Lands inhabited by indigenous peoples

The lands inhabited by indigenous peoples receive different treatments around the world. Many countries have specific legislation, definitions, nomenclature, objectives, etc., for such lands. To protect indigenous land rights, special rules are sometimes created to protect the areas they live in. In other cases, governments establish "reserves" with the intention of segregation. Some indigenous peoples live in places where their right to land is not recognised, or not effectively protected.

By country

In Australia

In Belize

  • Aguacate Indian Reservation, Toledo
  • Black Creek Indian Reservation, Toledo
  • Blue Creek Indian Reservation, Toledo
  • Crique Sarco Indian Reservation, Toledo
  • Graham Creek Indian Reservation, Toledo
  • Hinchasones Indian Reservation, Toledo
  • Machaca Indian Reservation, Toledo
  • Xpicilha Indian Reservation, Toledo

In Bolivia

es:Autonomía indígena originario campesina

TCO Location Size
Date Established Established by Indigenous Peoples Previous Status
Sirionó Indigenous Territory 52,408.71 ha[1] 24 September 1990[2] Supreme Decree 22609 Sirionó
Isiboro Sécure National Park and Indigenous Territory Cochabamba/Beni Department border 1,372,180 ha 24 September 1990[2] Supreme Decree 22610 Trinitario Mojeño, Yuracaré, Chimán National Park (since 1965)
Multiethnic Indigenous Territory I Beni 365,483.26 ha[1] 24 September 1990[2] Supreme Decree 22611 Trinitario Mojeño, Ignaciano Mojeño, Movima, Yuracaré, Chimán
Chimán Indigenous Territory I Beni 337,360.44 ha[1] 24 September 1990[2]
Pilón Lajas Biosphere Reserve and Communal Lands Yungas region, northern La Paz Department and Beni 400,000 ha 9 April 1992[2] Supreme Decree 23110 Mosetén, Tsimané, Tacana Biosphere Reserve (since 1977)
Chayantaka Native Community Lands north Potosí 36,366.79 July 2005[3] INRA titling completed Chayantaka ayllu
Lomerío Chiquitano Indigenous Territory 259,188 9 April 1992
June 2006
Supreme Decree 23112
INRA Titling Complete
Monte Verde Chiquitano Indigenous Territory Ñuflo de Chávez Province, Santa Cruz 947,440.8 3 July 2007 Titling completed and awarded Chiquitano
Araona Indigenous Territory 9 April 1992[2] Supreme Decree 23108
Yuki Indigenous Territory Cochabamba 9 April 1992[2] Supreme Decree 23111 Yuki, Yuracaré
Yuracaré Native Community Lands Cochabamba Yuracaré
Avatiri Ingre Native Community Lands Chuquisaca Guaraní
Avatiri Huacareta Native Community Lands Chuquisaca Guaraní
Avatiri Ingre Native Community Lands Chuquisaca Guaraní
Machareti-Ñancaroinza-Carandayti Native Community Lands Chuquisaca Guaraní
Itikaraparirenda Native Community Lands Chuquisaca Guaraní
Alto Parapetí Native Community Lands Santa Cruz Guaraní Ranches with Guaraní in conditions of servitude[4]
Nor Lípez Native Community Lands Nor Lípez Province, Potosí 2,000,291 19 April 2011 INRA titling completed Central Única Provincial de Comunidades Originarias de Nor Lípez[5]
Jatun Ayllu-Juchuy Ayllu-Chaupi Ayllu Native Community Lands Sur Lípez Province, Potosí 1,557,532 19 April 2011 INRA titling completed Jatun Ayllu, Juchuy Ayllu, Chaupi Ayllu indigenous communities[5]
Enrique Baldivieso Native Community Lands Enrique Baldivieso Province, Potosí 227,003 19 April 2011 INRA titling completed Central Única de la Provincia de Comunidades Originarias Enrique Baldivieso[5]

In Brazil

In Canada

In Colombia

In Costa Rica

In Dominica

Carib Territory

In Finland and Scandinavia


In Guyana

In India

In Pakistan

In Peru

Communal reserves are conservation areas for flora and fauna, allowing traditional use for the rural populations surrounding the areas. The use and marketing of the natural resources within the communal reserve is conducted by the same rural populations.[10]

Reserve Date Area (ha)
Yanesha 28 April 1988 34,744
El Sira 22 June 2001 616,413
Amarakaeri 9 May 2002 402,335
Asháninka 14 January 2003 184,468
Machiguenga 14 January 2003 218,905
Purús 20 November 2004 202,033
Tuntanain 10 August 2007 94,967
Chayu Nain 9 December 2009 23,597

In the Philippines

In Russia

Autonomous okrugs of Russia

In South Africa

In United States

Conservation of nature

Some lands inhabited for indigenous peoples can be considered as Indigenous and Community Conserved Area.

See also


  1. 1 2 3 Torrico, Ismael Guzmán; Eulogio Núñez (2008-01-01). Saneamiento de la tierra en seis regiones de Bolivia 1996-2007. CIPCA. p. 36. ISBN 978-99954-35-05-9.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Oyarzún, José Aylwin; Universidad de la Frontera. Programa de Derechos Indígenas, WALIR (Organization), International Work Group for Indigenous Affairs (2004). Derechos humanos y pueblos indígenas: tendencias internacionales y contexto chileno. IWGIA. p. 182. ISBN 978-956-236-161-3. Cite uses deprecated parameter |coauthors= (help)
  3. Torrico, José Antonio Rocha; Carla María Bazoalto Olmos; Luis Fernando Cuéllar Camargo (2008-01-01). Autonomías indígenas, construcción de nación y fortalecimiento del Estado: estudios de caso en las regiones Norte de Potosí, guaraní del Isoso y kallawaya. FUNDACION PIEB. p. 55. ISBN 978-99954-32-25-6.
  4. Inter-American Commission on Human Rights. Bolivia - Situation of the Guarani Indigenous People. Retrieved 2011-07-17. at paragraph 200.
  5. 1 2 3 Instituto Nacional de Reforma Agraria (2011-04-19). "INRA entregó títulos ejecutoriales a tres Tierras Comunitarias de Origen de Potosí". Retrieved 2011-07-26.
  6. Boruca Indian Reservation Tour
  7. Costa Rica Spanish School IECR - Guaymi Indian Reservation in Costa Rica | Costa Rica Spanish School IECR - Costa Rica Spanish School IECR
  8. Horse Treks and Guayami Indian Reservation - Pavones - Top Rated Costa Rica Horseback Ridings
  9. Guyana Fishing and Outdoor Nature Destination Maps Directory |
  10. "El Sistema Nacional de Áreas Naturales Protegidas por el Estado - SINANPE". Peru - Ministerio del Ambiente -. Retrieved 2 May 2013.

External links

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