William Swinden Barber

In this multi-part name, the family name is Barber, not Swinden Barber.
William Swinden Barber

Barber in 1864 in medieval costume
by David Wilkie Wynfield[1]
Born (1832-03-29)29 March 1832
Southowram, West Riding of Yorkshire, England
Died 26 November 1908(1908-11-26) (aged 76)
Portsmouth, Hampshire, England
Occupation Architect
Practice Jones & Barber, 1857–59
W.S. Barber 1859–68
Mallinson & Barber, 1868–71
W.S. Barber 1871–98

William Swinden Barber FRIBA (29 March 1832 – 26 November 1908), also W. S. Barber or W. Swinden Barber,[23] was an English Gothic Revival and Arts and Crafts architect, specialising in modest but finely furnished Anglican churches. The Barber churches often had crenellated bell-towers. He was based in Brighouse and Halifax in the West Riding of Yorkshire. At least 15 surviving examples of his work are Grade II listed buildings including his 1875 design for the Victoria Cross at Akroydon.[8][9] A 1864 portrait by David Wilkie Wynfield depicts him in Romantic garb, holding a flower. He served in the Artists Rifles regiment in the 1860s alongside Wynfield and other contemporary artists.[24]



Barber's great-great-grandfather was Joshua Barber.[25] Joshua was the ancestor of three main branches of the Barber family: at Southowram, Brighouse and Rastrick. William Swinden Barber was descended from the Southowram branch, and he produced work at Brighouse and Rastrick.[26]

Joshua's second child, baptised at Cleckheaton Independent Chapel, was John (1727–1810) who was William Swinden Barber's great-grandfather.[27] John married Sarah Schofield and their seventh child was William.[27][28]

Barker Royde Mill, Southowram, built for Barber's grandfather

Barber's grandfather was William Barber (1768–1844), baptised at Cleckheaton Independent Chapel.[27][29] He arrived at Halifax from Mirfield around 1797 when he married Ann Charlton of Dewsbury. They had eight children, of whom John was the third.[30] They moved to Barker Royde at Southowram and lived in an eighteenth century farmhouse called Barker Royde Farm; it incorporates a stone on which is carved "WB 1849."[31] Close to the farmhouse, William built a four-storey mill called Barker Royde Mill, to make carding equipment and belting for the mechanised woollen industry.[32] This mill was constructed during William Swinden Barber's childhood, when he would have witnessed and possibly been inspired by the works. The 1841 census finds William Barber at Barker Royde Farm, aged 75 with his wife Mary aged 70 and his daughter Sarah aged 30. William and his wife are described as being of independent means. They have two employees with them: an agricultural labourer and a servant.[33]

Barber's father was John Barber (1800–1883).[34] On 19 April 1831 he married Sally "Sarah" Swinden (1793–1881) at Dewsbury.[35][36] William Swinden Barber was their only child. In 1841 he was at Valley Top at Southowram with his wife Sarah; both are listed in the Census as 40 years of age and John is described as independent. Ann Barber, aged 25, described as a servant, is with them, but their son William Swinden Barber is absent.[37] John was a card-maker at Southowram at Barker Royde Mill with his father William: a joint mill-owner.[38] In 1845 he was living at Slead Cottage, Chapel Lane, Southowram. The 1851 Census finds John, a card manufacturer aged 50, and his wife Sarah aged 55 living at 38 Lark Field, Hipperholme with Brighouse, with their son William Swinden Barber, an apprentice architect aged 19. Their house servant Ann Barber is still with them.[39] John was a card-maker; that is, he made carding equipment for the wool industry at Lark Field and at Victoria Mill, Brighouse. In 1861 John and Sarah, aged 60 and 67, were still at Lark Field. They had two servants and John was still a card maker employing twelve men and two boys.[40] In 1871 John was still at Lark Field with Sarah and two servants, but had retired.[41] John and his son William Swinden Barber bought Bonegate Hall (built 1635) at Brighouse.[38][42] In 1881 John a widower aged 80, now a retired card maker, was living in Hipperholme with Brighouse with one servant.[43]

Barber and his wife

Slead Hall, Brighouse, home of Anne Byrne

Barber was baptised on 29 March 1832 at Southowram.[44] He married Anne "Anita" Byrne of Slead Hall, Brighouse (born Stalybridge 1829 – died 1909) on 10 October 1877 at Easton Grey, Wiltshire.[45][46][47] She was the eldest daughter of Henry Byrne.[48] Barber died in Portsmouth on 26 November 1908, aged 76 years, and Anita died aged 80 in 1909 at Pontefract; they had no descendants.[49][50]

In 1860 he was living at 12 Buckingham Street, Adelphi, London WC.[51] This is possibly the same address as Hanover Chambers, Buckingham Street, where he was living in 1861.[52]

In 1864, at the age of 32 years, he posed for a portrait (pictured above) by David Wilkie Wynfield, who was dressing his artist friends from St John's Wood in Romantic garb and photographing them. Barber's image was described as "charming, high camp" and one of the "most eccentric" of all Winfield's images at a National Portrait Gallery exhibition in 2000.[53][54]

From 1869 to 1872 he was living at Stoney Royd, Southowram, Halifax, and still owned Slead Cottage.[55] The 1871 Census finds Barber as an architect aged 39 living at 67 Stoney Royd, Southowram, with a widowed housekeeper Jane McIvor.[56] From 1885 to 1897 he was registered as living at Farfield House, Shaw Hill, Halifax, and registered to vote at Wike as he owned freehold buildings and land at Wike Lane, Wike.[57] With his father he bought Bonegate Hall, Brighouse, then he built Farfield for himself; It stands opposite the Stafford Arms in Huddersfield Road, Halifax, and has now been converted into apartments.[58] In 1881 the head of the household at Farfield was Horace Melville Smith (1839–1915), a solicitor who became bankrupt in 1884 and escaped to Spain.[59][60] In 1891 Barber was living at Farfield House aged 58 with his wife named as "Annie" aged 57 and two servants.[61] In 1891 he owned freehold shops and dwelling houses in Briggate, Brighouse, and by 1897 he owned Lower Wike Farm.[62] By 1898 he had moved to Letcombe, Southsea, Hampshire but still owned houses and shops in Brighouse.[63] By 1901 he was 68, Anne was 69 and they were living comfortably at 3 South Parade in Southsea, Portsmouth. They had a cook, parlourmaid and two servants.[64][65] After Barber died in 1908, he left £35,874 0s 3d. This was adjusted to £36,231 9s 5d.(equivalent to £3,410,000 in 2015).[66][67]

Professional life

He became ARIBA in January 1860, and FRIBA on 17 November 1873.[1] He had a long career working from Brighouse and Halifax, producing designs for building and renovation work from 1855 to 1898.[6][68]

Artistic motivations

Brighouse around 1914

Neo-Gothic and Arts and Crafts artists working in northern England in the last half of the 19th century were in some ways rebelling against the uncontrolled progress, noise, smoke, mechanisation and materialism of the Industrial Revolution. They looked back to a more spiritual Golden Age of Romantic fairy stories of magic, knights and castles, and revelled in hand-made artefacts.[69] Many of Barber's works reflect this, with their castellated towers and interiors of elegant carvings and jewel-coloured glass, all of which he designed and commissioned himself.[70] However all this had to be paid for, and clients' money was often ultimately sourced from the great mills and sweated labour of Victorian West Yorkshire; an example of this is Spring Hall, Halifax, designed by Barber and funded by Tom Holdsworth of John Holdsworth & Co. Ltd.[71] His Brighouse environment was dominated by factory chimneys.[72] In the last decade of his life, he retired to the cleaner air of Southsea, Portsmouth.[49][63][64]

Works in partnership

He was in partnership as architect and surveyor at Hanover Chambers, Buckingham Street, London with Irish architect John Philpot Jones (1829–1873) from 1857 until 3 March 1859 when the partnership was dissolved due to bankruptcy or insolvency.[73][74][75] In 1859 Jones' plans for Bishop Auckland Town Hall were traced and adapted without his permission.[76] Jones later worked with William Henry Crossland from 1868 to 1872 and from 1870 with Edward Salomons.[77] Jones was involved in designs of the Basilica of St. John the Baptist in Newfoundland, of Holloway Sanatorium near Virginia Water, Surrey and of Manchester Reform Club.[78]

Barber then worked in partnership with James Mallinson (1819–1884) from between 1862 and 1868 at 9 George Street, Halifax.[45][79][80][81] The partnership was dissolved by mutual consent in 1871.[82] The following is an incomplete list of Barber's works within partnerships.

Church of the Holy Trinity, Lee, London, 1863

Holy Trinity, Lee

This church in Glenton Road, Lee, Lewisham, London, was designed by Barber while in partnership with Mallinson between 1862 and 1863. There are church records of baptisms and marriages covering the years 1863 to 1948. The church sustained war damage in 1944; it was in use until 1948, and was demolished in 1960.[83]

Civic Hall, Brighouse, 1866

Civic Hall, Brighouse

This is a Grade II listed building.[2] This building, on the corner of Bradford Road and Bethel Street, Brighouse, West Yorkshire, was designed in 1866 by Mallinson & Barber at a cost of £7,000 and opened in 1868 as the Town Hall and municipal offices. Also known as the Savoy Buildings, it housed eight shops in a ground-floor hall alongside Brighouse Mechanics Institute. By 1880 it had become a theatre, and by 1898 it was home to the Magistrate's Court. Between 1902 and 1959 it was the Savoy Cinema. The Council bought it back in 1960, and it became the Civic Hall in 1968. The front was restored in 1999, it was refurbished again in 2007.[84][85]

Causey Hall or Halifax Parish Church Day School, 1867

Causey Hall

This is a Grade II listed building.[3][86] It was built in Upper Kirkgate, Halifax, as Halifax Parish Church Day School, and is also known as Causey Hall, or Church School, Upper Kirkgate.[3][4] It stands close to Halifax Parish Church (or Minster Church) of St John the Baptist which is in Dispensary Walk, Church Street, Halifax, West Yorkshire. It was designed by Mallinson & Barber as a Gothic Revival school for 805 children at a cost of £5,000 and opened on 10 June 1867. The ground floor was a covered playground, and it had two classrooms and a 130 feet (40 m) by 28 feet (8.5 m) school hall. The school closed in 1959, and the building became a church hall and verger's flat in 1962. As of 2007 it was to be restored at a cost of £140,000.[87][88]

Church of Emmanuel, Shelley, 1865–69

Church of Emmanuel

This is a Grade II listed building.[5][89] The design for this Gothic Revival building on Huddersfield Road, Shelley, West Yorkshire, was begun by Henry Mallinson in 1865, then completed by Barber in 1868.[6] The church has a peal of six bells, made by John Taylor & Co and weighing a total of 43 cwt. These arrived on 31 August 1868; they were carted from Shepley railway station to the church by decorated horses, accompanied by a brass band. The bells were consecrated before the church. The inscription on the tenor bell says: "Emmanuel Church Shelley consecrated Sept 4th 1868."[90] The church was consecrated at 11 am on Wednesday 9 September 1868 by the Bishop of Ripon, attended by 22 local clergymen. There was a peal of the new Shelley bells, an anthem by the Huddersfield Parish Church choir, and a luncheon for the faithful, followed by toasts and speeches. The building cost was £3,000, including £200 for the east chancel window, £230 for the organ and £420 for the bells. The tulip-shaped font was a gift from Charles Hey of Grice, Shelley, and in 1894 a carved oak lid was added.[5][91] The masons in 1868 were Messrs Moorhouse, the joiner was James Swallow, the plumbers were Brook & Co. The painter was Mr Quarmby, William Thornton provided the heating and Abel Addy was the smith for the ironwork.[91] It is constructed of "Hammer dressed stone with ashlar dressings and quoins"[5] and the roof is of slate. The battlemented tower has a very short spire and shows three tiers including louvred bell chamber windows, and it has clock faces and a south entrance. The nave has a large, four-light west window, a rose window and other windows with tracery, and its main feature is the arch-braced hammerbeam roof. The chancel arch includes pairs of colonettes made of red granite on corbels.[5]

The Shelley war memorial is situated in the lych gate.[92] Some of the graves have been indexed.[93] In the past, the chancel had a red and pink ceiling.[94]

Church of St Thomas, Thurstonland, 1870

St Thomas, Thurstonland

This is a Grade II listed building.[95] This Gothic Revival Anglican church in Marsh Hall Lane, Thurstonland, Huddersfield, West Yorkshire, was designed between 1868 and 1870 by Mallinson & Barber.[6] It is built of hammer-dressed stone with ashlar dressing. The stone gutter of the slate roof is on moulded brackets. The tower is at the east end of the nave, and it has a stair turret and a splay-footed stone spire. Over the south door is a canopied niche with a "moulded arched head and figure" beneath. Inside there is an arch-braced hammer beam roof and an 1871 square font standing on four marble colonnettes.[7]

Church of St Mary, Halifax, 1870

This was a Grade II listed building which had a spire.[96] It was sited on the corner of Lister Lane and Rhodes Street, Halifax, West Yorkshire.[97] It was designed by Mallinson & Barber to accommodate a congregation of 800, at a building cost of £10,000, and consecrated on 4 July 1870 by the Bishop of Ripon. It contained an organ built by William Hill. In 1952 the congregation was joined with St James to become the combined Church of St Mary and St James. The church was declared redundant and closed in 1986, and was demolished in January–February 2001 and replaced by a housing development.[96][98][99]

Spring Hall, Skircoat, Halifax, 1871

Main article: Spring Hall, Halifax
Spring Hall

This design by Mallinson and Barber was an 1871 rebuild of a 17th century house for client Tom Holdsworth. It is located off Mansion Lane near Huddersfield Road, Halifax. By 1905 it had been bought by James Booth JP, a mill owner, then in 1916 its annexe became a World War I hospital. Between 1919 and 1931 it was a guest house for young men, owned by J.H. Whitley. It was empty until 1938 when Patons and Baldwins acquired it as a sports facility for employees. In 1948 they presented it to Halifax Corporation and its gardens became a school sports ground. The Northern Ballet Theatre Company was there briefly in 1990, then the building fell into disrepair. In 2011 the Calderdale Register Office moved into the building, and as of 2014 it remains in occupation.[100][101] This building is now known as Spring Hall Mansions, and is not listed.[102]

Independent works

In 1893 Barber was working from 28 George Street, Halifax, West Yorkshire.[103] As of 2014, bearing in mind Barber's long and prolific career, it was likely that there must be unknown works yet to be credited to his name, so the following is an incomplete list.

All Saints' Vicarage (now Stafford Hall), Skircoat Green, 1861

Stafford Hall, 2014

This is a Grade II listed building.[104] There is a picture of the building on its Images of England listing page.[105] It is situated near St Albans Presbytery off Dudwell Lane, Skircoat Green, Halifax, West Yorkshire HX3 0AT, and it was designed by Barber at a building cost of £2,300 in 1861, before Barber and Mallinson began their professional partnership.[106][107] It is a large, two-storey, gabled, detached house built in Gothic Revival style of coursed stone with ashlar dressings and bay windows. The left-hand chimney stack has a panel inscribed "1861." Inside, the stairway has "bulbous turned balusters and newels plus moulded hand rail."[105] It was later sold by the Church of England, and became Stafford Hall, then became a retirement home. As of 2010 it was under the control of Calderdale Council and had become dilapidated.[108][109] By 2014 the building had been renovated and had re-opened as a children's home.[110] There is no public access to the building.

Church of St Peter, Huddersfield, 1873

St Peters Huddersfield

Huddersfield Parish Church is a Grade II listed building on Byram Street, Huddersfield, West Yorkshire.[111] There has been a church on this site since the 12th century, and it was rebuilt 1834–36 by James Pigott Pritchett.[112][113][114][115][116][117] Barber effected an interior re-ordering of this building at a cost of £2,500 in 1873, as follows. The box pews were replaced by open and cushioned stalls, and the gallery seats were cleaned and painted. The old pulpit was replaced with one of carved oak in Gothic design. There was new flooring of encaustic tiles made by Maw's and laid by W and S Thornton of Huddersfield. John Brook of High Street, Huddersfield, did the painting; possibly decorative fresco or stencilled work. There was gas lighting by brass standards and wall brackets.[118] The whole of the woodwork, including stalls, pulpits, screens (including the screen work in the north and south transepts) was designed by Barber and carried out under his supervision. James Christie was the sole contractor for all the woodwork, and Joseph Shaw was one of the sub-contractors for the carving, working under Christie.[70]

Victoria Cross at Akroydon, 1875

Victoria Cross

This is a Grade II listed building.[8] Akroydon's housing scheme in Boothtown, Halifax, was designed in 1859 by George Gilbert Scott for Edward Akroyd, and Barber's monument in the central square was completed by 11 May 1877.[9] It is designed in the style of an Eleanor cross and is dedicated to Queen Victoria and the "English constitution in Church and State." Inscribed on it is a quotation from William Wordsworth's The Excursion.[119][120] When completed, the Cross had a formal inauguration ceremony.[121] The dedication on the monument says: "Erected as a monument of Christian reverence for the emblem of the Cross and of loyalty to our sovereign lady Queen Victoria, by Edward Akroyd, the founder of Akroydon, 1875. Fear God, Honour the King."[122] The monument also serves as a World War I war memorial. The first and last scenes of the 1972 BBC TV play, A Day Out, by Alan Bennett are filmed in front of the Victoria Cross.[123]

Church of St Matthew, Lightcliffe, 1874–75

St Matthew, Lightcliffe

This is a Grade II listed building in Wakefield Road, Lightcliffe, West Yorkshire.[10] Barber designed this church as a replacement for Lightcliffe Old Church, of which the tower remains on another site.[124] The foundation stone was laid on Tuesday 16 September 1873, when the crane supports broke, causing injuries to several people.[125] It was consecrated by the Bishop of Ripon on 22 September 1875. It cost £15,000 to build, and has a 98 feet (30 m) tower including the 8 feet (2.4 m) turret. The nave is 71 feet (22 m) long by 22 feet (6.7 m) wide, with aisles of 10 feet (3.0 m) wide.[126][127] It has a Caen stone pulpit carved by John Birnie Philip, who also carved the reredos, and who created many works for George Gilbert Scott. James Clinsty of Huddersfield carved the font cover, and Charles Mawer of Leeds carved the capitals and other stonework. The church originally had an 1874 pipe organ by Booth & Kirkland, but this was replaced in 1905 with an organ by W. Andrews. Harry Percy Jackson carved the Watkinson Chapel and stalls.[126][128][129][130]

Church of St Matthew, Rastrick, 1875

St Matthew's, Rastrick, a joint Anglican/Methodist church partnership.

This is a Grade II* listed building on Church Street, A643 road, Rastrick.[131] Barber did not design this 1798 church, but carried out a major refurbishment in 1875. He replaced the ground floor box pews with a "sea of low-backed pews of pitch pine," although the box pews in the gallery remained untouched. "The three-decked pulpit was divided and removed to the north and South of the chancel, and a central passage was formed, at a cost of from £400 to £500." A new altar was placed in the sanctuary, and on the east wall Barber put a frieze, representing "Goodly Fellowship of the prophets and Glorious Company of the Apostles."[132]

Stainland Cross, 1875

Stainland Cross before 1939

The Stainland Cross, on Stainland Road in Stainland, is a Grade II listed building.[133] It represents a saltier or St Andrew's cross, carved on a block of stone.[134] On 3 September 1875, The Building News published the following announcement: "The Stainland Board of Surveyors have given permission to have the ancient cross in Stainland restored according to plans by Mr Barber of Halifax."[135] In the twentieth century the Cross was moved to a position opposite Stainland Church. The railings in old images of the Cross in its previous position, were probably added by Barber.
Media related to Stainland Cross at Wikimedia Commons

Church of St Paul, Drighlington, 1876

This is a Grade II listed building on Whitehall Road, Drighlington, West Yorkshire.[11] Barber designed this Gothic Revival building in 1876 at a cost of £7,400 as a replacement near the site of an earlier Moravian Church of 1797, which he demolished in January 1878, having possibly re-used some of the stone.[136][137] It was consecrated at 11.30 am on Friday 26 April 1878 by the Bishop of Ripon who called the church "beautiful," and the Leeds Mercury commented on the attractive "plain but massive" structure. The consecration was attended by a large congregation which retired directly afterwards to luncheon in the local schoolroom, where Barber was given a vote of thanks for his work.[138]

St Paul's church, Drighlington

The church was built with a nave, chancel and north and south aisles. The nave and chancel together make a six-arch arcade, with a 22 feet (6.7 m) wide chancel arch. The west tower is 20 feet (6.1 m) square, with walls 3 feet (0.91 m) thick. The ground floor ceiling which doubles as the floor of the bell-ringers' chamber in the tower is made of heavy beams and moulded joists; this could testify to a consciousness of the fragility of parishioners and the weight of the bronze bells hanging high above. Barber designed all the original 1878 interior fittings. The nave and chancel ceilings are of open pitch pine woodwork. The interior was built in plain manner, apart from richly carved corbels supporting the chancel arch, the Four Evangelists carved over the priest's door in the south aisle and the rich bas-relief carving of the Caen stone pulpit with scenes from the life of St Paul. The pews in the nave and aisles, the choir stalls and screens were all of pitch pine, and the floor covered with plain encaustic tiles. The pews were still there in 1986.[11][138] The tower contains eight bells which were cast and hung in 1880.[139] The sanctuary was remodelled in 1928 by diocesan architect Sir Charles Nicholson.[140][141]

Abbott's Ladies Homes, Skircoat Green, 1876

Abbotts Lodge

These are Grade II listed buildings on Skircoat Green Road, Halifax, West Yorkshire.[12] In enactment of the Will of woolstapler John Abbott (1796–1870),[142] twelve almshouses were built with a porter's lodge and walls and gates, all designed by Barber in 1876 at a total land-purchase and building cost of £17,880. The project was opened in January 1777.[143] It has three tall gate piers, two pairs of gates, stone walls and ornate iron railings. The lodge is in the same style as the homes, being built of coursed rubble with ashlar dressings, and with gables and mullioned windows. The homes have tall chimney stacks and slate roofs with ashlar coped gables and finials.[12][143] As of 2014 the charity was still functioning, providing accommodation for the elderly.[144]

Church of St John the Evangelist, Warley, 1877

St John's, Warley

This is a Grade II listed building.[15] St John's in Windle Royd Lane, Warley, Halifax, was designed by Barber and built between 1877 and 1878.[15][145] This was a replacement for a wooden church built in 1856 in Windle Royd Lane further uphill. It was designed in Gothic Revival style for a congregation of 320–342, built at a cost of £3,930–4,000 with a church grant of £240 and consecrated in 1878.[146][147][148] The building was planned as a nave and chancel, with everything else to the south: the nave aisle, tower, vestry and organ chamber. It is built of locally quarried sandstone with grey freestone dressings. The tower, notable for its large pinnacles, is attached to the north-west corner of the nave, with a square turret housing a spiral tower staircase to the bell-ringers' chamber only, this turret being tucked between the spire and the nave. The tower's ground floor is the church entrance, and the clock mechanism and clock faces between the ringers' chamber and the belfry were added in 1905. The chancel has an open wagon roof and the nave has closely spaced rafters. Due to the 2005 interior re-ordering, there is little left of Barber's designed and commissioned furnishings, but his floors may still exist, concealed beneath carpeting. There is an octagonal font and a round stone pulpit with "open arcading and fleurons" which may possibly be to his original 1877 design. The reason for listing is given as the exterior architecture by Barber as a local architect, and the church's position in the landscape.[15]

Holroyd's Buildings, Brighouse, 1877

Holroyd's Buildings, 1914

Barber designed this three-storey block comprising a house and six shops for himself as a commercial enterprise in 1877. William Holroyd was the builder. Businesses and institutions using the premises included the Brighouse Conservative Club, the Brighouse Labour Exchange, Zona beer retailer, S. Wilkinson, and Hopkinson's confectioners. When Barber died, the building was sold for £2,525. In 1914 it was demolished, and Artillery Square stood in its place, to be later replaced by Thornton Square.[149]

Church of All Saints, Netherthong, 1877

All Saints, Netherthong

This Gothic Revival parish church in Town Gate, Netherthong, Holmfirth, West Yorkshire is a Grade II listed building designed in 1830 by Robert Dennis Chantrell (1793–1872), architect of Leeds Minster.[13] The 26 feet (7.9 m) by 18 feet (5.5 m) chancel was added by Barber and this is included in the English Heritage listing description.[13] The chancel was consecrated on 3 December 1877 by the Bishop of Ripon, attended by a dozen local clergymen.[14]

This was a major renovation. Barber removed the north and south galleries and the three-decker pulpit, and replaced the box pews with open seats. The old pipe organ was taken to the Oldfield Church Mission Room, and replaced at the north-east end of the nave with one by Conacher of Huddersfield. The choir stalls were moved westward from the arch, and a new "richly traceried" 9 feet (2.7 m) rood screen with a 7.5 feet (2.3 m) arched opening was installed. In the chancel were two rows of choir stalls at the sides, and behind them were an organ chamber on the north side and a choir vestry on the south side. There was a new octagonal pulpit with open traceried sides and raised upon a stem above a stepped base. There was a new and decorative chancel arch, and an open-timbered roof, of which the braces under the collar were supported on "richly carved corbels." The chancel floor was laid with encaustic tiles by Maw & Co. of Jackfield.[14]

Barber reinstalled the original east window's stonework, and put in stained glass by Powell of Leeds.[150] A Caen stone credence table was built into the south wall of the chancel, there was new heating and gas lighting, and all windows had been replaced. Gill & Co. were the stonemasons. Items donated by the congregation were the altar cloth, altar rails and standards, alms dish and collecting bags, brass pulpit desk and lights, oak chairs, brass lectern and a new font carved by sculptor George Dyson of Crosland Moor.[14][151]

The 1877 chancel gave occasion for a new reredos.[13] On Sunday 27 July 1879 three special services raising £13 in collections were given at the church by the vicars of Newmill, Meltham and Linthwaite to inaugurate the reredos.[152] The reredos was designed by Barber and carved by Cox, Sons, Buckley & Co. of London at a total cost of £130 raised by subscription from the parish.[153] The reredos was replaced in 1920 and is now lost, but the Huddersfield Chronicle described it thus in 1879:[152][154]

"It is of richly carved oak with croquets and terminals and illuminated panels, with emblems representing the Four Evangelists, the Agnus Dei and the Cross occupying the central position; the whole being further enriched by the not too frequent use of the fleur-de-lys. The dado is richly illuminated on zinc."[152]

Church of St Thomas the Apostle, Killinghall, 1880

St Thos Killinghall

This is an unlisted building in Killinghall, Harrogate, North Yorkshire.[155] It is a large building for its simple, bell-gable design. It retains its original pews, font and pulpit. It has two bells by John Taylor of Loughborough and Mears & Stainbank, plus a clock with tower mechanism.[156]

Church of St James the Less, New Mills, 1880

St James the Less

This is a Grade II listed building in New Mills; the associated almshouses, also designed by Barber in 1880, are also Grade II listed.[16][157] Barber said he bore "ungrudging testimony to the good workmanship and willingness" of his craftsmen on this job.[1] St James the Less, consecrated on 11 October 1880, is a decorated Gothic Revival and Arts and Crafts building in a style reminiscent of the late 13th century. The client wanted a simple building, but accepted decoration within, including windows by Charles Eamer Kempe.[158] It is built of local stone.[1] In keeping with Arts and Crafts principles, local craftsmen were used: stonemason Thomas Stafford and joiner Joseph Hudson. The interior wall frescoes and stencilled designs are by Powell Bros of Leeds, and this decoration may be the only existing example of Charles and Albert Powell's interior painting schemes; their primary commissions were stained glass windows.[158] They painted the ceiling red and gold.[159][160] This church at Spring Bank, New Mills, Derbyshire, was restored in 2011–2012 and is now Spring Bank Arts Centre.[161]

Methodist Church of St John, Halifax, 1880

St John's Methodist church

St John's Methodist Church in Halifax, West Yorkshire, was sited at the corner of Harrison Road and Prescott Street. It was also known as St John's Wesleyan Church or Chapel, and was designed in Perpendicular Gothic style by Barber in 1880. It had a rose window and a Caen stone pulpit by Thompson of Peterborough.[162] On 23 February 1881 the rebuilt organ was opened by W.T. Best, who was the organist at St George's Hall, Liverpool. The organ had been rebuilt by Forster & Andrews, and Barber had designed "an elaborately carved case . . . to harmonise with the Perpendicular architecture of the chapel."[163] The building was declared redundant in 1965 and was demolished in September 1966, to be replaced by Trinity Court flats.[162]

Church of St John the Divine, Thorpe, 1880

John the Divine

This was one of the first reinforced concrete churches in the UK. It stood on Rochdale Road, Triangle, Thorpe, Halifax, West Yorkshire. Barber designed it for a congregation of 300 at a building cost of £7,000 in 1880. It was consecrated on 23 September of that year. It had a carved, Caen stone altarpiece and stained glass windows by Heaton, Butler and Bayne of London. The building sustained severe fire damage in 1917; it cost £5,000 to restore, and was reconsecrated on 17 June 1923. It closed on 9 June 1968 and was demolished in 1973. [164][165]

Church of St Peter, Hartshead, 1881

St Peter, Hartshead

This is a Grade II* listed building in Church Lane, Hartshead, West Yorkshire.[166] This Anglo-Norman church of 1120 was heavily and completely restored by Barber at a building cost of £2,530 in 1881, and his work is included in the English Heritage listing description.[166] The south door, the west tower and the chancel arch are original 12th century features.[166][167][168] In the churchyard is a sundial of 1610 and a watch house or bier house of around 1828 which has been used as a school room. On the opposite side of the road are stocks; these three items are also listed.[169][170][171]

Church of St Paul, Eastthorpe, Mirfield, 1881

St Paul, Mirfield

This is a Grade II listed building on Huddersfield Road, Mirfield, West Yorkshire.[17][172][173] It was designed by Barber at a building cost of £8,000 and consecrated on Tuesday 1 November 1881 by Bishop Ryan.[18] The foundation stone was laid on 25 January 1881 by Edward Theodore Ingham, JP, of Blake Hall, in memory of Rev. Ralph Maude, a previous vicar of Mirfield. The ground plan was designed as a 97 feet (30 m) by 48 feet (15 m) parallelogram in the interior. The interior nave was designed to be 18.5 feet (5.6 m) wide, and the chancel 13 feet (4.0 m) wide. The pillars of the nave and chancel together formed seven bays, and those columns are Dalbeattie granite monoliths from the quarries of Shearer, Field & Co. The interior walls are faced with local polished ashlar wallstones. There is a porch on the south side, and a doorway on the north side through the tower. Originally this north doorway had an "ornamental carved and moulded oak screen with tracery headed panels filled with cathedral glass with lead cameo."[18]

Black marble font designed by Barber

On the ground floor of the tower is the entrance, above that the organ chamber, then the ringing chamber, the clock chamber, the belfry, a stone gabled roof, and finally there was originally an "ornamental wrought iron cross."[18] The Gothic Revival style was intended to mimic the style of the 14th century. There is carving at the entrances and at the tops of the chancel columns. The original east and west windows were by Charles Eamer Kempe. There was a reredos as wide as the chancel, and a pitch-pine interior roof. The nave was floored with wood block beneath the pews, and flagged in the aisles. John Thompson of Peterborough made the oak pews, pulpit and prayer desk, and the altar table in the nave and chancel. The octagonal font was of black marble, plainly carved and seated on two Dalbeattie granite steps. The church and all interior furnishings were designed and supervised by Barber, who was described in the Yorkshire Gazette as "Mr W. Swinden Barber, F.R.I.B.A. of Halifax, whose success as an ecclesiastical architect is so well known."[18] The bells of St Paul's, made by Taylor of Loughborough and hung in 1882, were removed in 1998 to Charleston, South Carolina.[174][175] The clock was made by William Potts of Leeds and installed in 1882; the autowind motor was installed by another company.[176]

Extensions to King James Grammar School, Almondbury, 1880–83

This is a Grade II listed building on St Helen's Gate at Almondbury, Huddersfield, West Yorkshire. However Barber's extensions to the structure are specifically not included in the listing. Barber added the south wing in 1880: it has a classroom, dormitory, master's room, kitchen, and bedrooms for domestic staff. In 1883 he added more rooms, possibly to the south wing. These were a schoolroom, classroom, dormitory and master's room.[177][178]

Church of St James, Chapelthorpe, 1882

St James, Chapelthorpe

This is a Grade II listed building on Church Lane, Chapelthorpe, Wakefield, West Yorkshire WF4 3JG.[179][180][181] The church had been built in 1771, and Barber enlarged it by adding the chancel and sanctuary in 1882. He replaced the pews and pulpit, and removed the gallery, reading desk and clerk's desk. Barber's chancel took up 178 square yards of the churchyard, and increased the interior length of the building to 94 feet (29 m).[179] However the building burned down in 1951,[182] and was rebuilt with the original 17th and 19th century stone walls and openings. Therefore, Barber's exterior survives, rebuilt with the same materials and to the same plan.[179][183] It was Barber who noticed during the 1882 building work that one of the stones built into the east wall was of 13th-century origin, indicating the date of an earlier church on the site.[183]

Church of St Michael and All Angels, East Ardsley, 1884

St Michael, East Ardley

This is a Grade II listed building.[19] It is situated in Church Lane, East Ardsley near Wakefield, West Yorkshire, and was designed by Barber between 1880 and 1884 as a rebuild, using a Norman doorway from the previous church, which was a chapel of ease for the Church of St Mary at Woodkirk. St Mary's was owned by the 12th century Nostell Priory (which now has a mansion on its site).[184] The Perpendicular-style west tower is in four stages and has battlements, angle buttresses and an octagonal south-west exterior spiral staircase which goes up to a turret doorway onto the roof. Barber used "large, re-marked, punch-dressed stone" and supplemented it with Morley stone brought from Denton quarries. There are memorial windows by Heaton, Butler and Bayne. St Michael's contains some monuments and furnishings from the earlier church, for example there is a 1663 octagonal font, and in the vestry is 17th century panelling made from box pews. As in some of Barber's other churches, the chancel has a lower roof than the nave.[19] The tower contains eight bells.[185]

Church of St Oswald, Filey, 1885

St Oswald, Filey

This is a Grade I listed building in Church Cliff Drive, Filey, Scarborough, the oldest parts of which were built in the twelfth to fifteenth centuries.[186] Barber restored and partly rebuilt it in 1885, but the roof was fire-damaged in 1908 and had to be partly rebuilt. The extent of Barber's renovation is unknown, but the south porch and nave windows are his work.[186][187][188]

Church of St John the Divine, Menston, 1885

John the Divine, Menston

This was an enlargement by Barber consisting of a new north aisle and vestries for an existing 1871 church in Burley Lane, Menston, West Yorkshire. The plans were created in 1884–85 and the building was completed in 1886.[184][189][190] There have been other additions since Barber's work. In 1890 an organ chamber was added, with an organ by I.W. Binns of Bramley; the organ has been rebuilt several times since then. In 1920 a reredos and panelling were installed in the sanctuary; the reredos has now been removed. In 1950 the organ was rebuilt, the pulpit moved and pews and other carved furniture such as pew ends, pulpit, lectern and baptistry screen were made by Thompson's of Kilburn. In 1970 a Lady chapel and two vestries were designed by architect Michael Ryley. There is a World War I memorial listing not just those who died, but all those who served in the war.[189] This building is not listed.

Church of St Michael and All Angels, Beckwithshaw, 1886

St Michael and All Angels, Beckwithshaw

In 1886 Barber designed Beckwithshaw Church, North Yorkshire. It is a Grade II listed building.[22] It was consecrated on 29 September of that year by the Bishop of Ripon. It is substantial but simple, in Gothic Revival and Arts and Crafts style. It is furnished with its original carved reredos, pulpit and font by William Pashley, and stained glass windows by Charles Eamer Kempe. The floor is of decorative encaustic tiles, and there are six bells in the tower. There was originally a carved statue of St Michael overcoming the Dragon, possibly by William Pashley, but this is now missing.[191] The church remains in use and apart from the missing statue is an example of Arts and Crafts architecture in pristine and unchanged condition.

Church of St John the Evangelist, Cleckheaton, 1886

St John, Cleckheaton

This is a Grade II listed building at Church Street, Cleckheaton, West Yorkshire.[20] The church was originally designed in 1830–32 by Peter Atkinson Junior,[192] but only the tower of his building remains. Barber rebuilt the rest in 1886–88 in hammer-dressed stone. It has a five-bay nave with buttressed aisles, and the chancel has a further two bays. It has a south porch and a vestry wing to the chancel. The east window has five lights. The tower has three tiers and a south doorway. The tower used to have pinnacles, now gone.[20][193] In the chancel there is a carved stone reredos of the Last Supper, date unknown.[20] Barber drew earlier plans for this church in 1886, but these were rejected by the client for an unknown reason.[184] No plans now exist for this project.

Church of St Andrew, Stainland, 1887

St Andrew, Stainland

This is a Grade II listed building, with the graveyard wall and railings also listed at Grade II.[194][195] This church at Stainland Road, Stainland, Halifax, West Yorkshire, was rebuilt by architect Charles Child in 1839, using the remaining tower and north and south walls of the 1754 St Bartholomew's Chapel. It was consecrated in 1840 by the Bishop of Ripon.[196] In 1887 Barber partly rebuilt and enlarged it.[197] In 1898 a Harrison organ was installed in the church.[198] Around 2008 the church had major alterations in which a large social area, toilets and kitchen facilities were placed at the rear of the church.[199]

Church of St Mark, Old Leeds Road, 1887

St Mark, Old Leeds Road, Huddersfield

The former Church of St Mark, Old Leeds Road, Huddersfield, was an Anglican parish church in West Yorkshire. It was designed in 1886 by Barber[200] when the parish of St Peter's was split and a new building was required to accommodate a growing congregation. It was opened in 1887. Among the vicars posted in this benefice were the very popular Canon Percy Holbrook,[201] the notoriously unfortunate Reverend Jonas Pilling who was involved in a standoff with his congregation for many years,[202] the sociable Reverend Robert Alfred Humble who died in mysterious circumstances,[203][204] and the eloquent preacher Reverend Joseph Miller, who had previously been a Congregational minister.[205][206]

Church of St Jude, Savile Park, 1888

St Jude, Halifax

This is a Grade II listed building in Savile Park Road, Savile Park, Halifax, West Yorkshire.[21] It was designed by Barber and ground broken in 1888, and the foundation stone was laid in May 1889, although it was not inscribed until the early 1900s.[207] The tower is 89 feet (27 m) high to the pinnacles, and its design was exhibited at the Royal Academy of Arts. The building is 107 feet (33 m) long and 48 feet (15 m) wide. Barber's fees charged to the Building Committee included "coins for bottle in foundation stone." The building was funded by brothers John and William Baldwin who paid £8,400 in total including boundary walls. The church was consecrated on Thursday 13 November 1890 by Bishop Walsham How. The font was originally in the south-west corner (now moved to centre) and is carved out of Caen stone, with St Jude's symbol of a fishing boat; there is a similar symbol carved in the organ arch. The font has the original carved wooden cover which once featured a dove finial. However, much of the remaining interior has been redesigned since 1889, giving it a different appearance. For example, it had gas lighting, which was replaced with electric lighting in 1904. There was originally an organ by Abbott and Smith of Leeds, and this was renovated between 1932 and 1974.[208][209] In spite of these and other interior changes, the English Heritage description says: "It is a large suburban church retaining its late C19 character, in a prominent position on the edge of Savile Park, where it makes an important contribution to the historical integrity of the local townscape. The interior preserves a traditional late C19 layout retaining nearly all of its original fixtures."[21][210][211]

Lodge at Shroggs Park, Halifax, 1892

Shroggs Park Lodge

In 1892 Barber designed the lodge at the entrance to the park in Lee Mount Road, Halifax, after Edward Milner had designed the park in 1881.[212][213][214] At the back of the lodge the date 1892 is carved on the wall under the gable. In a similar position at the front of the building is carved the coat of arms of Halifax. At some point in the 19th or 20th century the upper floor was lowered; it now obscures the interior tops of the ground floor windows. The upstairs rooms contain an original cast iron fireplace, and the remains of a hand-made Arts and Crafts engraved black slate fireplace, with cast-iron hood inlaid with red and black tiles. As of February 2014 the lodge, which is a private residence and is not listed, was under major renovation.

Church of St John the Divine, Calder Grove, 1892

St John the Divine, Wakefield

This building is Grade II listed[215] Barber designed St John the Divine at Denby Dale Road West, Calder Grove, Wakefield, West Yorkshire in 1892 at a building cost of £1,300, and it was consecrated by the Bishop of Wakefield on Tuesday 23 May 1893.[216] The building was commissioned in memory of her husband John Mackie, JP, by Mrs Mary Mackie of New Mills, Derbyshire, who also commissioned St James the Less Church, designed by Barber in 1880.[1] The two buildings are not dissimilar.[1] The church is still in commission and has a pipe organ and a peg bell by Mears & Stainbank.[217][218] The building was described as "a Mission church in the Early English style." It is built of Elland stone with Huddersfield stone dressing. The nave has an open-timberwork roof and is 50 feet (15 m) long. The chancel is 22 feet (6.7 m) long. The original pews were of stained and varnished red deal. The east window is a memorial to John Mackie. The congregation at the dedication service included Mrs Mackie, her brother in law and other relatives, people from "leading families in the locality "including Briggs, Thompson and Cartwright, and numerous local clergy."[216][219] The building has a cut bench mark on the exterior north side.[220]

Town Hall, Brighouse, 1898

Town Hall, Brighouse

This is a Grade II listed building In Thornton Square, Brighouse, West Yorkshire.[221] This work was a development by Barber of the existing Town Hall at Brighouse, West Yorkshire. It was originally designed by John Lord junior as the Municipal Offices, to be used as an annexe to the old town hall (now the Civic Hall; see above). It opened on 16 March 1887. In 1898 Barber was employed to do more work of unknown nature on this building. One possibility is that he was connected in some way with the chairman's chair in the Council Chamber. It had a carved reredos in the style of the late 1890s, and Barber was known to have expertise in this type of piece. The Listing description describes it thus: "Chairman's chair has carved reredos behind with canopy over with pediment and drop finials." In 2010 the Council sold the property, the chairman's chair was dismantled, and there is now a dental practice in the building.[222][223]

Church of St Matthew, Primrose Hill, 1898–99

Barber submitted plans for St Matthew mission church, Primrose Hill, Rashcliffe in Huddersfield, in 1898–99, but his submission was rejected. The church was eventually built in 1902 by an architect whose identity is not known.[224][225][226]

Undated works

Farfield House, Halifax, 1870s

Farfield House

Barber designed this house for himself in the 1870s. It is located opposite the old Stafford Arms pub – now a restaurant – at 193 Huddersfield Road.[227] As of 2014 it has been developed into apartments.[228] Farfield House is a "large and prominent house" in a Conservation Area.[229]


  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Springbank Arts: the architect William Swinden Barber Retrieved 18 February 2014
  2. 1 2 English Heritage: Civic Hall, no.1133850 Retrieved 26 February 2014
  3. 1 2 3 Images of England: Church School, Upper Kirkgate, no.437411 Retrieved 21 February 2014
  4. 1 2 Archaeology Data Service: Causey Hall, Halifax, West Yorkshire: an archaeological watching brief, p.2 of 8 Retrieved 5 April 2014. Page 2 confirms that Causey Hall was originally built as the parish church school.
  5. 1 2 3 4 5 English Heritage: Church of Emmanuel, no.1135365 Retrieved 20 February 2014
  6. 1 2 3 4 5 Church Plans Online: William Swinden Barber Retrieved 29 January 2014
  7. 1 2 The Church of England: St Thomas, Thurstonland Retrieved 27 February 2014
  8. 1 2 3 English Heritage: Listed buildings, Victoria Memorial, ref.1254042 Retrieved 18 February 2014
  9. 1 2 3 Archiseek 1877 – Victoria Cross, Halifax, Yorkshire Retrieved 18 February 2014
  10. 1 2 English Heritage: Church of St Matthew, no.1300120 Retrieved 1 March 2014
  11. 1 2 3 English Heritage: Church of St Paul, no.1313446 Retrieved 28 February 2014
  12. 1 2 3 English Heritage, Abbotts Ladies Homes (or House): numbers 1 and 2, 1272633, numbers 3 and 4, 1138781, numbers 5 and 6, 1243973, number 7, 1330017, numbers 8 and 9, 1243977,numbers 10 and 11, 1138782, number 12, 1330018, The Lodge, 1330016, Walls and gates to Abbotts Ladies Homes, no.1243995 Retrieved 26 February 2014
  13. 1 2 3 4 English Heritage: Church of All Saints Retrieved 28 February 2014
  14. 1 2 3 4 Huddersfield Chronicle, Tuesday 04 December 1877 p4: "Re-opening of All Saints Church, Netherthong"
  15. 1 2 3 4 English Heritage: Church of St John the Evangelist, Warley, Halifax, listed building 1259129 Retrieved 29 January 2024
  16. 1 2 English Heritage: Almshouses Church of St James the Less (group listing) Retrieved 1 March 2014
  17. 1 2 English Heritage: Church of St Paul, no.1134683 Retrieved 2 April 2014
  18. 1 2 3 4 5 Yorkshire Gazette 5 November 1881: Consecration of a new church at Mirfield
  19. 1 2 3 English Heritage: Church of St Michael, no.1262994 Retrieved 27 February 2014
  20. 1 2 3 4 English Heritage: Church of St John, no.1134593 Retrieved 1 March 2014
  21. 1 2 3 English Heritage, Church of St Jude, Free School Lane, no.1254029 Retrieved 18 February 2014
  22. 1 2 English Heritage, listed building no. 1421800
  23. Journal of proceedings of the Royal Institute of British Architects. 1879/80 London, RIBA, 1880 p. 79 "William Swinden Barber (Halifax)"
  24. Gregory 2006, p. xvi.
  25. Ancestry.com: Joshua Barber Retrieved 12 February 2014
  26. Amcestry.com: the Barber family Retrieved 12 February 2014
  27. 1 2 3 Ancestry.com: John Barber Retrieved 12 February 2014
  28. A possible IGI record for Sarah Schofield is: Mrs Barber (1724–1820) died at Barker Royde aged 96
  29. Death cert: March 1844, Barber, William, Halifax, 22/181
  30. Ancestry.com: William Barber Retrieved 12 February 2014
  31. WB 1849 probably refers to William's son William, brother of William Swinden Barber's father, John. In the 1841 Census, William is living close by Barker Royde Farm, and is described as a card-maker, i.e. he was working at Barker Royde Mill.
  32. Ancestry.com: Barker Royde, Southowram Retrieved 2 February 2014
  33. United Kingdom Census 1841: HO/107/1303/12/p.43. Note: Mary Barber may be William's second wife
  34. Death cert: Jun 1883, Barber, John, 82, Halifax, 9a/302
  35. IGI: GS.film.1542272, ref.D9/21.p, ID.178.n.532
  36. Death cert: Sarah Barber age 87, March 1881, Halifax, born 1794, 9a/299
  37. United Kingdom Census 1841: HO/107/1303/12/p.15
  38. 1 2 Ancestry.com: John Barber Retrieved 12 February 2014
  39. United Kingdom Census 1851 HO/107/2297/p.378
  40. United Kingdom Census 1861: RG9/3726/p.6
  41. United Kingdom Census 1871: RG10/4386/p.6
  42. Bonegate Hall, Brighouse, is now occupied by a demolition company Retrieved 12 February 2014
  43. United Kingdom Census 1881: RG11/54/p.19/PieceNo.4395
  44. Malcolm Bull's Calderdale Companion: William Swinden Barber
  45. 1 2 Ancestry.com: William Swinden Barber Retrieved 12 February 2014
  46. Marriage cert: December 1877, Barber, William Swinden, And Byrne, Anne, Malmsbury, 5a/71
  47. York Herald 15 October 1877: Marriages
  48. London Standard 13 October 1877: Marriages. They were married by Rev. Richard Haking, rector of Easton Grey and Rev. John Hope, rector of Dodington
  49. 1 2 Death cert: December 1908, Barber, William Swinden, 76, Portsmouth, 2b/284
  50. Death cert: March 1909, Barber, Ann, 80, Pontefract, 9c/90
  51. 1860 London Royal Blue Book 1860 (a London street directory)
  52. 1861–1866 Electoral registers for Southowram, West Yorkshire. He is listed as officially living in London but registered to vote in Southowram because he owns Slead Cottage, a freehold house, garden and stable.
  53. Financial Times 5 February 2000 p.7: "Aesthetes snapped in fancy dress, Richard McClure on a compelling study of untapped genius and stolen thunder" by Richard McClure
  54. The Observer 30 January 2000 p.10: Arts, photography, "He liked men in period costume. And women out of shot" by Gaby Wood.
  55. 1869–1872 Electoral Registers for Southowram
  56. United Kingdom Census 1871, RG/10/438B/90/p.15
  57. 1885–1890 Electoral Registers for Wike
  58. Ancestry.com: Farfield, Halifax, built by JS Barber Retrieved 12 February 2014
  59. Horace Melville Smith Retrieved 12 February 2014
  60. United Kingdom Census 1881: RG11/4406/p.24
  61. United Kingdom Census 1891: RG12/127/p.20/PieceNo.3593
  62. 1891–1897 Electoral Registers for Hipperholme-cum-Brighouse and Wike
  63. 1 2 1898 Electoral Register for Brighouse
  64. 1 2 United Kingdom Census 1901: RG13/990/p.10
  65. Barber does not appear in the 1841, 1861 or 1881 Census, although in 1861 a William Barber born in Halifax 1834, MA Worcester College Oxon and student of law at Lincolns Inn, is living at 17 Sand Downe Road North, St Mary Abbotts, Kensington, with his wife Elizabeth aged 26 and their daughter Charlotte who was born at Brighouse. United Kingdom Census 1861: RG/9/14/p.36
  66. UK CPI inflation numbers based on data available from Gregory Clark (2016), "The Annual RPI and Average Earnings for Britain, 1209 to Present (New Series)" MeasuringWorth.
  67. England & Wales, National Probate Calendar (Index of Wills and Administrations 1908: Probate) 16 June 1908
  68. Felstead, Franklin & Pinfield 1993.
  69. What is Arts and Crafts? An overview of the Arts and Crafts movement Retrieved 21 March 2014
  70. 1 2 Huddersfield Chronicle 11 August 1873. Letter in newspaper signed by James Christie: "St Peter's Church improvements"
  71. John Holdsworth & Co. Ltd: images of mill and environs, with an image of Spring Hall, designed by Barber for Tom Holdsworth Retrieved 6 April 2014
  72. See image of Brighouse in 1914 with its factory chimneys and blackened streets, contrasted by the clean new church in the foreground, which had just been built that year: File:Brighouse101.jpg
  73. Perry's Bankrupt & Insolvent Gazette 5 March 1859, col.183
  74. Dictionary of Irish Architects: John Philpot Jones Retrieved 17 February 2014
  75. Biographical dictionary of architects in Canada: John Philpot Jones Retrieved 17 February 2014
  76. Bishop Auckland Town Hall Retrieved 17 February 2014
  77. Dictionary of Scottish architects: Crossland and Jones Retrieved 17 February 2014
  78. Manchester history: Reform Club Retrieved 17 February 2014
  79. Directory of British Architects: James Mallinson, William Swinden Barber's partner Retrieved 29 January 2014
  80. Malcolm Bell's Calderdale Companion: Mallinson & Barber Retrieved 21 February 2014
  81. 1883 Deacon's Court Guide, Gazetteer and County Blue Book, Yorkshire: Barber living at or working from 9 George Street, Halifax
  82. London Gazette: March 14 1871, p.1397: dissolution of partnership with Mallinson Retrieved 29 January 2014
  83. Church of England records in the London Borough of Lewisham area Retrieved 20 February 2014
  84. Malcolm bull's Calderdale companion: Civic Hall, Brighouse Retrieved 21 February 2014
  85. From Weaver to Web: Buildings of Brighouse, p.37 Retrieved 15 May 2014
  86. English Heritage: Church School, no.1273134 Retrieved 26 February 2014
  87. Malcolm Bull's Calderdale companion: Halifax Parish Church Day School Retrieved 21 February 2014
  88. Heritage Works: Causey Hall, Halifax Retrieved 26 February 2014
  89. Church of England: Emmanuel Shelley Retrieved 20 February 2014
  90. 140 Years at Emmanual Church Shelley Retrieved 6 April 2014
  91. 1 2 Huddersfield Chronicle 12 September 1868: Consecration of Shelley Church
  92. Kirklees Council: Shelley War Memorial Retrieved 20 February 2014
  93. Yorkshire indexers: Shelley Emmanueal Church Retrieved 20 February 2014
  94. Kirklees image archive: image of Emmanuel church interior, Shelley, undated, early 20th century Retrieved 22 February 2014
  95. English Heritage: Church of St Thomas, no.1135375 Retrieved 27 February 2014
  96. 1 2 Halifax Courier 13 February 2001 Retrieved 19 May 2014
  97. Image of St Mary's, Halifax Retrieved 21 February 2014
  98. Malcolm Bell's Calderdale Companion: St Mary's Church, Halifax Retrieved 21 February 2014
  99. West Yorkshire Archive Service Wakefield: St Mary's Church records collection WDP170. Baptisms 1870–1953 and Marriages 1871–1957 Retrieved 21 February 2014
  100. Calderdale Council: Register Office Retrieved 9 March 2014
  101. The Holdworths: Spring Hall, Halifax Retrieved 18 February 2014
  102. Information from Calderdale Council Retrieved 27 February 2014
  103. 1893 Kelly's Directory, West Riding: William Swinden Barber FRIBA, 28 George Street, Halifax.
  104. English Heritage: Stafford Hall, Huddersfield Road, no.1244125 Retrieved 26 February 2014
  105. 1 2 Images of England: Stafford Hall, no.447658 The building had become neglected by 2010; see image here Retrieved 21 February 2014
  106. Sawyer, K. C., Living stones: the story of All Saints', Salterhebble, Halifax, 1846–1995 (All Saints Church, Halifax, 1995) This book cites the name change from All Saints Vicarage to Stafford Hall
  107. Malcolm Bull's Calderdale companion: All Saints' Vicarage, Halifax Retrieved 21 February 2014
  108. Malcolm Bull's Calderdale companion: Stafford Hall, Halifax Retrieved 21 February 2014
  109. Malcolm Bull's Calderdale companion: 2010 images of Stafford Hall Retrieved 21 February 2014
  110. Carehomes.gp: Stafford Hall Children's Home Note: Stafford Hall has the same address and postcode as All Saints Vicarage, and the 2014 image of Stafford Hall matches the Images of England image of All Saints Vicarage, 1993. Retrieved 28 March 2014
  111. English Heritage: Parish Church of St Peter, no.1134977 Retrieved 3 March 2014
  112. Huddersfield Daily Examiner 19 September 2012: "Nostalgia: With gallery – A glimpse inside Huddersfield Parish Church St Peter’s history" Retrieved 3 March 2014
  113. Huddersfield Heritage (leaflet): "11. Huddersfield Parish Church" Retrieved 3 March 2014
  114. The Church of England: St Peter Huddersfield Retrieved 3 March 2014
  115. Huddersfield Parish Church: history Retrieved 3 March 2014
  116. West Yorkshire Archive Service: D000032 Huddersfield St Peter, parish records (WDP32) Retrieved 3 March 2014
  117. The Buildings of Huddersfield by Keith Gibson and Albert Booth: 58. Parish Church of St Peter Retrieved 89 May 2014
  118. Huddersfield Chronicle 6 August 1873: "Local and district niews". This article cites Barber as architect of the interior re-ordering
  119. Akroydon, by Dr Judith Roberts Retrieved 29 January 2014
  120. Bartleby: The Excursion by Wordworth, full text Retrieved 18 February 2014
  121. Akroydon page 2, by Dr Judith Roberts Retrieved 18 February 2014
  122. Calderdale.gov.uk: Victoria Cross, Halifax Retrieved 18 February 2014
  123. A Day Out, 1972 Retrieved 18 February 2014
  124. The 1875 gate piers for the previous building are listed Grade II. See English Heritage: Gate Piers to Church of st Matthew, no.1133793 Retrieved 26 February 2014
  125. Brighouse Echo 7 Feb 2014: "More memories of St Matthew's" Retrieved 19 Sept 2016
  126. 1 2 Malcolm Bull's Calderdale companion: St Matthew's Church, Lightcliffe Retrieved 26 February 2014
  127. St Matthews Parish Church Lightcliffe: the parish of Lightcliffe Retrieved 26 February 2014
  128. West Yorkshire Archive Service office in Wakefield: Collection WDP47 Baptisms 1703–1963, Banns 1845–1984, Marriages 1704–1989 and Burials 1704–1976
  129. Malcolm Bull's Calderdale companion: Images of the interior of Rastrick Church Retrieved 26 February 2014
  130. Building News 1 October 1875 p379: "Lightcliffe"
  131. English Heritage: Church of St Matthew, Church Street, no.1183810 A C10 or C11 cross base in the churchyards is also listed: English Heritage: Cross base, no.1314049 Further description of the cross base is here. Retrieved 26 February 2014
  132. St Matthews Church, Rastrick Retrieved 12 February 2014
  133. Hitoric England: Stainland Cross. no.1133961
  134. A Concise History of the Parish and Vicarage of Halifax, in the County of York (1836), by John Crabtree, p.498: "Stainland Cross"
  135. The Building News, 3 September 1875 p.270: "Chips"
  136. Leeds Mercury 24 January 1878: "Contracts"
  137. The Church of England: Parish of St Paul Drighlington – history Retrieved 28 February 2014
  138. 1 2 Leeds Mercury, Saturday 27 April 1878 p12: "Church consecration at Drighlington"
  139. Forebears: Drighlington – Historical description Retrieved 28 February 2014
  140. Morley community archives: image of interior of St Paul's Drighlington, 1960 Retrieved 28 February 2014
  141. Yorkshire Post and Leeds Intelligencer, Saturday 27 April 1878 p8: "Consecration of St Paul's Drighlington"
  142. Malcolm Bull's Calderdale companion: John Abbott Retrieved 26 February 2014
  143. 1 2 Malcolm Bull's Calderdale companion: Abbott's Ladies Homes Retrieved 26 February 2014
  144. Open charities: The John Abbott's Trustees Ladies Home Retrieved 26 February 2014
  145. Church plans online: Halifax, St. John, Warley Retrieved 20 February 2014
  146. Leeds Mercury 13 April 1877: Ripon Church Building Society and Diocesan Board of Education – Church Building Society
  147. Malcolm Bull's Calderdale companion: Saint John the Evangelist, Warley Retrieved 26 February 2014
  148. West Yorkshire Archive Service office in Wakefield Collection WDP54: Baptisms 1876–1985, Banns 1891–1991 and Marriages 1879–1995.
  149. Malcolm Bull's Calderdale companion: Holroyd's Buildings, Brighouse Retrieved 21 February 2014
  150. This was the 1872 Leeds stained glass and murals firm of Charles and Albert Powell, which was taken over by Kayll & Co. in 1905; they closed around 1970.
  151. George Dyson: sculptor, monumental mason, registrar of births and deaths (b.1832 Linthwaite, d.1890 Crosland Moor)
  152. 1 2 3 Huddersfield Chronicle 29 July 1879: "Local and district news"
  153. For Cox, Sons, Buckley & Co., see V & A: Church furnishing in 19th century England Retrieved 28 February 2014
  154. All Saints Church Netherthong: "History – Gifts made to the fabric of the church" Retrieved 28 February 2014
  155. The Church of England: Killinghall St Thomas the Apostle Harrogate
  156. Ripon and Lees Bells: Killinghall St Thomas the Apostle SE 285584
  157. British Listed Buildings: Almshouses Church of St James the Less, New Mills Listing NGR: SK0005985895 Retrieved 18 February 2014
  158. 1 2 Spring Bank Arts: Art and architecture St James the Less church, Spring Bank, New Mills, Derbyshire. Retrieved 29 January 2014
  159. Cricksmith: Church of St James the Less, New Mills Retrieved 18 February 2014
  160. Sheffield Independent 17 September 1881: New Mills Church, Derbyshire. This article contains an extended description of the interior "spirit frescos" by Powell Bros of Leeds, who had recently similarly decorated the Church of St Andrew, Sharrow
  161. Spring Bank Arts: restoring the building Retrieved 18 February 2014
  162. 1 2 Malcolm Bull's Calderdale companion: Saint John's Methodist Church, Prescott Street Retrieved 22 February 2014
  163. Leeds Mercury 24 February 1881: Organ opening at Halifax
  164. Malcolm Bull's Calderdale companion: St John the Divine, Thorpe Retrieved 22 February 2014
  165. West Yorkshire Archive Service Wakefield, collection WDP138: Baptisms 1880–1967 and Marriages 1887–1967 Retrieved 22 February 2014
  166. 1 2 3 English Heritage: Church of St Peter, no.1134588 Retrieved 26 February 2014
  167. West Yorkshire Archive Service Wakefield: Collection WDP31: Baptisms 1612–1968, Banns 1846–1986, Marriages 1612–1973 and Burials 1612–1964 Retrieved 23 February 2014
  168. Malcolm Bull's Calderdale companion: Saint Peter's Church, Hartshead Retrieved 23 February 2014
  169. English Heritage: Sundial to south of chancel of St Peter's Church, no.1134589 Retrieved 26 February 2014
  170. English Heritage: Stocks opposite gates to St Peter's Church Retrieved 26 February 2014
  171. English Heritage: Old school room in St Peter's churchyard, north-east of church, no.1313708 Retrieved 26 February 2014
  172. Images of England: Church of St Paul, 340811 Retrieved 2 April 2014
  173. The Church of England: St Paul's Church, Mirfield
  174. Mirfield Team Parish: St Paul's Church Retrieved 2 April 2014
  175. Mirfield Memories: St Paul's Church, East Thorpe Retrieved 10 April 2014
  176. Information from Smith of Derby, who repaired the escapement in 2012
  177. English Heritage: Entrance block and extensions to north and north west at King James Grammar School, no.1232192 Retrieved 1 March 2014
  178. The Buildings of Huddersfield by Keith Gibson and Albert Booth: "Other buildings may be worthy of mention", p.24 Retrieved 89 May 2014
  179. 1 2 3 English Heritage: Church of St James 1199803 Retrieved 17 April 2014
  180. The Church of England: a church near you, St James, Chapelthorpe Retrieved 17 April 2014
  181. British Listed Buildings: Church of St James, Crigglestone 342314 Retrieved 22 April 2014
  182. See image of St James church after the 1951 fire Retrieved 17 April 2014
  183. 1 2 Walker's History of Wakefield (1939): St James Chapelthorpe Retrieved 17 April 2014
  184. 1 2 3 Church Plans Online: Ardsley, East, St. Michael & All Angels (1880–84) Yorkshire Retrieved 20 February 2014
  185. The Parish of St Michael's, East Ardsley with St Gabriel's Retrieved 27 February 2014
  186. 1 2 English Heritage: Church of St Oswald, Church Cliff Drive, no.1316455 Retrieved 1 March 2014
  187. Discover Yorkshire Coast: The parish church of St Oswald Filey Retrieved 1 March 2014
  188. Genuki: The ancient parish of Filey Links to images of interior of St Oswald's. Retrieved 1 March 2014
  189. 1 2 History of St John's Church, Menston Retrieved 20 February 2014
  190. The Church of England: St John the Divine, Menston Retrieved 20 February 2014
  191. The Yorkshire Post and Leeds Intelligencer 30 September 1886: consecration of Beckwithshaw Church Retrieved 16 February 2014
  192. Kirklees Council: Cleckheaton St John The Evangelist Church and Church Hall Retrieved 27 February 2014
  193. See pre 1914 image of church with tower pinnacles: File:St John Cleckheaton 002.jpg
  194. English Heritage: Church of St Andrew, Stainland, no.1299804 Retrieved 22 February 2014
  195. English Heritage: Graveyard wall and railings at Church of St Andrew, Stainland, no.1133963 Retrieved 22 February 2014
  196. Forebears: Stainland information Retrieved 22 February 2014
  197. Malcolm Bull's Calderdale companion: St Andrew's Church, Stainland Retrieved 22 February 2014
  198. Harrison and Harrison organ builders: catalogue of Harrison organs Retrieved 22 February 2014
  199. A church near you: St Andrew, Stainland Retrieved 22 February 2014
  200. Huddersfield Chronicle, West Yorkshire, England, Saturday 22 May 1886 p6: "The new Huddersfield church"
  201. Crockford's Clerical Directory (1931) Oxford
  202. Leeds Mercury, Thursday 21 April 1921 p9: "A Huddersfield enquiry, vicar who has not had a holiday for 15 years"
  203. Crockford's Clerical Directory (1908) Oxford
  204. Hartlepool Northern Daily Mail, Friday 01 February 1929 p7: "Vicar's death, midnight discovery in garden"
  205. Morpeth Herald, Friday 28 May 1915: "Morpeth congregationalists"
  206. Leeds Mercury, Wednesday 27 February 1929 p7: "Yorkshire pastor and the Church"
  207. European Library: 25. St Jude's Church Retrieved 29 January 2014
  208. The Church of England: Holy Trinity and St Jude's, Halifax Retrieved 29 January 2014
  209. British Institute of Organ Studies: Abbott and Smith Retrieved 18 February 2014
  210. Malcolm Bull's Calderdale Companion: St Jude's Church Retrieved 18 February 2014
  211. West Yorkshire Archive Service office in Wakefield, Collection WDP242: Baptisms 1890–1961 and Banns 1891–1964 Retrieved 1 March 2014
  212. From Weaver to Web: Shroggs Park, Halifax (Document ID: 100330) Retrieved 29 January 2014
  213. Malcolm Bull's Calderdale companion: Shroggs Park Retrieved 23 February 2014
  214. Malcolm Bull's Calderdale companion: blurred and distant image of lodge at Shroggs Park Retrieved 23 February 2014
  215. Historic England listing 1431631
  216. 1 2 Leeds Times Saturday 27 May 1893: "Chat in the porch"
  217. The Church of England: St John the Divine, Calder Grove Retrieved 19 February 2014
  218. Georgedawson.homestead.com: list of Wakefield churches and bells Retrieved 28 February 2014
  219. Leeds Mercury 24 May 1893: "The Mackie memorial church, Calder Grove"
  220. Bench Mark Database: Cut Mark: Calder Grove, Church of St John the Divine Retrieved 19 February 2014
  221. English heritage: Town Hall Briggate, no.1133856 Note: The Town Hall is in Thornton Square; "Briggate" is a typo. The listing title should read "Brighouse". Retrieved 3 March 2014
  222. Malcolm Bull's Calderdale companion: Brighouse Town Hall Interior Images of chairman's Chair. Retrieved 3 March 2014
  223. Malcolm Bull's Calderdale companion: Brighouse Town Hall Retrieved 21 February 2014
  224. The National Archives: Rashcliffe St Stephen and Primrose Hill St Matthew, parish records Retrieved 20 April 2014
  225. Church Plans Online: Primrose Hill St Matthew Retrieved 20 April 2014
  226. West Yorkshire Archive Service: Rashcliffe St Stephen and Primrose Hill St Matthew, parish records (WDP123) Retrieved 30 April 2014. Original 1902 plans held here
  227. Image of Farfield, Halifax Retrieved 21 February 2014
  228. Malcolm Bull's Calderdale companion: Farfield, Halifax Retrieved 21 February 2014
  229. Calderdale Metropolitan Borough Council: minutes of Planning Committee meeting 27 February 2007 Retrieved 8 March 2014


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