Outline of canoeing and kayaking

Kayakers view of Lake Coniston, Cumbria

The following outline is provided as an overview of canoeing and kayaking:

Canoeing recreational boating activity or paddle sport in which you kneel or sit facing forward in an open or closed-decked canoe, and propel yourself with a single-bladed paddle, under your own power.

Kayaking – use of a kayak for moving across water. It is distinguished from canoeing by the sitting position of the paddler and the number of blades on the paddle. A kayak is a boat where the paddler faces forward, legs in front, using a double-bladed paddle. Most kayaks have closed decks.

What type of things are canoeing and kayaking?

Canoeing and kayaking disciplines

Some of the many popular uses of canoes and kayaks include:

Canoe polo players

Canoeing and kayaking equipment

Canoes and kayaks

Kayaking on the Helford River
Whitewater rapids of Pite river, Lappland

Differences between a canoe and a kayak:

Modern designs

Materials used in modern designs – modern kayaks are usually made from Rotationally Molded Plastic (Rotomold), Fiberglass or Kevlar, each of which has advantages and disadvantages.

Modern canoe/kayak designs – in general, each of the activities mentioned above requires a type of boat specifically designed for that activity.

Whitewater kayak/canoe - most designs are easily converted from kayak (K-1) to canoe (C-1) by changing the seat. The kayak outfitting is the most common.

Traditional designs

Birch-bark canoe

Other canoeing and kayaking equipment

Outrigger on a Hawaiian canoe

Canoeing and kayaking techniques

An intentionally initiated Kayak Roll

Canoeing and kayaking locations

Whitewater – water thrashed around and aerated by the turbulence of a fast enough rapid that some of it turns frothy white.

Artificial whitewater courses – special sites usually for competition or commercial use where water is diverted or pumped over a concrete watercourse to simulate a range of different water situations that can be controlled consistently Whitewater rivers – rivers with one or more stretches of whitewater rapids.

Specific venues

Canoeing and kayaking competitions

Canoeing and kayaking organisations

Canoeing and kayaking museums

Notable canoeists and kayakers

Voyagers and adventurers

Olympic medalists

Daniel W. Schnurrenberger at the 1984 Summer Olympics




Aneta Konieczna

ICF Canoe Sprint World Championships medalists


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  16. American Whitewater – Team completes First legal upper Chattooga descent in 30 years
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