Arnaud Massy

Arnaud Massy

Massy (c.1919)
Personal information
Full name Arnaud George Watson Massy
Born (1877-07-06)6 July 1877
Biarritz, France
Died 16 April 1950(1950-04-16) (aged 72)
Étretat, France
Nationality  France
Status Professional
Professional wins 17
Best results in major championships
(wins: 1)
Masters Tournament DNP
U.S. Open DNP
The Open Championship Won: 1907
PGA Championship DNP

Arnaud George Watson Massy ([aʁ.no]; 6 July 1877 – 16 April 1950) was one of France's most successful professional golfers, most notable for winning the 1907 Open Championship.

Early life

Massy was born in Biarritz, Pyrénées-Atlantiques, France. The son of a sheep farmer, he worked on a sardine boat and supplemented his income by caddying at the new Biarritz golf course where a great many of the best professional golfers from Britain came to practice during the off-season in the warm climate of southern France. Blessed with natural abilities, he learned from these pro golfers and in 1898 traveled to North Berwick, Scotland to develop his skills for a professional career.

Golf career

In 1906, Massy won the first edition of the French Open played at a Paris course. The following year he won it again, defeating a strong contingent of British players including the great Harry Vardon. But Massy wasn't through, he followed up his French national championship by becoming the first non-Briton to win The Open Championship (British Open).[1] His victory raised the profile of the game in his native France, and with three other major players, he put on exhibition matches in various European cities that contributed significantly to the increased popularity of golf on the continent.

In 1910, Massy won the inaugural Belgian Open and in 1911 was the runner-up at the Open Championship to Harry Vardon. That year, Massy completed his book on golfing that was successfully published in France then translated into English for the British market. In 1912, he won the first Spanish Open ever played.

In 1913 he played in the France–United States Professional Match. In 1926 he won an exhibition match against Bobby Jones in France.

Massy's golfing career had to be put on hold as a result of World War I. While serving in the French army he was wounded at Verdun but at war's end was able to return to golfing. At age 41, he had lost four prime years and struggled to compete. Remarkably, in 1925 at age 48, he won the French Open for the fourth time and then won back-to-back Spanish Opens in 1927–28. When his career finally wound down he worked as a pro at courses in England, France and Morocco. Married to an English woman, he lived in Edinburgh, Scotland during the Second World War.

Death and legacy

Massy retired in Étretat, Seine-Maritime in Upper Normandy where he died in 1950 in poverty.[2] He remains the only French golfer to ever have won any of the four men's major championships. He was also the only golfer from continental Europe to win a men's major championship before Seve Ballesteros won The Open Championship in 1979.

He is buried in Newington Cemetery in Edinburgh, where a new headstone was recently erected by the European Golf Association, Golf Collectors and the R&A.[3]

Tournament wins

Note: This list may be incomplete.

Major championships

Wins (1)

YearChampionship54 holesWinning scoreMarginRunner-up
1907 The Open Championship 1 shot deficit 76-81-78-77=312 2 strokes England J.H. Taylor

Results timeline

Massy played in only The Open Championship.

Tournament 1902 1903 1904 1905 1906 1907 1908 1909
The Open Championship T10 T37 WD T5 6 1 T9 T35
Tournament 1910 1911 1912 1913 1914 1915 1916 1917 1918 1919
The Open Championship T22 2 10 T7 T10 NT NT NT NT NT
Tournament 1920 1921 1922 1923 1924 1925 1926 1927 1928 1929 1930
The Open Championship T29 T6 WD DNP WD WD DNP DNP T41 CUT CUT

NT = No tournament
DNP = Did not play
WD = Withdrew
CUT = missed the half-way cut
"T" indicates a tie for a place
Green background for wins. Yellow background for top-10

Team appearances


  1. "1907 Arnaud Massy". The Open. Retrieved 16 October 2013.
  2. Corrigan, James (16 July 2014). "The Open 2014: The forgotten grave of Arnaud Massy, the man who changed the Open forever". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 30 May 2015.
  3. Dempster, Martin (9 February 2013). "Edinburgh last resting place of Arnaud Massy".

Adapted from the article Arnaud Massy, from Wikinfo, licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.

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