Cedarville was laid out in 1869. A post office called Cedarville was established in 1869, and remained in operation until 1909. The community takes its name from nearby Cedar Creek.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Cedarville, Missouri
- "Dade County Place Names, 1928–1945 (archived)". The State Historical Society of Missouri. Archived from the original on 24 June 2016. Retrieved 25 September 2016.
- "Post Offices". Jim Forte Postal History. Archived from the original on 6 March 2016. Retrieved 25 September 2016.