Societas cooperativa Europaea

The European Cooperative Society (SCE, for Latin societas cooperativa Europaea) is, in company law, a European co-operative type of company, established in 2006 and related to the European Company. European Cooperative Societies may be established, and may operate, throughout the European Economic Area (including the European Community). The legal form was created to remove the need for co-operatives to establish a subsidiary in each Member State in which they operate, and to allow them to move their registered office and head office freely from one Member State to another, keeping their legal identity and without having to register or wind up any legal persons. No matter where they are established, SCEs are governed by a single EEA-wide set of rules and principles which are supplemented by the laws on co-operatives in each Member State, and other areas of law.


Article 2(1) of the SCE Regulation[1] provides for SCEs to be formed in five ways:



The creation of a cooperative: by 5 or more persons residing in different Member States or by legal entities established in different Member States.


The subscribed capital shall not be less than EUR 30 000.

Shares issued for cash shall be paid for on the day of the subscription to not less than 25 % of their nominal value. The balance shall be paid within five years unless the statutes provide for a shorter period.

So there exists difference between subscribed and paid capital, and the subscribed one should be at least paid by 25% while payment should be completed in 5 years.

Governing law

The SCE is based on the law of the Community. This is in accordance with an act of European secondary law.

The EEA-wide laws governing the SCE legal form consist of two pieces of EU legislation:

Both of them were passed into law on 22 July 2003, and the Regulation, which established the SCE legal form, began to apply from 18 August 2006. Thus, subject to the necessary national laws being passed, SCEs could be created in Member States from 18 August 2006.

The SCE Regulation is currently under review in accordance with its art. 79. This process started more than three years ago and, among other things, involved an in-depth study, two public consultations, three conferences, and a report from the EC. The European Commission has recently announced that it does not plan to revise the SCE Regulation (as well as the SE Regulation) in the short term: Action plan: European Company Law and Corporate Governance, COM(2012) 740 final, of 12 December 2012, pag. 14.

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