North Sulawesi

North Sulawesi
Sulawesi Utara
Clockwise, from top left : Mount Tampusu, Lake Tondano, Bunaken National Park, Mount Lokon


Motto: Si Tou Timou Tumou Tou (Minahasan)
(Human purpose in life is to nurture and educate others)

Location of North Sulawesi in Indonesia
Coordinates: 1°15′N 124°50′E / 1.250°N 124.833°E / 1.250; 124.833Coordinates: 1°15′N 124°50′E / 1.250°N 124.833°E / 1.250; 124.833
Country  Indonesia
Capital Manado
  Governor Olly Dondokambey
  Vice Governor Steven Kandouw
  Total 13,851.64 km2 (5,348.15 sq mi)
Population (2014)[1]
  Total 2,382,941
  Density 170/km2 (450/sq mi)
  Ethnic groups Minahasan, Mongondow, Sangirese, Talaud, Gorontaloan, Bugis, Javanese
  Religion Protestantism (63.6%), Islam (30.9%), Roman Catholicism (4.4%), Hinduism (0.58%), Buddhism (0.14%), Confucianism (0.02%)
  Languages Indonesian (official), Manado Malay (lingua franca)
Time zone WITA (UTC+8)
Vehicle registration DB, DL (Sangihe & Talaud Islands)
HDI Steady 0.696 (Medium)
HDI rank 8th (2014)

North Sulawesi (Indonesian: Sulawesi Utara) is a province of Indonesia. It is located on the northern peninsula of the island of Sulawesi, on the Minahasa Peninsula. The province's capital and largest city is Manado, and its population was 2,270,596 according to the 2010 census;[2] the latest official estimate (for January 2014) is 2,382,941.


North Sulawesi recorded 2,270,596 people in the decennial 2010 Census, with 1,157,551 males and 1,108,378 females, growing at 1.41% over the previous census.[3] The slowest growing regency was that of the Sangihe Islands. In 2010, about 68% were Christian (predominantly Protestant with a sizable Catholic minority), one of the few exceptions in the predominantly Muslim Indonesia, due to the prominent Dutch missionary activity during the colonial era. Also, because the Muslim-majority region of Gorontalo (then comprising a city and two regencies) was split off to form a new province in 2000. There are also Muslim, Hindu, and Buddhist minorities. The largest ethnic groups are the Minahasan in the north of the province and the Mongondow to the south. The province's chief city is Manado with population of 430,790 people in 2014.

Historical population
1971 1,718,543    
1980 2,115,384+23.1%
1990 2,478,119+17.1%
1995 2,649,093+6.9%
2000 2,000,872−24.5%
2010 2,270,596+13.5%
2014 2,382,941+4.9%
Source: Badan Pusat Statistik 2011.
The decline in 2000 is due to the separation of Gorontalo Province.

Administrative divisions

North Sulawesi is divided into eleven regencies (Indonesian: kabupaten) and four independent cities (Indonesian: kotamadya), listed below with their areas and their populations at the 2010 Census and according to the latest official estimate (for January 2014).

Name Area (km2) Population
Census 2010
Estimate 2014
Sangihe Islands Regency
(Kepulauan Sangihe)
461.11 126,100132,339 Tahuna
Sitaro Islands Regency
(Kepulauan Siau Tagulandang Biaro)
275.9663,80166,958 Ondong Siau
Talaud Islands Regency
(Kepulauan Talaud)
1,240.40 83,43487,562 Melonguane
Northern (islands) sector 1,977.47273,335286,859
Bitung (city)302.89187,652196,936
Manado (city)157.27410,481430,790
Tomohon (city)114.2091,55396,083
Minahasa Regency1,114.87310,384325,741 Tondano
North Minahasa Regency
(Minahasa Utara)
918.49 188,904198,251 Airmadidi
South Minahasa Regency
(Minahasa Selatan)
1,409.97 195,553205,229 Amurang
Southeast Minahasa Regency
(Minahasa Tenggara)
710.83 100,443105,413 Ratahan
Eastern (Minahasa) sector 4,728.521,484,9701,558,443
Kotamobagu (city)68.06107,459112,776
Bolaang Mongondow Regency2,871.65213,484224,047 Kotamobagu
East Bolaang Mongondow Regency
(Bolaang Mongondow Timur)
910.18 63,65466,803 Tutuyan
North Bolaang Mongondow Regency
(Bolaang Mongondow Utara)
1,680.00 70,69374,191 Boroko
South Bolaang Mongondow Regency
(Bolaang Mongondow Selatan)
1,615.86 57,00159,821 Molibagu
Western (Bolaang Mongondow) sector 7,145.75 512,291537,638

Proposed new province of Bolaang Mongondow Raya

On 25 October 2013, the Indonesian House of Representatives (DPR) began reviewing draft laws on the establishment of 57 prospective regencies and 8 new provinces; one of the proposed provinces is Bolaang Mongondow Raya in North Sulawesi. If the bill is approved, this will comprise Kotamobagu City and the four regencies following it in the table above.[4]

Nature Tourist Parks and Animal Sanctuaries

There are 5 Nature Tourist Parks and Animal Sanctuaries in North Sulawesi and all are under government jurisdiction:[5]


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