This article is about genealogy software. For the relative, Grandfather, see Grandparent.

Screenshot of Gramps (v. 4.2.2) with its fan chart and the pedigree gramplet on the right.
Original author(s) Don Allingham[1]
Developer(s) The Gramps Team
Initial release April 21, 2001 (2001-04-21)[2]
Stable release
Current: 4.2.4 (4 September 2016 (2016-09-04)[3][4][5])
Legacy: 3.4.9 (30 April 2015 (2015-04-30)[6])
Preview release
5.0.0-alpha1 / 4 June 2016 (2016-06-04)
Development status Active
Written in Python (GTK+ 3)
Operating system Linux, BSD, Solaris, Windows, OS X[7]
Platform Legacy:GTK+ 2
Current: GTK+ 3
Available in Multilingual (40)[8]
Type Genealogy software
License GNU General Public License

Gramps (formerly GRAMPS, an acronym for Genealogical Research and Analysis Management Programming System) is Free and open source genealogy software. Gramps is programmed in Python using PyGObject. It uses Graphviz to create relationship graphs.


File format

Gramps XML[12]
Filename extension .gramps
Internet media type application/x-gramps-xml[13][14]
Developed by Gramps
Initial release 2004 (2004)
Latest release
(18 August 2015 (2015-08-18))
Type of format Genealogy data exchange
Extended from XML
Portable Gramps XML Package
Filename extension .gpkg
Type code .tar.gz archive
Developed by Gramps
Type of format Genealogy data exchange
Container for Gramps XML and referenced media

The core export file format of Gramps is named Gramps XML and uses the file extension .gramps. It is extended from XML. Gramps XML is a free format. Gramps usually compresses Gramps XML files with gzip.[15] The file format Portable Gramps XML Package uses the extension .gpkg and is currently a .tar.gz archive including Gramps XML together with all referenced media. The user may rename the file extension .gramps to .gz for editing the content of the genealogy document with a text editor. Internally, Gramps uses Berkeley DB as the working database format.

Gramps can import from the following formats:[16] Gramps XML, Gramps Package (Portable Gramps XML), Gramps 2.x .grdb (older versions Gramps), GEDCOM, CSV.

Gramps supports exporting data in the following formats: Gramps XML, Gramps Package (Portable Gramps XML), GEDCOM, GeneWeb's GW format,[17] Web Family Tree (.WFT) format,[18] vCard, vCalendar, CSV.

Programs that support Gramps XML


Gramps is available in 40 languages[8] (December 2014).

Gramps also has two special use sub-translation languages:


Selected release history:[4][3][22]


  1. Allingham, Don (21 April 2006). "Looking Back Over 5 Years". Gramps blog.
  2. "History of Gramps". Gramps Wiki.
  3. 1 2 Releases · gramps-project/gramps, GitHub
  4. 1 2 gramps-announce -
  5. Gramps on
  6. Gramps 3.4.9 released, This is a maintenance release designed for still running Gramps with gtk2. The database is common between version 4.0.x and 3.4.x branch, most differences are into interface...
  7. Installation - Gramps
  8. 1 2 "Gramps translations". Gramps Wiki.
  9. Features - Gramps
  10. Relationship Calculator - Gramps
  11. Gramplets - Gramps, Gramps Wiki
  12. Gramps XML - Gramps Wiki
  13. GRAMPS XML is the XML format designed for storing GRAMPS data. Gramps Wiki
  14. Generate XML - Why doesn't GRAMPS just use a .gz extension? - Gramps
  15. How to make a backup - Gramps
  16. "Import from another program". Gramps wiki.
  17. GeneWeb - The GW format
  18. Web Family Tree -
  19. PhpGedView @ Neumont University -
    *Clippings Cart (v4.1)
    ** Add option to zip the GEDCOM/Gramps XML with the associated media files Gramps XML
    *Gramps XML (v4.1)
    ** Add option to download entire GEDCOM in Gramps XML form
    ** Add option to retrieve raw data from the SOAP web service in Gramps XML format
    ** Gramps XML export support to include full source and media support
  20. Animal pedigree, Gramps Wiki
  21. 0003346: Same gender relationship reports Gramps Bugtracker
  22. Previous releases of Gramps, Gramps Wiki
  23. Place hierarchies, Gramps 4.1 Wiki Manual - What's new? - Gramps
  24. Enhanced Place Editor and new Place Name editor and added PlaceNames (with Date and Language) Place, Gramps 4.2 Wiki Manual - What's new? - Gramps
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Gramps.

This article contains text from the GNU GPL Gramps Manual V2.9.

This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 11/2/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.