Tourism in Somalia

Neolithic rock art at the Laas Gaal complex.

Tourism in Somalia is regulated by the Federal Government of Somalia's Ministry of Tourism. The industry was traditionally noted for its numerous historical sites, beaches, waterfalls, mountain ranges and national parks. After the start of the civil war in the early 1990s, the Tourism Ministry shut down operations. It was later re-established in the 2000s, and once again oversees the national tourist industry. The Mogadishu-based Somali Tourism Association (SOMTA) provides on-the-ground consulting services.


Ruins of the Adal Sultanate in Zeila.

In the pre-independence period, European explorers would occasionally travel to Somalia and other parts of the Horn of Africa to visit the region's numerous historical sites described in old documents like the 1st century CE Periplus of the Erythraean Sea.

Somalia's ecological parks, coral reefs and protected areas.

Following Somalia's independence in 1960, the Ministry of Tourism was established in order to regulate the national tourist industry.[1] In 1969, the Law on Fauna (Hunting) and Forest Conservation was passed, which defined and provided for the establishment of controlled areas, game reserves and partial game reserves. It was later amended in 1978.[2]

Under Mire Aware Jama,[3] the Ministry subsequently passed the Tourism Act in 1984. The bill laid down official guidelines for the development and modernization of the tourism sector. Among its stated aims was the acquisition of land in the interior and on the coast as well as beach properties for the purpose of building or expanding tourist infrastructures. The Act also included provisions for "the protection, preservation and utilization of historic, cultural and artisanal resources; the protection and preservation of ecology and environment; and strict urban and regional planning for zones of touristic interest to include game parks, land and sea parks, sanctuaries, etc." The Tourism Ministry sought to center the industry in the vicinity of the southern Lag Badana National Park, with nearby coral reefs and offshore islands likewise envisioned as part of the development. Additionally, plans were drawn up for the formation of a tourist resort area on one of the beaches near the capital Mogadishu, in the south-central Banaadir region.[1]

The historic Mogadishu waterfront (1984).

By 1989, newer legislation was drafted governing the establishment of national parks, game reserves and special reserves. The conservation of wildlife resources was at this time overseen by the Ministry of Livestock, Forestry and Range's National Range Agency. Its Department of Wildlife also operated an independent law-enforcement unit, which had been created through presidential decree.[2]

Following the outbreak of the civil war in 1991, tourism in Somalia came to a halt. Various international bodies subsequently began issuing travel advisories recommending that potential tourists avoid visiting the area for safety reasons. Aside from a handful of adventure seekers, few travelers ventured to the volatile southern provinces.[4] Most instead limited their visits to the relatively stable northern Puntland and Somaliland regions.

After the Somali Armed Forces evicted Al-Shabaab militants from Mogadishu in mid-2011, the capital gradually started to experience a renaissance. Local businessmen and returning Somali expatriates built and opened up a number of new hotels and guest houses, mainly catering to other Somalis as well as some Westerners. Newly constructed beachside resorts also accommodated the first tourist families in many years.[5][6]


Tourism in Somalia is regulated by the reconstituted national Ministry of Tourism. The autonomous Puntland and Somaliland regions maintain their own tourist offices.[7] Somali Tourism Association (SOMTA) also provides consulting services from within the country on the national tourist industry.[8]

Due to the long absence of governmental regulation, it is uncertain how many international inbound tourists visit Somalia per year.[9] However, visas and stay permits are now mandatory for all foreign nationals. As of April 2013, the re-established Somali Immigration Department requires all undocumented foreigners to register at its offices in the capital.[10]


One of the forts of the Majeerteen Sultanate (Migiurtinia) in Hafun.

Somalia has a number of local attractions, consisting of historical sites, beaches, waterfalls, mountain ranges and national parks. As of March 2015, the Ministry of Tourism and Wildlife of the South West State announced that it is slated to establish additional game reserves and wildlife ranges.[11]

Historical sites

Aerial view of the Dervish State's main fort complex in Taleh.
The Citadel of Gondershe.


Beach in Mogadishu.


Mountain ranges

The Cal Madow mountain range.

National parks

See also


  1. 1 2 Coastal and Marine Environmental Problems of Somalia, Volume 1. UNEP. 1987. p. 127.
  2. 1 2 International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (1989). The Iucn Sahel Studies 1989. IUCN. p. 107. ISBN 2880329779.
  3. Kurian, George Thomas (1982). Encyclopedia of the Third World, Volume 3. Facts on File. p. 1620. ISBN 0871964961.
  4. Abdinur, Mustafa Haji (10 December 2010). "Mogadishu's 'first tourist' puzzles immigration officials". AFP. Retrieved 14 June 2013.
  5. Ali, Laila (11 January 2013). "'Mogadishu is like Manhattan': Somalis return home to accelerate progress". The Guardian. Retrieved 14 June 2013.
  6. Nima Elbagir, Lillian Leposo (12 June 2013). "Holidays in Somalia? Mogadishu hopes to be tourist hotspot". CNN. Retrieved 14 June 2013.
  7. "New tourism ministry under construction in Garowe". Sabahi. 1 November 2012. Retrieved 14 June 2013.
  8. "Somali Tourism Association (SOMTA)". Somali Tourism Association. Retrieved 14 June 2013.
  9. "International tourism, number of arrivals". World Bank. Retrieved 19 July 2013.
  10. "Somali immigration authority calls for registration of foreigners". Sabahi. 11 April 2013. Retrieved 14 June 2013.
  11. "South West State to renovate Government Hotels to Attract Tourism". Goobjoog. 25 March 2015. Retrieved 25 March 2015.
  12. Periplus of the Erythraean Sea
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Somalia.
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