Sura 113 of the Quran  
The Daybreak

Arabic text · English translation

Classification Meccan
Other names Dawn
The Rising Dawn
Position Juzʼ 30
Number of verses 5
Number of words 23
Number of letters 71

Sūrat al-Falaq (Arabic: سورة الفلق, "Dawn, Daybreak") is the 113th surah of the Qur'an. It is a brief five verse invocation, asking Allah for protection from the evil of Satan. This surah and the 114th (and last) surah in the Qur'an, an-Nas, are collectively referred to as al-Mu'awwidhatayn (the refuges), as both begin with 'I seek refuge', An-Nas tells to seek God refuge from the evil from within, while Al-Falaq tells to seek God refuge from the evil from outside, so reading both of them would protect a person from his own mischief and the mischief of others.

The word "al-Falaq" in the first verse, a generic term referring to the process of 'splitting', has been restricted in most translations to one particular type of splitting, namely 'daybreak' or 'dawn'.[1]

Verse 4 refers to one of soothsayer techniques to partially tie a knot, utter a curse and spit into the knot and pull it tight. In the pre-Islamic period, soothsayers claimed the power to cause various illnesses. According to soothsayers the knot had to be found and untied before the curse could be lifted. This practice is condemned in verse 4.[2]

English Translation

  1. Say I seek refuge with the Lord of the Daybreak,
  2. From the evil of that which he has created,
  3. And from the evil of darkness when it spreads
  4. And from the evil of the blowers in the knots
  5. And from the evil of an envier when he envies.

See also


  1. Leaman, ed. by Oliver (2008). The Qur'an : an encyclopedia (Reprinted. ed.). Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-32639-1.
  2. Newby, Gordon D. (2002). A concise encyclopedia of Islam. Oneworld. ISBN 1-85168-295-3.

External links

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