List of IOC country codes
The International Olympic Committee (IOC) uses three-letter abbreviation country codes to refer to each group of athletes that participate in the Olympic Games. Each code usually identifies a National Olympic Committee (NOC), but there are several codes that have been used for other instances in past Games, such as teams composed of athletes from multiple nations, or groups of athletes not formally representing any nation.
Several of the IOC codes are different from the standard ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 codes. Other sporting organisations, such as FIFA, use similar country codes to refer to their respective teams, but with some differences. Still others, such as the Commonwealth Games Federation or Association of Tennis Professionals, use the IOC list verbatim.
The 1956 Winter Olympics and 1960 Summer Olympics were the first Games to feature Initials of Nations to refer to each NOC in the published official reports. However, the codes used at the next few Games were often based on the host nation's language (e.g., GIA for Japan at the 1956 Winter Olympics and 1960 Summer Olympics, both held in Italy, from Italian Giappone) or based on the French name for the nation (e.g., COR for Korea, from Corée). By the 1972 Winter Olympics, most codes were standardized on the current usage, but several have changed in recent years. Additionally, the dissolution of the Soviet Union, division and unification of Germany, breakup of Yugoslavia, dissolution of Czechoslovakia, and several other instances of geographical renaming have all resulted in code changes.
In addition to this list of over 200 NOCs, the participation of National Paralympic Committees (NPCs) at the Paralympic Games requires standardised IOC codes, such as Macau and the Faroe Islands, coded MAC and FRO respectively.
There are 206 current NOCs (National Olympic Committees) within the Olympic Movement. The following tables show the currently used code for each NOC and any different codes used in past Games, per the official reports from those Games. Some of the past code usage is further explained in the following sections. Codes used specifically for a Summer Games only or a Winter Games only, within the same year, are indicated by "S" and "W" respectively.
|Code||Link||Nation (NOC)||Other codes used|
|ALG||Algeria||AGR (1964), AGL (1968 S)|
|ANT||Antigua and Barbuda|
|BEN||Benin||DAY (1964), DAH (1968–1976)|
|BIH||Bosnia and Herzegovina||BSH (1992 S)|
|BUR||Burkina Faso||VOL (1972–1984)|
|CAF||Central African Republic||AFC (1968)|
|CAM||Cambodia||CAB (1964), KHM (1972–1976)|
|CHI||Chile||CIL (1956 W, 1960 S)|
|CHN||China||PRC (1952 S)|
|CIV||Ivory Coast||IVC (1964), CML (1968)|
|COD||DR Congo||COK (1968), ZAI (1972–1996)|
|CRC||Costa Rica||COS (1964)|
|CZE||Czech Republic||TCH (1984)|
|DEN||Denmark||DAN (1960 S, 1968 W), DIN (1968 S)|
|EGY||Egypt||RAU (1960, 1968), UAR (1964)|
|ESA||El Salvador||SAL (1964–1976)|
|ESP||Spain||SPA (1956–1964, 1968 W)|
|ETH||Ethiopia||ETI (1960, 1968)|
|GBR||Great Britain||GRB (1956 W–1960), GBI (1964)|
|GER||Germany||ALL (1968 W), ALE (1968 S)|
|GUY||Guyana||GUA (1960), GUI (1964)|
|HKG||Hong Kong||HOK (1960–1968)|
|HUN||Hungary||UNG (1956 W, 1960 S)|
|IRI||Iran||IRN (1956–1988), IRA (1968 W)|
|IRQ||Iraq||IRK (1960, 1968)|
|ISL||Iceland||ICE (1960 W, 1964 S)|
|IVB||British Virgin Islands|
|JPN||Japan||GIA (1956 W, 1960 S), JAP (1960 W)|
|KOR||South Korea||COR (1956 W, 1960 S, 1968 S, 1972 S)|
|KSA||Saudi Arabia||ARS (1968–1976), SAU (1980–1984)|
|LBA||Libya||LYA (1964), LBY (1968 W)|
|LBN||Lebanon||LEB (1960 W, 1964 S), LIB (1964-2016)|
|LIE||Liechtenstein||LIC (1956 W, 1964 S, 1968 W)|
|LTU||Lithuania||LIT (1992 W)|
|MGL||Mongolia||MON (1968 W)|
|MYA||Myanmar||BIR (1960, 1968–1988), BUR (1964)|
|NCA||Nicaragua||NCG (1964), NIC (1968)|
|NED||Netherlands||OLA (1956 W), NET (1960 W), PBA (1960 S), NLD (1964 S), HOL (1968–1988)|
|NGR||Nigeria||NIG (1960 S), NGA (1964)|
|NZL||New Zealand||NZE (1960, 1968 W)|
|PHI||Philippines||FIL (1960, 1968)|
|PNG||Papua New Guinea||NGY (1976–1980), NGU (1984–1988)|
|PRK||North Korea||NKO (1964 S, 1968 W), CDN (1968)|
|PUR||Puerto Rico||PRI (1960), PRO (1968)|
|ROU||Romania||ROM (1956–1960, 1972–2006), RUM (1964–1968)|
|RSA||South Africa||SAF (1960–1972)|
|SKN||Saint Kitts and Nevis|
|SLE||Sierra Leone||SLA (1968)|
|SMR||San Marino||SMA (1960–1964)|
|SRI||Sri Lanka||CEY (1960-1964, 1972), CEI (1968 S)|
|STP||São Tomé and Príncipe|
|SUI||Switzerland||SVI (1956 W, 1960 S), SWI (1960 W, 1964 S)|
|SWE||Sweden||SVE (1956 W, 1960 S), SUE (1968 S)|
|SYR||Syria||RAU (1960), SIR (1968)|
|TLS||Timor-Leste||IOA (Individual Olympic Athletes, 2000)|
|TPE||Chinese Taipei||RCF (1960), TWN (1964–1968), ROC (1972–1976)|
|TTO||Trinidad and Tobago||TRT (1964–1968) TRI (1972–2012)|
|UAE||United Arab Emirates|
|USA||United States||SUA (1960 S), EUA (1968 S)|
|VIE||Vietnam||VET (1964), VNM (1968–1976)|
|VIN||Saint Vincent and the Grenadines|
Historic NOCs and teams
Codes still in use
|Code||Nation/Team||Other codes used|
|BWI||British West Indies||ANT (1960, 1968), WID (1964)|
|EUA||United Team of Germany||GER (1956–1964)|
|FRG||West Germany||ALL (1968 W), ALE (1968 S), GER (1972–1976)|
|GDR||East Germany||ADE (1968)|
|SCG||Serbia and Montenegro||YUG (1996 S-2002 W)|
|TCH||Czechoslovakia||CSL (1956 W), CZE (1960 W), CSV (1960 S), CZS (1964 S), CHE (1968 S)|
|URS||Soviet Union||SOV (1968 W)|
|YUG||Yugoslavia||JUG (1956–1960, 1968 W), YUS (1964 S)|
|BIR||Burma||1948–1988||Now Myanmar (MYA)|
|CEY||Ceylon||1948–1972||Now Sri Lanka (SRI)|
|DAH||Dahomey||1964–1976||Now Benin (BEN)|
|GUI||British Guiana||1948–1964||Now Guyana (GUY)|
|HBR||British Honduras||1968–1972||Now Belize (BIZ)|
|KHM||Khmer Republic||1972–1976||Now Cambodia (CAM)|
|MAL||Malaya||1956–1960|| Competed independently prior to the formation of Malaysia in 1963.|
Now Malaysia (MAS)
|NRH||Northern Rhodesia||1964||Now Zambia (ZAM)|
|RAU||United Arab Republic||1960||Now Egypt (EGY) |
and Syria (SYR)
|RHO||Rhodesia||1960–1972||Now Zimbabwe (ZIM)|
|ROC||Republic of China||1932–1976||Now competing under the name ' Chinese Taipei (TPE)'|
|SAA||Saar||1952||Competed independently prior to rejoining West Germany (FRG) in 1957.|
|UAR||United Arab Republic||1964–1968||Now Egypt (EGY)|
|VOL||Upper Volta||1972–1984||Now Burkina Faso (BUR)|
|YAR||North Yemen||1984–1988|| Competed independently prior to Yemeni unification in 1990.|
Now Yemen (YEM)
|ZAI||Zaire||1972–1996||Now DR Congo (COD)|
|——||Gold Coast||1952||Now Ghana (GHA)|
Two other significant code changes have occurred, both because of a change in the nation's designation as used by the IOC:
- HOL was changed to NED for the Netherlands for the 1992 Games, reflecting the change in designation from Holland.
- IRN was changed to IRI for Iran for the 1992 Games, reflecting the change in designation to Islamic Republic of Iran.
- ANZ is now used in the IOC's medal database to identify the team from Australasia, composed of athletes from both Australia and New Zealand for the 1908 and 1912 Games. By 1920, both nations competed separately.
- EUA is now used in the IOC's medal database to identify the United Team of Germany, composed of athletes representing the NOCs of both East Germany and West Germany for the 1956–1964 Games. At the time, the team was simply known as Germany in the official reports for those six Games.
- EUN was used in 1992 (both Summer and Winter Games) for the Unified Team, composed of athletes from most of the ex-republics of the Soviet Union. Only the Baltic states were able to compete as independent teams in 1992; the other twelve new nations competed independently for the first time in 1994 and/or 1996.
- IOP was used for Independent Olympic Participants at the 1992 Summer Olympics as a designation used for athletes from FR Yugoslavia who could not compete as a team due to United Nations sanctions. At the 1992 Summer Olympics IOP was used as a designation for athletes from the Republic of Macedonia too. IOP was also used during the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi by Indian athletes due to the Indian Olympic Association suspension.
- IOA was used for Individual Olympic Athletes in 2000, a designation used for athletes from Timor-Leste prior to the formation of its NOC. IOA was used again in the 2012 Games, when it stood for Independent Olympic Athletes, comprising athletes from the former Netherlands Antilles and a runner from South Sudan. The Netherlands Antilles Olympic Committee's membership from the IOC was withdrawn the previous year, and South Sudan has not formed an NOC. IOA was used again in 2016 for athletes from Kuwait as a result of the suspension of its National Olympic Committee.
- IOC was used as the country code for Athletes from Kuwait at the 2010 Asian Games, as the Kuwait Olympic Committee was suspended.
- MIX is used as the country code for Mixed NOCs at the Youth Olympics.
- ROT will be used as the country code for the Refugee Olympic Team at the 2016 Summer Olympics for athletes to compete who have been displaced from their home countries.
- ZZX is used to identify medals won by mixed teams of athletes from multiple nations (such as the combination of France and Great Britain, for example), a situation that happened several times in the Games of 1896, 1900, and 1904.
- Comparison of IOC, FIFA, and ISO 3166 country codes
- List of FIFA country codes
- Lists of National Olympic Committees by continental association:
- List of participating nations at the Summer Olympic Games
- List of participating nations at the Winter Olympic Games
- Mallon, Bill; Ove Karlsson (May 2004). "IOC and OCOG Abbreviations for NOCs" (PDF). Journal of Olympic History. 12 (2): 25–28. Retrieved 2008-02-08.
- Faroe Islands
- Macau, China
- Official name given to the Republic of China for Olympic competition
- "Olympic Medal Winners". International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 2008-02-08.
- "Mixed NOCs".
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