Swedish general election, 1991

Swedish general election, 1991
15 September 1991

All 349 seats to the Riksdag
175 seats were needed for a majority
  First party Second party Third party
Leader Ingvar Carlsson Carl Bildt Bengt Westerberg
Party Social Democratic Moderate Liberal People's
Alliance Left-Wing Centre-Right Centre-Right
Last election 156 66 44
Seats won 138 80 33
Seat change Decrease18 Increase14 Decrease11
Popular vote 2,062,761 1,199,394 499,356
Percentage 37.7% 21.9% 9.1%

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
Leader Olof Johansson Alf Svensson Ian Wachtmeister
Bert Karlsson
Party Centre Christian Democrats New Democracy
Alliance Centre-Right Centre-Right Independent
Last election 42 0 New party
Seats won 31 26 24
Seat change Decrease11 Increase26 Increase24
Popular vote 465,175 390,351 368,281
Percentage 8.5% 7.1% 6.7%

  Seventh party Eighth party
Leader Lars Werner Jan Axelsson
Margareta Gisselberg
Party Left Green
Alliance Left-Wing Left-Wing
Last election 21 20
Seats won 16 0
Seat change Decrease5 Decrease20
Popular vote 246,905 185,051
Percentage 4.5% 3.4%

Prime Minister before election

Ingvar Carlsson
Social Democratic

Elected Prime Minister

Carl Bildt

General elections were held in Sweden on 15 September 1991.[1] The Swedish Social Democratic Party remained the largest party in the Riksdag, winning 138 of the 349 seats.[2]

The election was notable due to the rise of a new right-wing populist party named New Democracy which succeeded in securing a parliamentary mandate for the first (and last) time.

The four parties of the centre-right coalition (the Centre Party, Liberal People's Party, Moderate Party, and Christian Democratic Society Party) were allocated a combined total of 171 seats, 17 more than the two left-wing parties' 154, but still less than the 175 necessary for a majority. Thus the centre-right bloc was dependent upon New Democracy to secure a parliamentary majority.

This election was also famous for the performance of the Donald Duck Party, which collected 1,535 votes, enough to make it the 9th largest in Sweden. The protest party's platform consisted of the demand for "free liquor and wider sidewalks."


Party Votes % Seats +/–
Swedish Social Democratic Party2,062,76137.7138–18
Moderate Party1,199,39421.980+14
Liberal People's Party499,3569.133–11
Centre Party465,1758.531–11
Christian Democratic Society Party390,3517.126+26
New Democracy368,2816.825New
Left Party246,9054.516–5
Green Party185,0513.40–20
Other parties53,4871.000
Invalid/blank votes92,159
Registered voters/turnout6,413,40786.7
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

By municipality


  1. Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p1858 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. Nohlen & Stöver, p1873
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