General Assembly of the Ottoman Empire

General Assembly
Meclis-i Umumi
Coat of arms or logo
Houses Senate
Chamber of Deputies
Founded 23 November 1876
23 July 1908
Disbanded 13 February 1878
5 April 1920
Preceded by Divan-ı Hümayun
Succeeded by Grand National Assembly
Meeting place
Dolmabahçe Palace, Constantinople

The General Assembly[1] (Turkish: Meclis-i Umumî or Genel Parlamento) of the Ottoman Empire was the first attempt at representative democracy at the imperial level in the Ottoman Empire. Also known as the Ottoman Parliament, it was composed of two houses, an upper house (Senate, Meclis-i Âyân), and a lower house (Chamber of Deputies, Meclis-i Mebusân).[2] It was first constituted in 1876, and initially lasted until 1878, when the general assembly was dissolved by Abdul Hamid II. It was revived in the Second Constitutional Era with substantial reforms and participation by political parties, and lasted through the Allied occupation of Constantinople until 1922, when the empire was dissolved.

The successor to the general assembly, the Grand National Assembly of Turkey, was formed by many members of the former Ottoman legislature.

See also


  1. Article. 42 of the Constitution
  2. Rainer Grote; Tilmann Röder (16 February 2012). Constitutionalism in Islamic Countries: Between Upheaval and Continuity. Oxford University Press. p. 328. ISBN 978-0-19-975988-0.
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