Location in Belgium
|Coordinates: 50°32′N 03°43′E / 50.533°N 3.717°ECoordinates: 50°32′N 03°43′E / 50.533°N 3.717°E|
|• Mayor||Alain Carion (MR)|
|• Governing party/ies||MR, CDH|
|• Total||61.55 km2 (23.76 sq mi)|
|Population (1 January 2016)|
|• Density||230/km2 (590/sq mi)|
|Postal codes||7970, 7971, 7972, 7973|
Belœil is a Belgian municipality located in the province of Hainaut. It is around 10 km south of Ath. On 1 January 2006 the municipality had 13,347 inhabitants. The total area is 61.55 km², giving a population density of 217 inhabitants per km².
In addition to Belœil itself, the municipality also contains the following population centres: Basècles, Ramegnies, Thumaide, Wadelincourt, Aubechies, Ellignies-Sainte-Anne, Quevaucamps, Grandglise, and Stambruges.
The municipality is named after the château of Belœil, once the seat of Charles-Joseph, Prince of Ligne, a military officer and man of letters who corresponded with Jean-Jacques Rousseau and Voltaire.
The history of the chateau is nebulous but the original construction of a fort or castle at the site is generally thought to date to the 14th century. This site was the seat of the barons of the Ligne family originating from Ligne in Hainault, a place about 8 kilometres from Beloeil. The earliest recorded baron of the House of Ligne was Fastré de Ligne, signatory to a charter dated 1047 and others of the name mentioned in a charter of Baudouin IV, count of Hainaut, dated to 1123.
- Beloeil on 28 June 1858. It used a Distribution postal code 8 with bars (before 1864), and 35 with points before 1874. - Basècles on 21 April 1862. It used a Distribution postal code 126 with bars (before 1864), and 30 with points before 1874. - Quevaucamps on 13 March 1876. - Stambruges on12 November 1888. - Ramegnies-Chin on 27 June 1896.
- Aubechies 7672 - Basècles 7660 - Beloeil 7970 - Ellignies-Sainte-Anne 7671 - Quevaucamps 7670 - Ramegnies 7663 - Ramegnies-Chin 7721 - Stambruges 7980 - Thumaide 7662 - Wadelincourt 7661
Apart from many members of the House of Ligne, living in the castle, other famous people to have lived here include:
- Population per municipality as of 1 January 2016 (XLS; 397 KB)
- Catalogue Spécialisé des Oblitérations Belges, 1849-1910, NIPA, Antwerp, 1999.
- Liste des Numéros Postaux, Administration des Postes, Bruxelles 1969.
- Les numéros postaux belges en vigueur à partir du 1/10/1990, La Poste.