Wenatchee, Washington

City of Wenatchee

"Apple Capital of the World"

Nickname(s): Apple Capital of the World

Location in the United States

Coordinates: 47°25′24″N 120°19′31″W / 47.42333°N 120.32528°W / 47.42333; -120.32528Coordinates: 47°25′24″N 120°19′31″W / 47.42333°N 120.32528°W / 47.42333; -120.32528
Country United States
State Washington
County Chelan
Established 1811
Incorporated February 29, 1892
Named for Wenatchi tribe
  Type Mayor–council
  Mayor Frank Kuntz
  Council Wenatchee City Council
  City 8.04 sq mi (20.8 km2)
  Land 7.77 sq mi (20.12 km2)
  Water 0.27 sq mi (0.70 km2)
  Urban 31.373 sq mi (81.256 km2)
  Metro 1,870 sq mi (4,843 km2)
Elevation 780 ft (237 m)
Population (2010)[1]
  City 31,925
  Estimate (2015)[2] 33,636
  Density 4,108.8/sq mi (1,586.4/km2)
  Urban 67,227 (US: 412th)
  Urban density 210.45/sq mi (81.256/km2)
  Metro 116,178 (US: 331st)
  Metro density 22.90/sq mi (8.84/km2)
  Demonym Wenatcheeite
Time zone PST
ZIP codes 98801
Area code(s) 509
FIPS code 53-77105
GNIS feature ID 1527897[3]
Website www.wenatcheewa.gov

Wenatchee (/wɛˈnæ/ US dict: wĕ·năt′·chē) is a city located in north-central Washington and is the largest city and county seat of Chelan County, Washington, United States.[4] The population within the city limits in 2010 was 31,925.[5] In 2014, the Office of Financial Management estimated the population at 33,070. Located at the confluence of the Columbia and Wenatchee rivers near the eastern foothills of the Cascade Range, Wenatchee lies on the western side of the Columbia River, across from the city of East Wenatchee. The Columbia River forms the boundary between Chelan and Douglas County. Wenatchee is the principal city of the "Wenatchee–East Wenatchee, Washington Metropolitan Statistical Area", which encompasses all of Chelan and Douglas counties (total population around 110,884). However, the 'Wenatchee Valley Area' generally refers to the land between Rocky Reach and Rock Island Dam on both banks of the Columbia, which includes East Wenatchee, Rock Island, and Malaga.

The city was named for the nearby Wenatchi Indian tribe. The name is a Sahaptin word that means "river which comes [or whose source is] from canyons" or "robe of the rainbow". Awenatchela means "people at the source [of a river]". The city of Wenatchee shares its name with the Wenatchee River, Lake Wenatchee and the Wenatchee National Forest.

Wenatchee is known as the "Apple Capital of the World" due to the valley's many orchards. The city is also sometimes referred to as the "Buckle of the Power Belt of the Great Northwest". The "Power Belt of the Great Northwest" is a metaphor for the series of hydroelectric dams on the Columbia River. Rock Island Dam is located nearest to the middle of this "belt", and so was labeled the "Buckle". This saying is printed at the top of every issue of Wenatchee's newspaper, the Wenatchee World, and is no longer in common use elsewhere.[6]


Prehistoric era

Archeological digs in nearby East Wenatchee have uncovered Clovis stone and bone tools dating back more than 11,000 years, indicating that people migrating during the last Ice Age spent time in the Wenatchee area. The Columbia River and nearby mountains and sagebrush steppes provided an ample supply of food. Clovis points are on display at the Wenatchee Valley Museum & Cultural Center[7] and research findings are available through the Wenatchee World.[8]

Early settlers

As early as 1811, fur traders from the Northwest Fur Company entered the Wenatchee valley to trap and trade with the Indians. In 1863, Father Respari, a Catholic priest, began his missionary work with the Indians. He was followed some 20 years later by Father De Grassi, who built a log cabin on the Wenatchee River near the present town of Cashmere. Throughout the 19th century, other white settlers came to homestead the land. Wenatchee was platted in September 1888 and officially incorporated as a city on January 7, 1893. The 1900 U.S. Census counted 451 residents.

Apple field bins are stacked high at a processing facility in Wenatchee.

Continued growth

The Great Northern Railway completed its railroad line between St. Paul, Minnesota, and Seattle in 1893. Its route through the Wenatchee Valley was significant to the development of this region. The railroad not only provided passenger travel to and from Wenatchee, but it provided for freight service for shipments of wheat, apples, and other products to out-of-state markets.

By the early 20th century, the Wenatchee Commercial Club, now the Wenatchee Valley Chamber of Commerce, was advertising the region as the "Home of the World's Best Apples." The tree fruit industry provided the economic backbone for the region for a century and still is an important source of revenue.

On 22 May 1910, the Wenatchee free speech fight occurred when members of the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW) were arrested for speaking in the street in front of the local hall of the Socialist Party of America.[9][10] The town had freed imprisoned IWW members by June;[11] however, tensions resumed in September 1911 when police raided a house rented by six IWW men as well as arresting twenty-five migrant workers found carrying IWW literature. Again, the men were all quickly released.[12][13][14]

The Wenatchee Valley also boasts one of only two aluminum smelters remaining in the Northwestern United States at the ALCOA plant in Malaga. The plant announced in November 2015 that it would be shutting down operations on January 5, 2016.[15] Other growing areas of the regional economy are tourism and information technology.

Wenatchee Fire Station No. 1 is listed on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP).

On October 5, 1931, Clyde Pangborn and his copilot Hugh Herndon landed their airplane, named the Miss Veedol, in the hills of East Wenatchee, and thus became the first aviators to fly nonstop across the Pacific Ocean. The 41-hour flight from Sabishiro Beach, Misawa, Aomori Prefecture, Japan, won them the Harmon Trophy for the greatest achievement in flight of 1931.

In 1936, with the completion of Rock Island Dam, Wenatchee was protected from the summer flooding of the Columbia River, and the first of 14 hydroelectric projects on the Columbia began generating electric power. The reservoirs thus generated also made it possible to irrigate hundreds of thousands of acres of farmland in the Columbia Basin.

Modern era

In 1975, Stemilt Growers moved its headquarters from nearby Stemilt Hill to Olds Station, Wenatchee. The company grows, packs and ships tree fruit and would go on to become the largest fresh market sweet cherry shipper in the world.[16]

The Wenatchee child abuse prosecutions occurred in 1994 and 1995.

Every year from the last week of April to the end of the first week of May, Wenatchee hosts the Washington State Apple Blossom Festival, which probably brings in the largest number of people Wenatchee sees annually, with the exception of all the migrant workers coming in to pick the crop.[17] It features two relatively large parades: the Apple Blossom Youth Parade on the last Saturday in April and the Apple Blossom Grand Parade on the first Saturday in May, a food fair representing cuisine from around the world, and a traveling carnival.

According to CNN's Money Magazine, Wenatchee had the second fastest forecast real estate value growth in the country for June 2006–June 2007.

On July 29, 2013, a large wildfire spreading over 31 miles (50 km) south of Wenatchee occurred, affecting over 40 nearby homes.[18]


The Wenatchee River, just before it flows into the Columbia.

Wenatchee is located at 47°25′24″N 120°19′31″W / 47.42333°N 120.32528°W / 47.42333; -120.32528 (47.423316, -120.325279)[19] at the confluence of the Wenatchee and Columbia rivers in the Columbia Basin, just east of the foothills of the Cascade Range. Nestled in the rain shadow of the Cascade Mountains, there are blue skies 300 days of the year. Irrigation from the Columbia River and her tributaries allows for the large amount of agriculture in Wenatchee and the surrounding areas.

The city of Wenatchee is bordered by the Wenatchee River on the north, the Columbia River to the east, and the Wenatchee Mountains to the south and west. These ridges and peaks form a wall around the western and southern sides of the city. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 8.04 square miles (20.82 km2), of which 7.77 square miles (20.12 km2) is land and 0.27 square miles (0.70 km2) is water.[20]

Wenatchee experiences a semi-arid climate (Köppen BSk) with cold winters and hot, dry summers.

Climate data for Wenatchee (1971−2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 65
Average high °F (°C) 35.1
Daily mean °F (°C) 29.2
Average low °F (°C) 23.2
Record low °F (°C) −17
Average precipitation inches (mm) 1.35
Source: NOAA (normals, 1971−2000) [21]


Historical population
Census Pop.
Est. 201533,636[22]5.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[23]
2015 Estimate[2]

2010 census

As of the census[1] of 2010, there were 31,925 people, 12,379 households, and 7,721 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,108.8 inhabitants per square mile (1,586.4/km2). There were 13,175 housing units at an average density of 1,695.6 per square mile (654.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 76.7% White, 0.4% African American, 1.2% Native American, 1.1% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 17.3% from other races, and 3.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 29.4% of the population.

There were 12,379 households of which 33.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.6% were married couples living together, 11.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 37.6% were non-families. 31.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.19.

The median age in the city was 35.2 years. 26.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 10% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25.2% were from 25 to 44; 23.4% were from 45 to 64; and 15.2% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.9% male and 51.1% female.

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 27,856 people, 10,741 households, and 6,884 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,049.6 people per square mile (1,563.3/km²). There were 11,486 housing units at an average density of 1,669.8 per square mile (644.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 80.93% White, 0.39% African American, 1.13% Native American, 0.95% Asian, 0.13% Pacific Islander, 13.99% from other races, and 2.48% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 21.52% of the population.

There were 10,741 households out of which 33.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.4% were married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.9% were non-families. 30.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.17.

In the city, the age distribution of the population shows 27.4% under the age of 18, 10.0% from 18 to 24, 28.3% from 25 to 44, 19.3% from 45 to 64, and 15.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $34,897, and the median income for a family was $45,982. Males had a median income of $35,245 versus $26,062 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,498. About 10.6% of families and 15.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.7% of those under age 18 and 5.7% of those age 65 or over.

Arts and culture

The Wenatchee post office contains an oil on canvas mural, The Saga of Wenachee, painted in 1940 by Peggy Strong. Murals were produced from 1934 to 1943 in the United States through the Section of Painting and Sculpture, later called the Section of Fine Arts, of the Treasury Department. The WPA was the largest and most ambitious American New Deal agency, employing individuals to carry out public works projects.[24]

Wenatchee is home to many performing arts groups including the Performing Arts Center of Wenatchee, the Wenatchee Valley Symphony, Wenatchee Big Band, Columbia Chorale, Wenatchee Valley Appleaires and The Apollo Club. Artists gather and share their work in shows and among one another.[25] Music Theater of Wenatchee and Mission Creek Players present theatrical productions and musicals. Wenatchee also is home to the Mariachi Huenachi Band and a mariachi program in the Wenatchee School District. The Wenatchee High School Golden Apple Band is well known and has won sweepstakes at the Washington State Auburn Marching Band Championship in the 2012 marching season. The Wenatchee Valley has a growing hip-hop scene with multiple different artists gaining popularity in recent years such as Fogey, Evolution 420, bSw, and Edge. Another local favorite, Indigo Rose, can be found many nights playing at the Pybus Market.


Professional sports

Current teams

Club Sport League Venue Established Championships
Wenatchee AppleSox Baseball West Coast League Paul Thomas Sr. Field 2000 6
Wenatchee Valley Rams Football Washington Football League Wildcat Stadium 2005 2
Wenatchee Wild Ice hockey British Columbia Hockey League Town Toyota Center 2008 0

Former teams

Club Sport League Venue Folded
Wenatchee Fire FC Indoor soccer Premier Arena Soccer League Wenatchee Valley Sportsplex 2015
Wenatchee FC Soccer Evergreen Premier League Apple Bowl 2016
Wenatchee Valley Venom Arena football Indoor Football League Town Toyota Center 2011

Amateur sports

Club Sport League Venue
Wenatchee FC Youth Soccer Wenatchee Valley Sportsplex
Wenatchee Figure Skating Club Figure skating United States Figure Skating Association Town Toyota Center
Wenatchee Curling Club Curling United States Curling Association
Wenatchee Wolves Ice hockey Northern Pacific Hockey League
Wenatchee Jr. Wild USA Hockey
Wenatchee Banshees Women's Hockey
Wenatchee Banshees Men's Hockey
Wenatchee Packers Baseball American Legion Recreation Park

The Wenatchee Valley Super Oval in East Wenatchee is a quarter-mile-long banked asphalt oval used for local racing.

In the fall of 2008, the Town Toyota Center was completed, and hosts some professional and junior professional sporting events, in addition to touring events and expositions, and the 2010 NAHL Pepsi Robertson Cup.

Parks and recreation

Burch Mountain above Wenatchee

The Wenatchee Valley and the surrounding areas provide an abundance of sports and recreational activities for any season. There are several facilities including the [26] tennis club, an Olympic size swimming pool, an ice arena, several 18-hole and 9-hole golf courses, a 9-hole disc golf course, and countless baseball diamonds and soccer fields as well as two skateboard parks. There are lots of places to hike, fish and hunt, both birds and larger game. Boating and water recreation are also quite common. Many kayak, windsurf and water-ski on the Columbia. Whitewater rafting and inner-tubing is frequent on the Wenatchee River. In the winter, the mountains near Wenatchee provide great snowmobiling, sledding at Squilchuck State Park, as well as skiing and snowboarding at Mission Ridge (30 minutes drive) and Stevens Pass (1 hour and a half drive). Nordic skiing is available at the Stevens Pass Nordic Center, Leavenworth (25 minute drive), and the Methow Valley (1 hour and 45 minute drive).

The city also offers a large system of parks and paved trails known as the Apple Capital Recreational Loop Trail. The 10-mile (16 km) loop along both banks of the Columbia River is used by cyclists, walkers, joggers, and skaters. A project to extend the eastern segment of the trail 5 miles (8.0 km) north to Lincoln Rock State Park was completed on July 9, 2015. An additional 3.2-mile (5.1 km) extension on the east side runs south to Kirby Billingsley Hydro Park. A short extension slated for completion in Fall 2017 is planned from the west end of the Odabashian bridge to the corner of Easy Street and the highway. In the winter, cross-country skiers and snowshoers also use the trail. The trail connects in the south at the Old Wenatchee-East Wenatchee Bridge, better known as the walking bridge, and in the north at the Richard Odabashian Olds Station Bridge. It passes through Wenatchee Confluence State Park. Much of the hillside areas surrounding the city of Wenatchee have been purchased by or have their rights held by the Chelan-Douglas Land Trust which protects them as a natural resource and as a site for hiking in the foothills. The foothills trail system along the western edge Wenatchee provides numerous short trails of varying difficulty for walking, hiking and mountain biking.

The Wenatchee Youth Circus, ("The Biggest Little Circus in the World") founded by Paul K. Pugh in 1952, continues to provide circus fans with opportunities to watch a real, live circus (minus the wild animals) with performers ranging in age from 6-18. The circus travels and performs in the summer months, practices indoors in the winter, and sets up its rigging for outdoor practices during the fair weather of springtime.

Government and politics

Wenatchee is within Chelan County, Washington, and is in the 12th Legislative District and 8th Congressional District of Washington.

Public Safety in Wenatchee is provided by three law enforcement agencies (Wenatchee Police Department, Chelan County Sheriff's Office, and the Washington State Patrol), two fire departments (Wenatchee Fire & Rescue and Chelan County Fire District No. 1), and two private ambulance companies (Ballard Ambulance and Lifeline Ambulance). East Wenatchee Police and Douglas County Fire District No. 2 (East Wenatchee) also assist with police and fire protection services within the city through mutual aid agreements.


Public K-12

The former Carnegie Library, also listed on the NRHP, is now home to the Washington State Apple Blossom Festival.
Wells House, another NRHP building. Its former grounds are now home to Wenatchee Valley College.

Public K-12 education in Wenatchee is provided by the Wenatchee School District#246, which also serves the communities of Malaga, Olds Station, South Wenatchee, Sunnyslope, and Wenatchee Heights. The city is served by seven elementary schools which provide education from kindergarten through Grade 5. Columbia, Lewis and Clark, Lincoln, Mission View, Newbery and Washington Elementary schools provide instruction within, or near, the city limits of Wenatchee, whilst Sunnyslope Elementary provides instruction in the orchard and suburban hills of Sunnyslope, north of Wenatchee. Students then progress to one of the city's three middle schools, Foothills, Orchard, or Pioneer Middle Schools, which provide Grade 6 through Grade 8 instruction within the City Limits. All Wenatchee middle schools transfer their graduating student body up to Wenatchee High School, which operates Grade 9 through Grade 12, with the option for students to enroll in Running Start and attend Wenatchee Valley College for grades 11 and 12, or attend North Central Skills Center in Olds Station. The School District does maintain Westside High School, an alternative high school, and the Valley Academy of Learning, which is an alternative education program where parents play the active role in education of their children.

Wenatchee Internet Academy

In 2006, the Wenatchee School District#246 began offering students of Wenatchee High School and Westside High School the ability to take selected classes online at the Wenatchee Internet Academy. These classes employ use of Moodle and Blackboard software packages for managing the distance-learning program. All classes are designed by educators at Wenatchee High School and operated by local instructors within the Wenatchee School District.

Private K-12 instruction

The city is also supported by numerous private schools, most of which are religious, including Children's Gate Montessori School (Pre-K - K, Non-Sectarian), Cascade Christian Academy (K-12 Seventh Day Adventist), The River Academy (K-12 Non-Denominational/Christian), St. Joseph Catholic School (Pre-K-5 Catholic), St. Paul's Lutheran School (K-5 Lutheran Church).

Higher education

Wenatchee is also the home of the North Central Educational Service District, serving all of north-central Washington, and the Wenatchee Valley College, a two-year community college with its main campus in Wenatchee and a satellite campus in Omak, Washington. Its main campus has an average student population of 3500 of all ages. Wenatchee Valley College has one of the largest community college service areas in the State of Washington, covering more than 10,000 square miles (30,000 km2).

The Washington State University is represented in Wenatchee by the Tree Fruit Research and Extension Center, the North Central Washington Learning Center, and Chelan Co. Cooperative Extension.


Public transportation

Main article: Link Transit

Transit services within Wenatchee is provided by Link Transit, which serves all of Chelan County and parts of Douglas County. Link Transit also runs commuter bus service from Wenatchee to many outlying communities in the region, including Leavenworth and Chelan. The agency adopted its first electric buses with batteries in 2014, running on three trolley routes in Wenatchee branded as "The Current".[27][28]

Columbia Station, the city's Amtrak station, is also served by intercity coach buses from Greyhound, the Washington State Department of Transportation's AppleLine, and Northwestern Trailways.


The city is served by Pangborn Memorial Airport which is located about 10-mile (16 km) to the east, and supports commercial flights from Wenatchee to and from Seattle on Alaska Airlines.


The Wenatchee child abuse prosecutions in Wenatchee, Washington, USA, also known as the "Wenatchee Witch Hunt", that occurred in 1994 and 1995, are examples of the child sex-ring hysteria that was prevalent in the late 1980s and early 1990s, and led to over three hundred sex-ring prosecutions in all but four states in the U.S.


Wenatchee is in the major railroad line of the BNSF Railway (formerly Great Northern Railway) to Seattle. Wenatchee was once the eastern terminus of the Great Northern electric-driven train service (1928/1929 — 1956) on its New Cascade Tunnel route via the Chumstick Valley, which went all the way to Skykomish. There, steam locomotives or diesel locomotives replaced electric locomotives along this route, as well as having a maintenance base for the electric locomotives. Today, AMTRAK's Empire Builder passenger train serves Wenatchee.

Notable people

Sister cities

Wenatchee has five sister cities:

See also


  1. 1 2 "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-19.
  2. 1 2 "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 15, 2016.
  3. "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  5. "2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File". American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 25 September 2012.
  6. http://ret.wenworld.com/book/index.php
  7. City of Wenatchee
  8. Wenatchee World
  9. Upton, Austin. "IWW Yearbook 1910". IWW History Project. University of Washington. Retrieved 21 April 2016.
  10. Thompson, James P. (28 May 1910). "Wenatchee Denied Free Speech: Fight On". Industrial Worker. 2 (10). p. 1.
  11. "Struggle for Free Speech in North and West". Industrial Worker. 2 (11). 4 June 1910. p. 1.
  12. Bragg, Nick. "IWW Yearbook 1911". IWW History Project. University of Washington. Retrieved 21 April 2016.
  13. Downey, Charles (6 September 1911). "Wenatchee for Freedom". Industrial Worker. 3 (26) (published 21 September 1911). p. 1.
  14. May, Matthew S. (July 2009). Hobo Orator Union: The Free Speech Fights of the Industrial Workers of the World, 1909-1916 (PDF) (Ph.D). University of Minnesota.
  15. http://www.thenorthernlight.com/2015/11/24/alcoa-to-lay-off-880-in-ferndale-and-wenatchee/
  16. Wheat, Dan (April 24, 2010). "Stemilt's young president eyes future of fruit industry". Capital Press. Retrieved 2 October 2016.
  17. Marshall, Maureen E. Agriculture in Wenatchee. Kindle Publishing, 2013.
  18. "Wildfire near Wenatchee continues to grow". National Broadcasting Company. July 29, 2013. Retrieved July 29, 2013.
  19. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  20. "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-19.
  21. "Climatography of the United States NO.81" (PDF). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. May 2011. Retrieved January 11, 2011.
  22. "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016.
  23. United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved August 29, 2013.
  24. Arnesen, Eric (2007). Encyclopedia of U.S. Labor and Working-Class History. 1. New York: Routledge. p. 1540. ISBN 9780415968263.
  25. Kasey Koski's blog
  26. WRAC
  27. "Link Transit launched Five Battery-electric Trolleys". Mass Transit Magazine. December 22, 2014. Retrieved September 7, 2015.
  28. "Electric Trolley Buses Cut Energy Use, Emissions at Link Transit" (PDF). Federal Transit Administration. August 2011. Retrieved September 7, 2015.
  29. http://www.imdb.com/search/name?birth_place=Wenatchee,%20Washington,%20USA
  30. http://www.thingstodo.com/states/WA/famous_people.htm
  31. 1 2 "US-Japan Sister Cities by State". Asia Matters for America. Honolulu, HI: East-West Center. Retrieved 20 November 2015.
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