Sultanzade is an Ottoman title for sons of Ottoman princesses, female descendants of sovereign in male line. Same with şehzade, sultanzade also translated as "prince" in English. The feminime equivalent is hanimsultan.
Sultan (سلطان) is a word Arabic origin, originally meaning "authority" or "dominion" and -zade is a Persian suffix meaning 'son of', 'daughter of', 'descendant of', or 'born of'. Sultanzade literally meaning "descendant of sultan".
Usage in Ottoman family
In Ottoman family, sultanzade used by sons of Ottoman princesses, female descendants of sovereign in male line. Different with şehzade, sultanzade excluded from the Ottoman imperial succession.
The formal way of addressing sultanzades are Sultanzade (given name) Bey-Efendi. Bey (Ottoman Turkish: باي) is a Turkish title for chieftain, traditionally applied to the leaders (for men) of small tribal groups. Effendi, Effendy, or Efendi (Ottoman Turkish: افندي) is a title of nobility meaning a Lord or Master.
The feminime equivalent title is hanimsultan (Ottoman Turkish: خانم سلطان), from the title hanim, Turkish form of the Mongolian title khanum, feminime equivalent of khan or khagan, with the title sultan, Arabic word originally meaning "authority" or "dominion". Hanimsultan is title for daughters of Ottoman princesses and carrying after given name. The official style of sons of sultanzades was simply bey after their name and daughters of sultanzades was simply hanim after their name. This all titles are still used by Osmanoğlu family.
Example of sultanzades
- Sultanzade Mehmed Pasha (1 January 1603 – 1646), son of Ayşe Sultan, daughter of Murad III. Governor of Egypt (1637 – 1640) and later Ottoman Grand Vizier (31 January 1644 – 17 December 1645).
- Sultanzade Mehmed Sabâhaddin Bey (13 February 1879 in Istanbul – 30 June 1948 in Neuchâtel, Switzerland), son of Seniha Sultan, daughter of Abdülmecid I. Ottoman sociologist and thinker. Because of his threat to the ruling House of Osman (the Ottoman dynasty) in the late 19th and early 20th centuries due to his political activity and push for democracy in the Empire, he was exiled.
- Sultanzade Ömer Nami Bey, son of Ayşe Sultan, daughter of Abdülhamid II who was known for publishing her memoirs by the name of Babam Sultan Abdülhamid in 1960
- Sultanzade Maximilian Ali Beyefendi (born London, 15 January 2000), son of Ayşe Gülnev Sultan, great-great-granddaughter of Sultan Mehmed V, the 35th Sovereign of the House of Osman