|Coordinates: 12°58′S 40°33′E / 12.967°S 40.550°E|
|Provinces||Cabo Delgado Province|
|• Total||19.79 km2 (7.64 sq mi)|
|Elevation||30 m (100 ft)|
|• Density||7,100/km2 (18,000/sq mi)|
|Area code(s)||(+258) 272|
The town was founded by the Niassa Company in 1904 as Porto Amélia, after the Queen of Portugal, at the peninsula's south western tip and has grown around a port. The city is renowned for its Portuguese colonial architecture. It was renamed Pemba at the end of Portuguese rule, in 1975.
Pemba is also renowned as being a prime destination for water sport and diving enthusiasts as a coral reef lies close to the shore. Pemba has increasingly become a tourist destination, particularly for upper-middle class Mozambicans and South Africans. There is now a weekly flight from Johannesburg to Pemba, a hotel, the Pemba Beach Hotel, restaurants, and other forms of entertainment. Pemba is the closest major city and airport for those who wish to visit Quirimbas Islands and Quirimbas National Park.
Pemba is twinned with:
- Aveiro, Portugal
- Reggio nell'Emilia, Italy
The coastal city of Pemba in northern Mozambique experiences a humid equatorial climate with a dry winter (Koppen Aw). Temperatures fluctuate only several degrees throughout the year due to the city's tropical location and considerable proximity to the equator. Precipitation-wise, however, two seasons comprise the year: the dry season and the wet season. The wet seasons spans from December to April, and brings fairly prodigious and reliable rainfall, with the wettest month of the year typically being March at 202.2 mm (7.96 in) of average total monthly precipitation. Conversely, the dry season stretches from May to November and brings marginally cooler temperatures, sunny skies, and stupendously low rainfall, with the driest month of the year typically being September at 2.2 mm (0.09 in) of average total monthly precipitation. Humidity is very high during the wet season, averaging 80-90%, but is much lower in the dry season. The warmest and coolest months of the year are January/February and July respectively.
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Pemba.|
- PORTO AMÉLIA-PEMBA, a film of Porto Amélia, Portuguese Mozambique
- "Mozambique: largest cities and towns and statistics of their population". World Gazetteer. Retrieved 2008-06-18.
- Railways Africa - UPGRADING PORT AT PEMBA
- "Climate Statistics for Pemba, Mozambique". Retrieved February 24, 2012.