For the linguistic term, a level of politeness, see Javanese
Market woman with Krama in Kampong Thom
Farmer and his son wearing krama khmer scarves in Siem Reap

A krama (Khmer: ក្រមារ) is a sturdy traditional Cambodian garment with many uses, including as a scarf, bandanna, to cover the face, for decorative purposes, and as a hammock for children.[1] It may also be used as a form of weaponry. Bokator fighters wrap the krama around their waists, heads and fists. The skill level of the martial artist is signified by the colour of the krama, white being the lowest and black being the most advanced.[2][3] It is worn by men, women and children, and can be fairly ornate, though most typical kramas contain a gingham pattern of some sort, and traditionally come in either red or blue. It is the Cambodian national symbol.

A closely related Thai garment is known as pha khao ma (ผ้าขาวม้า) and is worn in the Isan region by locals and by ethnic Khmers.[4]

See also


  1. Shiv Shanker Tiwary (2009) Encyclopaedia Of Southeast Asia And Its Tribes’’, p. 185 ISBN 978-8126138371

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