Arrondissement of Brussels-Capital

of Brussels-Capital

Arrondissement de Bruxelles-Capitale
Arrondissement Brussel-Hoofdstad
Administrative Arrondissement

Location of the arrondissement in Belgium
Coordinates: 50°51′N 4°21′E / 50.85°N 4.35°E / 50.85; 4.35Coordinates: 50°51′N 4°21′E / 50.85°N 4.35°E / 50.85; 4.35
Country  Belgium
Region  Brussels-Capital Region
Province none (extraprovincial)
Municipalities 19
  Total 161.38 km2 (62.31 sq mi)
Population (1 January 2015)
  Total 1,175,173
  Density 7,300/km2 (19,000/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)

The Arrondissement of Brussels-Capital (French: Arrondissement de Bruxelles-Capitale; Dutch: Arrondissement Brussel-Hoofdstad; German: Verwaltungsbezirk Brüssel-Hauptstadt) is the only administrative arrondissement in the Brussels-Capital Region in Belgium. Because it is the only administrative arrondissement in the Brussels Region, its territory coincides with that of the latter.

The arrondissement was created in 1963 upon the splitting of the arrondissement of Brussels into the capital one and the surrounding arrondissement of Halle-Vilvoorde. They remained part of the province of Brabant until it was split as well in 1995. In that year, the arrondissement of Nijvel formed the new Walloon Brabant and the arrondissements of Halle-Vilvoorde and Leuven formed the new Flemish Brabant. The arrondissement of Brussels-Capital, corresponding to the Brussels-Capital Region, thus became extraprovincial, meaning it is not a province, neither does it belong to one, nor does it contain any. However, it is the only Belgian arrondissement that is headed by a Governor and a Vice-Governor.

The Brussels-Capital Region is divided into 19 municipalities, of which the City of Brussels is the largest and most populous. See the list of municipalities of the Brussels-Capital Region.

Governor and Vice-Governor

The Governor exercises most of the few remaining powers elsewhere exercised by a provincial governor, particularly in the field of public order, as far as no (federal) law, (regional) decree, ordonnance or decision states otherwise.[1] The Governor is appointed by the Government of the Brussels-Capital Region on the unanimous advice of the Federal Council of Ministers. The regional government also appoints the Vice-Governor, who must have a considerable knowledge of both the French and the Dutch language and who must ensure that the legislation regarding the use of languages is observed in Brussels.[2]

See also


  1. Proposal for an ordonnance, stating the Governor's powers for the "arrondissement Brussels", the latter should be seen as the part of the arrondissement Brussels-Halle-Vilvoorde that is not part of the Flemish Brabant province.
  2. "Factsheet on the Provinces" (PDF). The Belgian Chamber of Representatives. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-06-22.
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