Verkhnyaya Pyshma

Verkhnyaya Pyshma (English)
Верхняя Пышма (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -

View of Verkhnyaya Pyshma

Location of Sverdlovsk Oblast in Russia
Verkhnyaya Pyshma
Location of Verkhnyaya Pyshma in Sverdlovsk Oblast
Coordinates: 56°58′34″N 60°35′40″E / 56.97611°N 60.59444°E / 56.97611; 60.59444Coordinates: 56°58′34″N 60°35′40″E / 56.97611°N 60.59444°E / 56.97611; 60.59444
Coat of arms
Administrative status (as of 2011)
Country Russia
Federal subject Sverdlovsk Oblast[1]
Administratively subordinated to Town of Verkhnyaya Pyshma[1]
Administrative center of Town of Verkhnyaya Pyshma
Municipal status (as of June 2009)
Urban okrug Verkhnyaya Pyshma Urban Okrug[2]
Administrative center of Verkhnyaya Pyshma Urban Okrug[2]
Population (2010 Census) 59,749 inhabitants[3]
Time zone YEKT (UTC+05:00)[4]
Founded 1660
Town status since 1946[5]
Postal code(s)[6] 624080
Dialing code(s) +7 34368
Verkhnyaya Pyshma on Wikimedia Commons

Verkhnyaya Pyshma (Russian: Ве́рхняя Пышма́) is a town in Sverdlovsk Oblast, Russia, located 1 kilometer (0.62 mi) north of Yekaterinburg. Population: 59,749(2010 Census);[3] 58,016(2002 Census);[7] 53,102(1989 Census).[8]


It was founded in 1660 as the village (selo) of Pyshminskoye, which was named after the Pyshma River. A copper mine opened here in 1856. Town status was granted to it in 1946.[5]

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of the administrative divisions, it is, together with the town of Sredneuralsk and twenty-seven rural localities, incorporated as the Town of Verkhnyaya Pyshma[1]—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[9] As a municipal division, Verkhnyaya Pyshma and twenty-four rural localities are incorporated as Verkhnyaya Pyshma Urban Okrug.[2] The town of Sredneuralsk, together with three other rural localities, is incorporated separately as Sredneuralsk Urban Okrug.[2]

Coat of arms

The coat of arms of the town is a gryphon holding gold "mirror of Venus". The gryphon is the guard of riches and also the symbol of strength of mind. The "mirror of Venus" is the sign of copper, which is being mined in the region.

Ecology and health issues

In late July 2007, the town was hit by an outburst of atypical pneumonia, with 200 infected and 170 death cases. According to the official information, the infection was caused by Legionella pneumophila virus, which spread through the water supply network. However, there was much speculation that biological warfare (similarly to Sverdlovsk anthrax leak in 1979), or the pollution from chemical industry, is responsible for the infection.



  1. 1 2 3 4 Государственный комитет Российской Федерации по статистике. Комитет Российской Федерации по стандартизации, метрологии и сертификации. №ОК 019-95 1 января 1997 г. «Общероссийский классификатор объектов административно-территориального деления. Код 65 420», в ред. изменения №259/2014 от 12 декабря 2014 г.. (State Statistics Committee of the Russian Federation. Committee of the Russian Federation on Standardization, Metrology, and Certification. #OK 019-95 January 1, 1997 Russian Classification of Objects of Administrative Division . Code 65 420, as amended by the Amendment #259/2014 of December 12, 2014. ).
  2. 1 2 3 4 Law #85-OZ
  3. 1 2 Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012.
  4. Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of July 03, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. 1 2 Энциклопедия Города России. Moscow: Большая Российская Энциклопедия. 2003. p. 68. ISBN 5-7107-7399-9.
  6. Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
  7. Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014.
  8. Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014.
  9. Law #30-OZ


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