Football in Seoul
Football is one of the most popular sports, both in terms of participants and spectators, in Seoul. Seoul had several of South Korea's leading football clubs and biggest football stadium - Seoul World Cup Stadium.
After the Royal Navy introduced the football in 1882, there was a footballing boom throughout the Korea. that saw many football clubs and school teams formed by the 1910s. Also in Seoul, many famous football clubs like Bulgyo Cheongnyeonhoe (불교청년회, Buddhist Youth Club), Geongang Gurakbu (건강구락부, Health Club) and Joseon Football Culb (조선축구단) were founded between the 1910s and 1920s, and they usually had a rivalry against football clubs in Pyongyang, the second biggest city in Korea. In 1933 Kyungsung FC, named according to Seoul's alternate name, was formed and it was the only Korean club which won the Emperor's Cup in Japan.
- Men's Football
|Top||K League Classic||FC Seoul||Dongdaemun Stadium
Seoul World Cup Stadium (North Seoul)
|2nd||K League Challenge||Seoul E-Land FC||Seoul Olympic Stadium (South Seoul)||2015–present|
|4th||K3 League||Seoul United||Seoul Olympic Stadium
|Seoul FC Martyrs||Gangbuk Public Stadium||2009–2015|
|Jungnang Chorus Mustang||Jungnang Public Ground||2012–present|
- Women's Football
|Top||WK League||Seoul WFC||Hyochang Stadium, Seoul Olympic Auxiliary Stadium||2004|
- Not Franchised Period 1983–1986 : K League Clubs had franchise but clubs played the all game of round at one stadium.
- Franchised Period 1987–present : K League introduced home and away matches system in 1987.
|Kyungsung FC||Seoul Stadium||1933–1953|
|Seoul FC||Mokdong Stadium||1973–2003|| Korean National Semi-Professional Football League Champions: (1978 Spring, 1980 Spring, 1985 Autumn, 1988 Spring, 1989 Autumn)|
National Football Championship Winner: (1980, 1982, 1986)
|Yukong Elephants||Dongdaemun Stadium||1983|| First professional football club based in the Seoul. |
But club's franchise was Seoul+Incheon+Gyeonggi
|1984–1986|| Yukong Elephants separated Incheon+Gyeonggi and based in the only Seoul. |
But they didn't have home matches in Seoul.
|Ilhwa Chunma||Dongdaemun Stadium||1989–1995||First professional Football club based in the only Seoul and had home matches in Seoul.|
| Lucky-Goldstar Hwangso
|Dongdaemun Stadium||1990–1995|| Lucky-Goldstar Hwangso demanded that original franchise should be Seoul. |
But board of K League didn't allow and launchecd at Chungcheong franchise.
|Yukong Elephants||Dongdaemun Stadium||1991–1995||Moved to Incheon+Gyeonggi in 1987, and then returned in 1991.|
|Seoul Pabal FC||Eunpyeong-gu-rip Stadium||2007–2008||K3 League founding club member.|
|Nowon Hummel FC||Madeul Stadium||2008–2009|
The board of K League forced the three clubs Ilhwa Chunma, LG Cheetahs and Yukong Elephants out of the city in 1996.
Therefore, Seoul's 3 clubs had to leave Seoul for another city in accordance with the K League's decentralization policy and relocated not their own wills as belows.
Ilhwa Chunma relocated to Cheonan, LG Cheetahs to Anyang and Yukong Elephants to Bucheon.
※ Only counted FC Seoul 1990–1995 seasons, 2004–present in Seoul franchise / Ilhwa Chunma (Currently Seongnam FC) 1989–19995 seasons in Seoul franchise / Yukong Elephants (Currently Jeju United) 1991–19995 seasons in Seoul franchise.
- League Title
|Top||K League Classic||FC Seoul||3 (1990, 2010, 2012)||2 (1993, 2008)|
|Ilhwa Chunma||3 (1993, 1994, 1995)||1 (1992)|
|Yukong Elephants||0||1 (1994)|
|2nd||National Semi-Professional Football League||Seoul FC||5 (1978 Spring, 1980 Spring, 1985 Autumn, 1988 Spring, 1989 Autumn)||1 (1978 Autumn)|
|3rd||K3 League||Seoul United||1 (2007)||0|
|FC Seoul||2 (2006, 2010)||3 (1992, 1994, 2007)|
|Ilhwa Chunma||1 (1992)||1 (1994)|
|FC Seoul||1 (2015)||1 (2014)|
|Seoul FC||3 (1980, 1982, 1986)||0|
|Ilhwa Chunma||1 (1995)||0|
|FC Seoul||0||1 (2013)|
|Top||WK League||Seoul WFC||0||1 (2013)|
The Seoul derbies started in 1990, with competing three football clubs: Ilhwa Chunma, LG Cheetahs and Yukong Elephants also participated in 1991. This derby was called Dongdaemun derby and first derby proper in K League. Many Korean football fans called Dongdaemun Derby because three clubs used Dongdaemun Stadium as their home together. The highlight match of the derbies was the K League 28-round match between Ilhwa Chunma and Yukong Elephants at Dongdaemun Stadium on 9 November 1994 This match was also famous for both teams' great goalkeepers: Valeri Sarychev of Ilhwa Chunma and Aleksandr Podshivalov of Yukong Elephants from Lev Yashin Club. Yukong Elephants beat Ilhwa Chunma 2–0 in this round, and took the derby with a one-point difference. The Seoul derbies stopped in 1995, due to the board of K League forcing the three original clubs out of the city in 1996.
This derby was put to an end in 1996, due to K League's decentralization policy which relocated the 3 clubs.
Ilhwa Chunma vs LG Cheetahs (1990–1995)
|Competition||Matches||Ilhwa Chunma wins||Draws||LG Cheetahs wins||Ilhwa Chunma goals||LG Cheetahs goals|
Ilhwa Chunma vs Yukong Elephants (1991–1995)
|Competition||Matches||Ilhwa Chunma wins||Draws||Yukong Elephants wins||Ilhwa Chunma goals||Yukong Elephants goals|
LG Cheetahs vs Yukong Elephants (1991-1995)
|Competition||Matches||LG Cheetahs Wins||Draws||Yukong Elephants Wins||LG Cheetahs Goals||Yukong Elephants Goals|
FC Seoul vs Seoul E-Land FC
Seoul E-Land FC was newly founded on April 15, 2014. This club will use Seoul Olympic Stadium in South Seoul. Korean football fans hope to Seoul derby with FC Seoul using Seoul World Cup Stadium in North Seoul.
Derbies with clubs not based in Seoul
Kyungsung FC–Pyongyang FC rivalry
- As of 31 October 2015
- Penalty shoot-outs results are counted as a drawn match.
|Competition||Played||Seoul wins||Draws||Incheon wins||Seoul goals||Incheon goals|
|K League Classic||28||13||10||5||50||31|
Seoul is the location of the headquarters of Korea Football Association.
- K League
- Korean League Cup
- Korean FA Cup
- Korean Super Cup
- AFC Champions League
- Korean National League
- Challengers League
- Korean football league system
- List of football clubs in South Korea
- "Lucky-Goldstar wants Seoul franchise." (in Korean). Kyunghyang Newspaper. 1983-08-19.
- "서울 연고지 일화-LG 자존심 대결" (in Korean). JoongAng Ilbo. 24 November 1992.
- "프로축구 일화, 유공 우승 향방 가를 최종 혈전" (in Korean). JoongAng Ilbo. 8 November 1994.
- "신라이벌 탐방(2)-LG 치타스 vs 유공 코끼리" (in Korean). JoongAng Ilbo. 24 March 1996.
- "일화 유공 LG, 내년에 서울연고 없어 Dongdaemun". Monthly Football. December 1995.
- K League HISTORY 1990 season (Korean)