Equipment of the United States Army

Small Arms

M9 9×19mm Pistol  Italy To be replaced by the Modular Handgun System[1][2]
M11 9×19mm Pistol   Switzerland To be replaced through the Modular Handgun System program.[1][2]
M1911 .45 ACP Pistol  United States Limited service
Submachine Guns
MP5 9×19mm Parabellum Submachine gun  Germany Used in night operations, close quarters, hostage rescue, and escort
Assault Rifles/Carbine
M16 5.56×45mm NATO Assault rifle  United States Virtually universally phased out in favor of the M4.[3][4]
M4 5.56×45mm NATO Carbine  United States Standard service rifle.[5][6]
M231 FPW 5.56×45mm NATO Assault rifle  United States Modified M16 for use in the firing ports of the M2 Bradley
HK416 5.56×45mm NATO Assault rifle  Germany Used by Joint Special Operations Command
500 MILLS 12-gauge Shotgun  United States
M1014 12-gauge Shotgun  Italy
M26 MASS 12-gauge Shotgun  United States
M870 12 gauge Shotgun  United States
Machine Guns
M249 5.56×45mmLight machine gun United States Belt-fed, but can be used with STANAG magazines[7][8]
M240 7.62×51mm NATO General purpose machine gun  United States Belt-fed[9][10]
Browning M2HB .50 BMG Heavy machine gun  United StatesMounted on vehicles or tripods.[11]
DMRs and Sniper Rifles
M14 7.62×51mm NATO, Designated marksman rifle  United States
Mk 14 Enhanced Battle Rifle 5.56×45mm NATO, Designated marksman rifle  United States
M110 7.62×51mm NATO Sniper rifle  United States To be replaced by a version of the Heckler & Koch G28.[12]
M2010 .300 Winchester Magnum Sniper rifle  United States
M107 .50 BMG Anti-materiel rifle, sniper rifle  United States
Mk 20 SSR 7.62×51mm Sniper rifle  Belgium

 United States

Grenade-Based Weapons
Mk 19 40mm Automatic grenade launcher  United States Belt-fed.[13][14]
M203 40mm Grenade launcher  United States Single-shot underbarrel grenade launcher[15][16]
M320 40mm Grenade launcher  Germany Single-shot underbarrel or stand-alone grenade launcher
M67 Fragmentation grenade  United States
M18 Smoke grenade  United States
M84 Flashbang  United States
Portable Anti-Materiel Weapons
AT4 84mm Anti-tank weapon  Sweden
M141 83.5mm Anti-fortification  United States Single-shot shoulder-launched weapon designed to defeat hardened structures. Based on the SMAW
M72 LAW 66mm Anti-tank weapon  United States
M3 MAAWS[17] 84x246mm R Anti-tank recoilless rifle  Sweden
BGM-71 TOW Guided anti-tank missile  United States
FGM-148 Javelin Fire-and-forget anti-tank missile  United States
FIM-92 Stinger Anti-aircraft missile  United States


M224[18][19] 60 mm  United States Unknown
M252[20][21] 81 mm  United Kingdom Unknown
M120[22][23] 120 mm  Israel Unknown
M109 155 mm self-propelled howitzer  United States 950[24] [25]
M198 155 mm  United States 327
M777 155 mm gun-howitzer  United Kingdom ~403[26]
M119 105 mm howitzer  United Kingdom 392
Rocket Artillery
M270  United States 857[27] Armored, self-propelled, multiple rocket launcher
M142[28]  United States 340 M270 pod mounted on a standard Army Medium Tactical Vehicle (MTV) truck frame
Air Defense
C-RAM  United States Unknown Trailer-mounted version of the Phalanx CIWS
AN/TWQ-1 Avenger  United States ~800[29] Self-propelled surface-to-air missile system mounted on a HMMWV
MIM-104  United States 1,100[30] Mobile, long-range(by US standards) surface-to-air missile with anti-ballistic missile capability


Name Image Origin Quantity Notes
HMMWV  United States 160,000 (all services)[31][32] Around 40% of those remaining in service are armored. The HMMWV is to be replaced by the JLTV
Light Strike Vehicle  United States Unknown
Oshkosh L-ATV  United States 53,582 (procurement objective) Will part-replace the Humvee. Oshkosh Defense was awarded JLTV contract on 25 August 2015 for up to 16,901 JLTVs. Procurement objective is 53,582, 49,099 for the U.S. Army and 4,483 for the U.S. Marine Corps.[33]
RSOV  United Kingdom 60 (delivered)
M939 Truck
 United States 25,000[34] Intention is to replace with the Oshkosh FMTV. Figures include National Guard and Air Force
FMTV  United States 108,800 (delivered; FMTV trucks and companion trailers) Oshkosh Defense - >23,400 trucks/>11,400 trailers (current manufacturer). 74,000 trucks and trailers by legacy manufacturers. Figures include National Guard and Air Force[34]
HEMTT  United States >27,000 (new build and remanufactured)[35] Figures include National Guard and Air Force
Oshkosh HET
 United States 4,079 (delivered; not all remain in service)[36] 2,488 M1070A0 tractors and >2,600 M1000 trailers delivered of which at least 1,009 tractors and >1000 trailers have been Reset. 1,591 M1070A1 delivered. Figures include National Guard and Air Force.
Armoured Vehicles
M1 Abrams
 United States 8,848 active service[37] Main battle tank, 3,500 M1 in storage[38] Total 6331
M1120 Series
 United States 4,466[39] Armored personnel carrier
 United States 1,568 active duty Armored personnel carrier
 United States 2,777[40] Armored car
M2 Bradley
 United States 1,834 active service[41] Infantry fighting vehicle
M3 Bradley
 United States 224[42] Reconnaissance vehicle
M88 Hercules
 United States 748[43] Armored recovery vehicle
 United States ~490[44] Combat engineering vehicle
M-ATV  United States 8,722 (delivered; all services) Around 7,000 M-ATV are being retained, 5,651 of these (inc. 250 for SOCOM) by the Army. Oshkosh currently has a Reset contract in place[45]
Caiman  United States 2,868 (delivered)[46] No Caiman are being retained by the U.S. Army post-Afghanistan/Iraq. Caiman is based on a FMTV chassis. FMTV is now manufactured by Oshkosh[34]
Couger H
Couger HE
 United States 4,400 (est.)[47] Post-Afghanistan/Iraq the U.S. Army is not retaining any Cougar MRAPs[47]
International MaxxPro  United States 8,780 (all services)[47] Army to retain 2,934 MaxxPro post-Afghanistan/Iraq.
RG-31  South Africa 2,300 (est.) (all services)[47] 1,679 under MRAP procurement and 570 ONS Army; at least 894 Mk5E are required for conversion into MMPV Type II by the Army[47]
 South Africa 2,386 (all services)[47] 712 will be retained by the Army as MMPV Type 1[47]
Buffalo  United States 750[48]

Vehicle-mounted weapons


The U.S. Army operates some fixed-wing aircraft and many helicopters.[51]

Aircraft Photo Origin Role Version Quantity Note
Fixed-wing Aircraft
C-12 Huron  USA Cargo/Transport C-12C
Gulfstream C-20  USA Cargo/Transport C-20C 4
C-26 Metroliner  USA Cargo/Transport C-26E 11
C-31 Troopship  Netherlands Cargo/Transport C-31A 2
Gulfstream C-37  USA Cargo/Transport C-37A
EO-5  Canada Reconnaissance EO-5C 5[52] Previously designated as RC-7B
RC-12 Huron  USA Reconnaissance RC-12D
Cessna UC-35  USA Utility aircraft UC-35A
AH-6 Little Bird  USA Attack helicopter MH/AH-6M 47
AH-64 Apache  USA Attack helicopter AH-64D
CH-47 Chinook  USA Cargo helicopter CH-47D
EH-60 Black Hawk  USA Electronic-warfare helicopter EH-60A 64
MH-47 Chinook  USA Multi-mission helicopter MH-47G 27
MH-60 Black Hawk  USA Multi-mission helicopter MH-60K
OH-58 Kiowa  USA Observation helicopter OH-58A
60[53] Two squadrons remain as of April 2016
TH-67 Creek  USA
Trainer helicopter TH-67 180
UH-60 Black Hawk  USA Utility helicopter UH-60A

1227 planned
UH-72 Lakota  USA
Utility helicopter UH-72A 250 345 planned[56]
DHC-6 Twin Otter  Canada Utility STOL aircraft UV-18A 6



    The Army still operates several vessels.[57]

    Name Image Type Versions Quantity
    General Frank S. Besson Class Logistics Support Vessel 2 8
    Stalwart Class Ocean Surveillance Ship 1
    Runnymede Class Landing Craft Utility 35
    MGen. Nathanael Greene Class Large Tug 6


    Current attire
    Name Pattern name(s) Pattern Image Notes
    Army Combat Uniform (ACU) Universal Camouflage Pattern

    The ACU uses a new military camouflage pattern called the Universal Camouflage Pattern (UCP), which blends green, tan, and gray to work effectively in desert, woodland, and urban environments. The color scheme of the Army Combat Uniform is composed of a slate gray, desert sand and foliage green pixel pattern, which becomes darker or lighter depending on exposure to sunlight.

    Soldiers operating in Afghanistan are issued an ACU with the more appropriate "MultiCam" pattern.[58]

    Army Aircrew Combat Uniform (A2CU) Universal Camouflage Pattern

    A2CU replaces the Improved Aviation Battle Dress Uniform
    Physical Fitness Uniform

    The standard garrison service uniform is known as "Army Greens" or "Class-As".The "Army Blue" uniform, is currently the Army's formal dress uniform, but in 2009, it will replace the Army Green and the Army White uniforms (a uniform similar to the Army Green uniform, but worn in tropical postings) and will become the new Army Service Uniform, which will function as both a garrison uniform (when worn with a white shirt and necktie) and a dress uniform (when worn with a white shirt and either a necktie for parades or a bow tie for "after six" or "black tie" events). The Patrol Cap is worn with the ACU for garrison duty; and the beret with the Army Service Uniform for non-ceremonial functions. The Army Blue Service Cap, is allowed for wear by any soldier ranked CPL or above at the discretion of the commander.

    Body armor in all units is the Improved Outer Tactical Vest , which is now being supplemented with the lightweight Modular Body Armor Vest and Soldier Plate Carrier System. Head protection is provided by the Advanced Combat Helmet and Modular Integrated Communications Helmet, which are being replaced in deployed units by the Enhanced Combat Helmet.

    Field equipment

    Modular sleep system

    A Modular Sleep System in use

    The Modular Sleep System (MSS) is a sleeping bag kit used by the United States Army and manufactured by Tennier Industries. It consists of a camouflaged, waterproof, breathable bivy cover, a lightweight patrol sleeping bag, and an intermediate cold-weather sleeping bag (note that the color differs depending on the vintage of the gear). Compression sacks are included to store and carry the system. The MSS is available in a variety of camouflage patterns. The patrol bag provides weather protection from 35 to 50 degrees Fahrenheit. The intermediate bag provides cold weather protection from minus 5 to 35 degrees Fahrenheit. Combining the patrol bag and intermediate bags provides extreme cold weather protection in temperatures as low as minus 30 degrees Fahrenheit. The bivy cover can be used with each of three MSS configurations (patrol, intermediate, or combined) to provide environmental protection from wind and water. The sleeping bags are made of ripstop nylon fabrics and continuous-filament polyester insulation; the camouflage bivy cover is made with waterproof, breathable, coated or laminated nylon fabric; the compression sacks are made with water-resistant and durable nylon fabrics.[59]

    This section incorporates work from, which is in the public domain as it is a work of the United States Military.

    See also

    Wikimedia Commons has media related to United States Army equipment.


    1. 1 2 M9 Pistol, U.S. Army Fact Files.
    2. 1 2 John Pike. "M9 9 mm Beretta Pistol". Retrieved 27 May 2011.
    3. M16 Rifle, U.S. Army Fact Files.
    4. John Pike (22 December 2010). "M16 5.56mm Rifle". Retrieved 27 May 2011.
    5. M4 Carbine, U.S. Army Fact Files.
    6. John Pike (21 December 2010). "M4 / M4A1 5.56mm Carbine". Retrieved 27 May 2011.
    7. M249 Machine Gun, U.S. Army Fact Files.
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    9. M240 Machine Gun, U.S. Army Fact Files.
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    12. Jahner, Kyle (8 April 2016). "H&K confirms: This is the Army's new and improved sniper rifle". Army Times. Retrieved 9 June 2016. The gun will replace the M110 made by Knight's Armament as a culmination of the Army's desire for a shorter, lighter rifle that didn't sacrifice accuracy or performance.
    13. Mk193 Grenade Machine Gun, U.S. Army Fact Files.
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    38. The Military Balance 2016 p.40-43
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