Total population
1 million
Regions with significant populations
Western Rif, Morocco
Ghomara, Jebli Arabic
Related ethnic groups
Other Berbers, Jebala people
Map of the Ghomara tribes and their territories[1]

The Ghomara are an ethnic group of northern Morocco, living between the rivers Oued Laou and Ouringa, east of Chefchaouen and south of Tetouan, in the Western Rif. The river Tiguisas runs through their territory.[2]

Originally, Ghomaras are a Berber tribal group belonging to the Masmouda confederacy. While most have shifted to speaking Arabic, a minority continue to speak the Berber Ghomara language.[2]


The Ghomaras are traditionally divided into eight tribes:



  1. A. Zouggari & J. Vignet-Zunz, "Jbala: Histoire et société", in Sciences Humaines, (1991), p.463. (ISBN 2-222-04574-6)
  2. 1 2 3 4 G. Camps & J. Vignet-Zunz, "Ghomâra", in Encyclopédie berbère, vol.20, 1998
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