For example, in Walmajarri:
|The children ran into the cave because of the dust storm.|
The suffix -karrarla indicates that the action (running away) was carried out in order to avoid the dust storm, tjurtu-.
|I was afraid of the snake.|
The aversive may be used on a nominalized verb, to produce an equivalent of English "lest". For example, "lest they be forgotten" could be encoded as "to avoid forgetting them".
Few languages have a distinct aversive case. Usually, a single case will be used both for the aversive and other functions.
Languages with a distinct aversive case include:
- Marri Ngarr
- the Western Desert Language
- Dixon, R. M. W. (2002). Australian Languages: Their Nature and Development. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-47378-0.