing in such a speculative world there are so many risk factors and moving data points that they must take into account. Macro traders are not fundamentalists; they rely on risk management and staying liquid to avoid a liquidity crisis. In 2007 and 2008, with the credit bubble where there was a long period of low volatility and illiquidity, many global macro funds found themselves with liquidity problems.

Types of the strategy

Neil Azous, the Founder and Managing Member of Rareview Macro LLC, explains that Global Macro Trading is grouped into three strategies: Discretionary, Commodity Trading Advisor (CTA)/Managed Futures, and Systematic. As noted by Azous:


  1. Drobny, Steven (2006). Inside the House of Money. Wiley. ISBN 0-471-79447-3.
  2. Drobny, Steven (December 2013). Inside the House of Money: Top Hedge Fund Traders in the Global Markets. Wiley (2 ed.). p. 368. ISBN 978-1-118-84328-4. Retrieved 31 December 2015.| Foreword by Niall Ferguson
  3. "Opalesque Roundtable", Opaluesque, San Francisco, 2010, retrieved 31 December 2015
  4. "Mike_Novogratz Part 1: Opalesque TV", YouTube, 2010, retrieved 31 December 2015

External links

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