Marine Corps War College
Seal of the Marine Corps War College
|Dean||Dr. Rebecca Johnson|
|Director||David Eskelund, Colonel, U.S. Marine Corps|
|Location||Quantico, Virginia, United States of America|
|Affiliations||Marine Corps University|
The Marine Corps War College (MCWAR), is the senior school of the Marine Corps University, providing Joint Professional Military Education (JPME) to selected United States military officers, civilian Government officials, and international military officers. The College prepares officers for future senior command and staff responsibilities requiring exceptional operational competence, sound military judgment, and strategic thinking. The college is located within the Marine Corps University aboard Marine Corps Base Quantico, Virginia.
On 1 August 1990, the 29th Commandant of the Marine Corps, General Alfred M. Gray, Jr., instituted the Art of War Studies program under the Marine Corps Command and Staff College. General Gray's vision was to establish a "world-class educational institution for the study of war and the profession of arms." The original seminar was attended by six lieutenant colonels and was ten months long. Following General Gray’s vision and charter, the course of study matured into the current College and was patterned after other United States military senior-level service colleges. By 1999, the college became an accredited JPME Phase-I institution, enrolling 16 students from all five branches of the Armed Forces and various government agencies. In 2002, the college received full accreditation from both the United States Department of Education and the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools to confer a Master of Strategic Studies degree. In 2006, the college received JPME Phase-II accreditation. In 2009, the college expanded its student population and opened enrollment to include international military officers. The maximum enrollment per academic year is 30 students. In 2011, the College published the inaugural edition of the "MCWAR Papers" in cooperation with the Marine Corps University Press. The MCWAR papers is compilation of select, analytical papers by the College's students on strategic-level issues of national importance.
MCWAR is located in Dunlap Hall aboard Marine Corps Base Quantico, Virginia. Dunlap Hall is named in honor of Brigadier General Robert H. Dunlap, USMC. BGen Dunlap served during the Spanish–American War, Philippine–American War, and World War I. He died on May 19, 1931 in Cinc-Mars la Pile, France while attempting to save a French woman from a landslide.
The curriculum is designed to ensure officers "develop intellectual and technical approaches to warfighting and strategic thinking, hone military judgment, evaluate methodologies, expand academic expertise, and sharpen teaching skills through reading, research, writing, and participation in seminars." In order to achieve this, the curriculum partners military competence with political, economic, social, and informational studies which converge to form a complete national strategy. Collaborative efforts with various organizations provides a diverse educational experience on complex topics. Students routinely interact with policy makers such as the Secretary of Defense, the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the Secretary of Homeland Defense, the Director of the FBI, the National Security Adviser, and members of congress. Non-government agencies such as JP Morgan, the Council on Foreign Relations, the New York Stock Exchange, and J Walter Thompson are also engaged to supplement the College's coursework. Domestic and international travel opportunities are integrated with the curriculum to provide a global perspective These travel opportunities have included trips to Unified Combatant Commands such as United States Central Command (USCENTCOM) as well as international trips to allies in Europe, Asia, and Latin America.
The curriculum is administered through a ten-month resident program consisting of 42 credit hours in the following core courses:
- Leadership and Ethics
- Economics and National Power
- War, Policy, and Strategy
- National Security and Joint Warfare
- Diplomacy and Statecraft
- Advanced Studies Program
In addition to the curriculum, extracurricular educational activities are offered through the auspices of The Marine Corps University, Library of the Marine Corps (Alfred M. Gray Research Center), National Museum of the Marine Corps, Marine Corps University Foundation, and Marine Corps Heritage Foundation.
Graduates are awarded a Master of Strategic Studies degree and JPME Phase-II certification by the President of the Marine Corps University. The degree is accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools.
Throughout the academic year numerous distinguished guests visit the College to lead small group seminars, and give lectures:
- The Honorable Robert M. Gates, Secretary of Defense
- The Honorable Andrew Card, Former White House Chief of Staff, George W. Bush administration
- General (Ret) Peter Pace USMC, Former Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
- General (Ret) Anthony Zinni, USMC, Former Commander of Central Command
- Dr. David Kilcullen, Special Advisor for Counterinsurgency to the Secretary of State
- General James T. Conway, Commandant of the Marine Corps
- General Knud Bartels, Charman of the Military Committee, NATO
- Admiral Thad W. Allen, Commandant of the Coast Guard
- Lieutenant General Robert Schmidle, USMC
- Ambassador Ronald Schleicher
- General Norton A. Schwartz, Chief of Staff of the Air Force
- Ambassador Charles S. Shapiro
- Ambassador Donald Yamamoto
- General David Petraeus USA, Commanding General, Central Command
- Lieutenant General (Ret) Paul Van Riper, USMC
- General George W. Casey Jr., Chief of Staff of the Army
- Ambassador Robert O. Blake Jr.
- Sgt. Major Gerald D. Marshall USMC Ret.
- General (Ret) Michael Hayden USAF, Former Director of the CIA
- Admiral Michael Mullen USN, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
- Justice Antonin Scalia, United States Supreme Court
- Admiral Gary Roughead, Chief of Naval Operations
- Charles Robb, Former Senator from Virginia
- Admiral Robert J. Papp, Jr., Commandant of the Coast Guard
- Lieutenant General H. R. McMaster, Director of the Army Capabilities Integration Center, Author
Students and admissions
Admission to the College is based on allocations granted by the Commandant of the Marine Corps and are solicited each academic year through a Marine Administrative Message. The admissions policy supports the mission and purpose of the College and reflects the needs of the United States Marine Corps and the educational criteria of the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff's Officer Professional Military Education Policy. The student body is composed from three distinct populations:
- U.S. Military officers
- United States Marine Corps
- United States Army
- United States Air Force
- United States Navy
- United States Coast Guard
- Government officials
- Central Intelligence Agency
- Defense Intelligence Agency
- Department of State
- Federal Bureau of Investigation
- International military officers have attended from
- Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan
- Georgian Republic
- New Zealand
- South Korea
- Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
- Islamic Republic of Pakistan
- United Arab Emirates
- Republic of the Philippines
- Republic of Indonesia
Invitation, nomination, and admission to the College vary by student type: U.S. military officers are admitted through their services' selection/assignment processes; Federal Government civilian employees are admitted through an invitational nomination and approval process; International military officers are selected through the Department of State.
As of 1995, the number of graduates promoted to O-6 (Colonel) was 93% which exceeds the Marine Corps average. Also, 96% have been selected for command.
Notable U.S. graduates
- Lieutenant General John F. Goodman, USMC, Class of 1991
- Lieutenant General Richard Kramlich, USMC, Class of 1992
- Lieutenant General Howard Bromberg, USA, Class of 1998
- Lieutenant General Robert Schmidle, USMC, Class of 1996
- Lieutenant General Thomas Conant, USMC, Class of 1995
- Major General Richard Comer, USAF, Class of 1993
- Major General Timothy Donovan, USMC, Class of 1994
- Major General Paul E. Lefebvre, USMC, Class of 1999
- Major General Charles Hudson, USMC, Class of 2001
- Major General Christopher Owens, USMC, Class of 2003
- Rear Admiral (upper half) Bruce Baffer, USCG, Class of 2005
- Brigadier General William W. Uhle Jr, USAF, Class of 1999
- Brigadier General David Reist, USMC, Class of 2000
- Brigadier General Frank Kelley, USMC, Class of 2004
- Brigadier General John Lehr, USA, Class of 2004
- Brigadier General George Smith, USMC, Class of 2004
- Brigadier General David Smith, USA, Class of 2004
- Brigadier General Eric Smith, USMC, Class of 2004
- Brigadier General Scott Miller, USA, Class of 2005
- Brigadier General Kevin Schneider, USAF, Class of 2005
- Brigadier General Matthew Glavy, Class of 2006
Notable international graduates
- Major General Muhammad Abid Nazir, Pakistan Army, Class of 2010
- Brigadier General Rafique Abid, Pakistan Army, Class of 2011
- Brigadier General Ismail Shqairat, Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, Class of 2012
- Major General Muhammad Chiragh Haider, Pakistan Army, Class of 2014
- National War College
- Industrial College of the Armed Forces
- Naval War College
- Army War College
- Air War College
- Marine Corps University
- United States Marine Corps Training and Education Command
- Marine Corps Combat Development Command
- "Officer Professional Military Education: Marine Corps". Marine Corps Times. Retrieved 2010-11-08.
- Southwick, Curt B. (1991). "The Marine Corps Art of War Studies." Marine Corps Gazette, 75(1), 47.
- "Officer Professional Military Education: Marine Corps". Marine Corps Times. Retrieved 2010-11-08.
- "Yearly Chronologies of the United States Marine Corps-1991". U.S. Marine Corps. Retrieved 2010-11-08.
- "Marine Corps University History" (PDF). Marine Corps War College. Retrieved 2010-11-08.
- Schultz, Tammy s, ed. (2011). "Preparing for an Era of Persistent Conflict." MCWAR Papers 2010, v.
- Southwick, Curt B. (1991). "The Marine Corps Art of War Studies." Marine Corps Gazette, 75(1), 47-48.
- Schultz, Tammy s, ed. (2011). "Preparing for an Era of Persistent Conflict." MCWAR Papers 2010, iii.
- Southwick, Curt B. (1991). "The Marine Corps Art of War Studies." Marine Corps Gazette, 75(1), 48.
- Bedard, Emil R. (1995). "Great Leaders Teach and Great Teachers Lead." Marine Corps Gazette, 79(1), 24.
- "Marine Corps University Academic Year 2010-2011 Catalog" (PDF). Marine Corps University. Retrieved 2011-05-24.
- "Marine Corps University: Masters Degrees," 10 U.S.C. § 7102 (1997).
- "MCWAR". Marine Corps University. Retrieved 2011-05-23.
- "Academic Year (AY) 11-12 Top Level School (TLS) Selection Board Announcement". U.S. Marines. Retrieved 2010-11-08.
- Bedard, Emil R. (1995). "Great Leaders Teach and Great Teachers Lead." Marine Corps Gazette, 79(1), 25.
- This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Marine Corps.
- "Robert H. Dunlap". Arlington National Cemetery. Retrieved 2011-02-02.
- "Marine Corps University Foundation". Marine Corps University Foundation. Retrieved 2011-05-23.