This article is about the Shia congregation hall. For other uses, see Hussainiya (disambiguation).

Hussainia in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
Arabic (عربي) حسينية (ḥussainiā)
مأتم (ma'tam)
Hindi (हिंदी) इमामबाड़ा (imāmbāṛā)

आशुरख़ाना (āshurkhānā)

Persian (فارسى) حسینیه (ḥosseiniyeh)
Urdu (اُردوُ) امامباڑا (imāmbāṛā)
امامبارگاہ (imāmbārgāh)
عاشور خانہ (āshurkhānā)
حسينيہ (ḥussainiā)

A hussainia (Persian: حسینیه), also known as an ashurkhana, imambargah, or imambara, is a congregation hall for Shia commemoration ceremonies, especially those associated with the Remembrance of Muharram.[1] The name comes from Husayn Ibn Ali, the grandson of Muhammad and the third imam of the Shia Muslims. Imam Hussain was killed by the Umayyad caliph Yazid I at the Battle of Karbala in Iraq, on October 10, 680 AD. Shias commemorate the martyrdom of Imam Hussain every year on the day of Ashura in hussainias all over the world.[2]

A hussainiya is different from a mosque in that it is intended mainly for gatherings for Muharram in the mourning of Hussain ibn Ali, and may not necessarily hold juma'at, or Friday prayers.

In South Asia, a hussainia can also be referred to as an imambara, imambargah, or ashurkhana. In Bahrain, and the United Arab Emirates, it is called a ma'tam (مأتم). In Lebanon, its called Arabic: حسينيةhussainiā. In Afghanistan and Central Asia, the equivalent term for a Shia congregation hall is takyakhana.

Notable Hussainias

A history image from Zanjan azam Hussainiya in Iran
A Hussainia in Iran
Imambara Wazeer Un Nisa in Amroha, India
Monday, 3rd November 2014. (The 9th of Muharram 1436 Hijri.). Residence of Mr. Aziz Alam, Sharif Manzil, Husainabad, Lucknow.

See also


  1. Juan Eduardo Campo (1 January 2009). Encyclopedia of Islam. Infobase Publishing. pp. 318–. ISBN 978-1-4381-2696-8.
  2. Calmard, Jean (15 December 2004). ḤOSAYNIYA. Retrieved 5 October 2015.
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